ID CVE-2015-2423
Summary Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, Windows 10, Excel 2007 SP3, PowerPoint 2007 SP3, Visio 2007 SP3, Word 2007 SP3, Office 2010 SP2, Excel 2010 SP2, PowerPoint 2010 SP2, Visio 2010 SP2, Word 2010 SP2, Excel 2013 SP1, PowerPoint 2013 SP1, Visio 2013 SP1, Word 2013 SP1, Excel 2013 RT SP1, PowerPoint 2013 RT SP1, Visio 2013 RT SP1, Word 2013 RT SP1, and Internet Explorer 7 through 11 allow remote attackers to gain privileges and obtain sensitive information via a crafted command-line parameter to an Office application or Notepad, as demonstrated by a transition from Low Integrity to Medium Integrity, aka "Unsafe Command Line Parameter Passing Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Office Excel 2007 Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel:2007:sp3
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel:2010:sp2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel:2010:sp2
  • Microsoft Excel 2013 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel:2013:sp1
  • Microsoft Excel 2013 Service Pack 1 Runtime Edition
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel:2013:sp1:-:-:rt
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2010:sp2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2010:sp2
  • Microsoft PowerPoint 2007 Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:powerpoint:2007:sp3
  • Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:powerpoint:2010:sp2
  • Microsoft PowerPoint 2013 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:powerpoint:2013:sp1
  • Microsoft PowerPoint 2013 Service Pack 1 Runtime Edition
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:powerpoint:2013:sp1:-:-:rt
  • Microsoft Office Visio 2007 Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:visio:2007:sp3
  • Microsoft Visio 2010 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:visio:2010:sp2
  • Microsoft Visio 2013 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:visio:2013:sp1
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:visio:2013:sp1:-:-:rt
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:visio:2013:sp1:-:-:rt
  • Microsoft Visio 2016
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:visio:2016
  • Microsoft Word 2007 Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:word:2007:sp3
  • Microsoft Word 2010 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:word:2010:sp2
  • Microsoft Word 2013 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:word:2013:sp1
  • Microsoft Word 2013 SP1 RT
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:word:2013:sp1:-:-:rt
  • Microsoft Word 2016
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:word:2016
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 7
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_explorer:7
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 8
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_explorer:8
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 9
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_explorer:9
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 10
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_explorer:10
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 11
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_explorer:11
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows RT
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt
  • Microsoft Windows RT 8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:itanium
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
CVSS
Base: 4.3 (as of 18-08-2015 - 09:27)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE NONE
msbulletin via4
  • bulletin_id MS15-079
    bulletin_url
    date 2015-08-11T00:00:00
    impact Remote Code Execution
    knowledgebase_id 3082442
    knowledgebase_url
    severity Critical
    title Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer
  • bulletin_id MS15-081
    bulletin_url
    date 2015-08-11T00:00:00
    impact Remote Code Execution
    knowledgebase_id 3080790
    knowledgebase_url
    severity Critical
    title Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Office Could Allow Remote Code Execution
  • bulletin_id MS15-088
    bulletin_url
    date 2015-08-11T00:00:00
    impact Information Disclosure
    knowledgebase_id 3082458
    knowledgebase_url
    severity Important
    title Unsafe Command Line Parameter Passing Could Allow Information Disclosure
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS15-088.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is affected by an information disclosure vulnerability when files at a medium integrity level become accessible to Internet Explorer running in Enhanced Protection Mode (EPM). An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by leveraging another vulnerability to execute code in IE with EPM, and then executing Excel, Notepad, PowerPoint, Visio, or Word using an unsafe command line parameter.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 85334
    published 2015-08-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=85334
    title MS15-088: Unsafe Command Line Parameter Passing Could Allow Information Disclosure (3082458)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS15-081.NASL
    description The remote Windows host has a version of Microsoft Office, Word, Word Viewer, Excel, PowerPoint, Visio, SharePoint Server, Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack, Microsoft Word Web Apps, or Microsoft Office Web Apps installed that is affected by multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities : - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist due to improper handling of objects in memory. A remote attacker can exploit these vulnerabilities by convincing a user to open a specially crafted Office file, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2015-1642, CVE-2015-2467, CVE-2015-2468, CVE-2015-2469, CVE-2015-2477) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when files at a medium integrity level become accessible to Internet Explorer running in Enhanced Protection Mode (EPM). An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by leveraging another vulnerability to execute code in IE with EPM, and then executing Excel, Notepad, PowerPoint, Visio, or Word using an unsafe command line parameter. (CVE-2015-2423) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists due a failure to properly validate templates. A remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to open a specially crafted template file, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2015-2466) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Office decreases an integer value beyond its intended minimum value. A remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to open a specially crafted Office file, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2015-2470)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-08-03
    plugin id 85350
    published 2015-08-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=85350
    title MS15-081: Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Office Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3080790)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS15-079.NASL
    description The version of Internet Explorer installed on the remote host is missing Cumulative Security Update 3082442. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities, the majority of which are remote code execution vulnerabilities. An attacker can exploit these vulnerabilities by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website. Note that the majority of the vulnerabilities addressed by Cumulative Security Update 3082442 are mitigated by the Enhanced Security Configuration (ESC) mode which is enabled by default on Windows Server 2003, 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, and 2012 R2.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 85333
    published 2015-08-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=85333
    title MS15-079: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (3082442)
refmap via4
ms
  • MS15-079
  • MS15-081
  • MS15-088
sectrack
  • 1033237
  • 1033239
  • 1033248
Last major update 23-12-2016 - 21:59
Published 14-08-2015 - 20:59
Last modified 15-05-2019 - 07:53
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