ID CVE-2015-2150
Summary Xen 3.3.x through 4.5.x and the Linux kernel through 3.19.1 do not properly restrict access to PCI command registers, which might allow local guest OS users to cause a denial of service (non-maskable interrupt and host crash) by disabling the (1) memory or (2) I/O decoding for a PCI Express device and then accessing the device, which triggers an Unsupported Request (UR) response.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:ubuntu:ubuntu:12.04:-:lts
    cpe:2.3:o:ubuntu:ubuntu:12.04:-:lts
  • Xen 3.3.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.3.0
  • Xen 3.3.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.3.1
  • Xen 3.3.2
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.3.2
  • Xen 3.4.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.4.0
  • Xen 3.4.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.4.1
  • Xen 3.4.2
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.4.2
  • Xen 3.4.3
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.4.3
  • Xen 3.4.4
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:3.4.4
  • Xen 4.0.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.0.0
  • Xen 4.0.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.0.1
  • Xen 4.0.2
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.0.2
  • Xen 4.0.3
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.0.3
  • Xen 4.0.4
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.0.4
  • Xen 4.1.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.0
  • Xen 4.1.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.1
  • Xen 4.1.2
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.2
  • Xen 4.1.3
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.3
  • Xen 4.1.4
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.4
  • Xen 4.1.5
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.5
  • Xen 4.1.6.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.1.6.1
  • Xen 4.2.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.2.0
  • Xen 4.2.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.2.1
  • Xen 4.2.2
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.2.2
  • Xen 4.2.3
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.2.3
  • Xen Xen 4.3.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.3.0
  • Xen 4.3.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.3.1
  • Xen 4.4.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.4.0
  • Xen 4.4.0 release candidate 1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.4.0:rc1
  • Xen Xen 4.4.1
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.4.1
  • Xen Xen 4.5.0
    cpe:2.3:o:xen:xen:4.5.0
  • Linux Kernel 3.19.1
    cpe:2.3:o:linux:linux_kernel:3.19.1
CVSS
Base: 4.9 (as of 08-07-2016 - 11:42)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
LOCAL LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
NONE NONE COMPLETE
nessus via4
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-124.NASL
    description The openSUSE 13.1 kernel was updated to receive various security and bugfixes. Following security bugs were fixed : - CVE-2016-0728: A reference leak in keyring handling with join_session_keyring() could lead to local attackers gain root privileges. (bsc#962075). - CVE-2015-7550: A local user could have triggered a race between read and revoke in keyctl (bnc#958951). - CVE-2015-8569: The (1) pptp_bind and (2) pptp_connect functions in drivers/net/ppp/pptp.c in the Linux kernel did not verify an address length, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory and bypass the KASLR protection mechanism via a crafted application (bnc#959190). - CVE-2015-8543: The networking implementation in the Linux kernel did not validate protocol identifiers for certain protocol families, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (NULL function pointer dereference and system crash) or possibly gain privileges by leveraging CLONE_NEWUSER support to execute a crafted SOCK_RAW application (bnc#958886). - CVE-2014-8989: The Linux kernel did not properly restrict dropping of supplemental group memberships in certain namespace scenarios, which allowed local users to bypass intended file permissions by leveraging a POSIX ACL containing an entry for the group category that is more restrictive than the entry for the other category, aka a 'negative groups' issue, related to kernel/groups.c, kernel/uid16.c, and kernel/user_namespace.c (bnc#906545). - CVE-2015-5157: arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S in the Linux kernel on the x86_64 platform mishandles IRET faults in processing NMIs that occurred during userspace execution, which