ID CVE-2015-2426
Summary Buffer underflow in atmfd.dll in the Windows Adobe Type Manager Library in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OpenType font, aka "OpenType Font Driver Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1 (initial release)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows 7 x86 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x86
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8:-:-:-:-:-:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8:-:-:-:-:-:-:x64
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8:-:-:-:-:-:-:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8:-:-:-:-:-:-:x86
  • Microsoft Windows 8.1 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1:-:-:-:-:-:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows 8.1 x86 (32-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1:-:-:-:-:-:-:x86
  • Microsoft Windows RT Gold
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt:-:gold
  • Microsoft Windows RT 8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012 Gold
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:-:gold
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 DataCenter Edition
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2:-:-:-:datacenter
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials Edition
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2:-:-:-:essentials
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard Edition
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2:-:-:-:standard
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
CVSS
Base: 9.3 (as of 22-07-2015 - 11:28)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
exploit-db via4
description MS15-078 Microsoft Windows Font Driver Buffer Overflow. CVE-2015-2426,CVE-2015-2433. Local exploit for win64 platform
file exploits/windows_x86-64/local/38222.rb
id EDB-ID:38222
last seen 2016-02-04
modified 2015-09-17
platform windows_x86-64
port
published 2015-09-17
reporter metasploit
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/38222/
title MS15-078 Microsoft Windows Font Driver Buffer Overflow
type local
metasploit via4
description This module exploits a pool based buffer overflow in the atmfd.dll driver when parsing a malformed font. The vulnerability was exploited by the hacking team and disclosed in the July data leak. This module has been tested successfully on vulnerable builds of Windows 8.1 x64.
id MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/LOCAL/MS15_078_ATMFD_BOF
last seen 2018-09-09
modified 2017-09-14
published 2015-09-02
reliability Manual
reporter Rapid7
source https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/blob/master/modules/exploits/windows/local/ms15_078_atmfd_bof.rb
title MS15-078 Microsoft Windows Font Driver Buffer Overflow
msbulletin via4
bulletin_id MS15-078
bulletin_url
date 2015-07-20T00:00:00
impact Remote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id 3079904
knowledgebase_url
severity Critical
title Vulnerability in Microsoft Font Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS15-078.NASL
description The remote Windows host is affected by a remote code execution vulnerability in the Adobe Type Manager Library due to improper handling of OpenType fonts. A remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to open a document or visit a website containing specially crafted OpenType fonts, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code in the context of the current user.
last seen 2018-09-01
modified 2018-07-30
plugin id 84882
published 2015-07-20
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84882
title MS15-078: Vulnerability in Microsoft Font Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3079904)
packetstorm via4
data source https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/download/133595/ms15_078_atmfd_bof.rb.txt
id PACKETSTORM:133595
last seen 2016-12-05
published 2015-09-17
reporter juan vazquez
source https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/133595/MS15-078-Microsoft-Windows-Font-Driver-Buffer-Overflow.html
title MS15-078 Microsoft Windows Font Driver Buffer Overflow
refmap via4
bid 75951
cert-vn VU#103336
misc http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/a-look-at-the-open-type-font-manager-vulnerability-from-the-hacking-team-leak/
ms MS15-078
sectrack 1032991
the hacker news via4
id THN:F6B0A2138B0F5C7F496766AFFF4AC2C8
last seen 2018-01-27
modified 2015-07-21
published 2015-07-20
reporter Mohit Kumar
source https://thehackernews.com/2015/07/Windows-vulnerability-patch-update.html
title Microsoft releases Emergency Patch Update for all versions of Windows
Last major update 28-11-2016 - 14:19
Published 20-07-2015 - 14:59
Last modified 12-10-2018 - 18:09
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