ID CVE-2018-11645
Summary psi/zfile.c in Artifex Ghostscript before 9.21rc1 permits the status command even if -dSAFER is used, which might allow remote attackers to determine the existence and size of arbitrary files, a similar issue to CVE-2016-7977.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Artifex Ghostscript 9.20
    cpe:2.3:a:artifex:ghostscript:9.20
CVSS
Base: 5.0
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
nessus via4
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-4336.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities were discovered in Ghostscript, the GPL PostScript/PDF interpreter, which may result in denial of service, disclosure of existence and size of arbitrary files, or the execution of arbitrary code if a malformed Postscript file is processed (despite the dSAFER sandbox being enabled). This update rebases ghostscript for stretch to the upstream version 9.25 which includes additional non-security related changes.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-07
    plugin id 118893
    published 2018-11-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118893
    title Debian DSA-4336-1 : ghostscript - security update
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3768-1.NASL
    description Tavis Ormandy discovered multiple security issues in Ghostscript. If a user or automated system were tricked into processing a specially crafted file, a remote attacker could possibly use these issues to access arbitrary files, execute arbitrary code, or cause a denial of service. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 117595
    published 2018-09-19
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=117595
    title Ubuntu 14.04 LTS / 16.04 LTS / 18.04 LTS : ghostscript vulnerabilities (USN-3768-1)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DLA-1504.NASL
    description Tavis Ormandy discovered multiple vulnerabilities in Ghostscript, an interpreter for the PostScript language, which could result in denial of service, the creation of files or the execution of arbitrary code if a malformed Postscript file is processed (despite the dSAFER sandbox being enabled). For Debian 8 'Jessie', these problems have been fixed in version 9.06~dfsg-2+deb8u8. We recommend that you upgrade your ghostscript packages. NOTE: Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the DLA security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-10-31
    plugin id 117487
    published 2018-09-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=117487
    title Debian DLA-1504-1 : ghostscript security update
  • NASL family Amazon Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id AL2_ALAS-2018-1088.NASL
    description It was discovered that the ghostscript .shfill operator did not properly validate certain types. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-15909) An issue was discovered in Artifex Ghostscript before 9.24. A type confusion in 'ztype' could be used by remote attackers able to supply crafted PostScript to crash the interpreter or possibly have unspecified other impact.(CVE-2018-16511) An issue was discovered in Artifex Ghostscript before 9.24. The .setdistillerkeys PostScript command is accepted even though it is not intended for use during document processing (e.g., after the startup phase). This leads to memory corruption, allowing remote attackers able to supply crafted PostScript to crash the interpreter or possibly have unspecified other impact.(CVE-2018-16585) It was discovered that the ghostscript PDF14 compositor did not properly handle the copying of a device. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-16540) It was discovered that the ghostscript device cleanup did not properly handle devices replaced with a null device. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-16541) It was discovered that the ghostscript did not properly restrict access to files open prior to enabling the -dSAFER mode. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and disclose the content of affected files via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-16539) An issue was discovered in Artifex Ghostscript before 9.25. Incorrect 'restoration of privilege' checking when running out of stack during exception handling could be used by attackers able to supply crafted PostScript to execute code using the 'pipe' instruction. This is due to an incomplete fix for CVE-2018-16509 .(CVE-2018-16802) It was discovered that ghostscript did not properly handle certain stack overflow error conditions. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-16542) Ghostscript did not honor the -dSAFER option when executing the 'status' instruction, which can be used to retrieve information such as a file's existence and size. A specially crafted postscript document could use this flow to gain information on the targeted system's filesystem content.(CVE-2018-11645) It was discovered that the ghostscript did not properly validate the operands passed to the setcolor function. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-16513) It was discovered that the type of the LockDistillerParams parameter is not properly verified. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-15910) It was discovered that the ghostscript /invalidaccess checks fail under certain conditions. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and, for example, execute arbitrary shell commands via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-16509) It was discovered that ghostscript did not properly verify the key used in aesdecode. An attacker could possibly exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and crash ghostscript or, possibly, execute arbitrary code in the ghostscript context via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-15911) It was discovered that the ghostscript .tempfile function did not properly handle file permissions. An attacker could possibly exploit this to exploit this to bypass the -dSAFER protection and delete files or disclose their content via a specially crafted PostScript document.(CVE-2018-15908)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-10-31
    plugin id 118043
    published 2018-10-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118043
    title Amazon Linux 2 : ghostscript (ALAS-2018-1088)
refmap via4
debian DSA-4336
misc
mlist [debian-lts-announce] 20180913 [SECURITY] [DLA 1504-1] ghostscript security update
ubuntu USN-3768-1
Last major update 01-06-2018 - 08:29
Published 01-06-2018 - 08:29
Last modified 11-11-2018 - 06:29
Back to Top