ID CVE-2010-0232
Summary The kernel in Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 through Windows 7, including Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Windows Server 2008 Gold and SP2, when access to 16-bit applications is enabled on a 32-bit x86 platform, does not properly validate certain BIOS calls, which allows local users to gain privileges by crafting a VDM_TIB data structure in the Thread Environment Block (TEB), and then calling the NtVdmControl function to start the Windows Virtual DOS Machine (aka NTVDM) subsystem, leading to improperly handled exceptions involving the #GP trap handler (nt!KiTrap0D), aka "Windows Kernel Exception Handler Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2000:sp4:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2000:sp4:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_nt:3.1:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_nt:3.1:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2003:*:sp2:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2003:*:sp2:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:*:itanium:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:*:itanium:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:*:x32:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:*:x32:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:*:x64:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:*:x64:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:sp2:x64:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:*:sp2:x64:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:sp2:x32:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:sp2:x32:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:*:x64:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:*:x64:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:sp1:x64:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:sp1:x64:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:sp2:x64:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:*:sp2:x64:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp1:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp1:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp2:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp2:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2:x64:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2:x64:*:*:*:*:*
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:sp3:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:sp3:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
CVSS
Base: 7.2 (as of 26-02-2019 - 14:04)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Using Malicious Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files. When the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Web Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
LOCAL LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
cvss-vector via4 AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C
oval via4
accepted 2010-03-22T04:00:10.417-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
name Dragos Prisaca
organization Symantec Corporation
definition_extensions
  • comment Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6124
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5653
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6124
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5653
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6165
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6165
description The kernel in Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 through Windows 7, including Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Windows Server 2008 Gold and SP2, when access to 16-bit applications is enabled on a 32-bit x86 platform, does not properly validate certain BIOS calls, which allows local users to gain privileges by crafting a VDM_TIB data structure in the Thread Environment Block (TEB), and then calling the NtVdmControl function to start the Windows Virtual DOS Machine (aka NTVDM) subsystem, leading to improperly handled exceptions involving the #GP trap handler (nt!KiTrap0D), aka "Windows Kernel Exception Handler Vulnerability."
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:8344
status accepted
submitted 2010-02-08T13:00:00
title Windows Kernel Exception Handler Vulnerability
version 67
refmap via4
bid 37864
bugtraq 20100119 Microsoft Windows NT #GP Trap Handler Allows Users to Switch Kernel Stack
cert TA10-040A
confirm
fulldisc 20100119 Microsoft Windows NT #GP Trap Handler Allows Users to Switch Kernel Stack
misc http://lock.cmpxchg8b.com/c0af0967d904cef2ad4db766a00bc6af/KiTrap0D.zip
mlist [dailydave] 20100119 We hold these axioms to be self evident
ms MS10-015
sectrack 1023471
secunia 38265
vupen ADV-2010-0179
xf ms-win-gptrap-privilege-escalation(55742)
Last major update 26-02-2019 - 14:04
Published 21-01-2010 - 19:30
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