might allow local users to gain privileges by triggering an NMI (bnc#937969). - CVE-2015-7799: The slhc_init function in drivers/net/slip/slhc.c in the Linux kernel through 4.2.3 did not ensure that certain slot numbers are valid, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and system crash) via a crafted PPPIOCSMAXCID ioctl call (bnc#949936). - CVE-2015-8104: The KVM subsystem in the Linux kernel through 4.2.6, and Xen 4.3.x through 4.6.x, allowed guest OS users to cause a denial of service (host OS panic or hang) by triggering many #DB (aka Debug) exceptions, related to svm.c (bnc#954404). - CVE-2015-5307: The KVM subsystem in the Linux kernel through 4.2.6, and Xen 4.3.x through 4.6.x, allowed guest OS users to cause a denial of service (host OS panic or hang) by triggering many #AC (aka Alignment Check) exceptions, related to svm.c and vmx.c (bnc#953527). - CVE-2014-9529: Race condition in the key_gc_unused_keys function in security/keys/gc.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (memory corruption or panic) or possibly have unspecified other impact via keyctl commands that trigger access to a key structure member during garbage collection of a key (bnc#912202). - CVE-2015-7990: Race condition in the rds_sendmsg function in net/rds/sendmsg.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by using a socket that was not properly bound. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2015-6937 (bnc#952384 953052). - CVE-2015-6937: The __rds_conn_create function in net/rds/connection.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by using a socket that was not properly bound (bnc#945825). - CVE-2015-7885: The dgnc_mgmt_ioctl function in drivers/staging/dgnc/dgnc_mgmt.c in the Linux kernel through 4.3.3 did not initialize a certain structure member, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory via a crafted application (bnc#951627). - CVE-2015-8215: net/ipv6/addrconf.c in the IPv6 stack in the Linux kernel did not validate attempted changes to the MTU value, which allowed context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (packet loss) via a value that is (1) smaller than the minimum compliant value or (2) larger than the MTU of an interface, as demonstrated by a Router Advertisement (RA) message that is not validated by a daemon, a different vulnerability than CVE-2015-0272. NOTE: the scope of CVE-2015-0272 is limited to the NetworkManager product (bnc#955354). - CVE-2015-8767: A case can occur when sctp_accept() is called by the user during a heartbeat timeout event after the 4-way handshake. Since sctp_assoc_migrate() changes both assoc->base.sk and assoc->ep, the bh_sock_lock in sctp_generate_heartbeat_event() will be taken with the listening socket but released with the new association socket. The result is a deadlock on any future attempts to take the listening socket lock. (bsc#961509) - CVE-2015-8575: Validate socket address length in sco_sock_bind() to prevent information leak (bsc#959399). - CVE-2015-8551, CVE-2015-8552: xen/pciback: For XEN_PCI_OP_disable_msi[|x] only disable if device has MSI(X) enabled (bsc#957990). - CVE-2015-8550: Compiler optimizations in the XEN PV backend drivers could have lead to double fetch vulnerabilities, causing denial of service or arbitrary code execution (depending on the configuration) (bsc#957988). The following non-security bugs were fixed : - ALSA: hda - Disable 64bit address for Creative HDA controllers (bnc#814440). - ALSA: hda - Fix noise problems on Thinkpad T440s (boo#958504). - Input: aiptek - fix crash on detecting device without endpoints (bnc#956708). - KEYS: Make /proc/keys unconditional if CONFIG_KEYS=y (boo#956934). - KVM: x86: update masterclock values on TSC writes (bsc#961739). - NFS: Fix a NULL pointer dereference of migration recovery ops for v4.2 client (bsc#960839). - apparmor: allow SYS_CAP_RESOURCE to be sufficient to prlimit another task (bsc#921949). - blktap: also call blkif_disconnect() when frontend switched to closed (bsc#952976). - blktap: refine mm tracking (bsc#952976). - cdrom: Random writing support for BD-RE media (bnc#959568). - genksyms: Handle string literals with spaces in reference files (bsc#958510). - ipv4: Do not increase PMTU with Datagram Too Big message (bsc#955224). - ipv6: distinguish frag queues by device for multicast and link-local packets (bsc#955422). - ipv6: fix tunnel error handling (bsc#952579). - route: Use ipv4_mtu instead of raw rt_pmtu (bsc#955224). - uas: Add response iu handling (bnc#954138). - usbvision fix overflow of interfaces array (bnc#950998). - x86/evtchn: make use of PHYSDEVOP_map_pirq. - xen/pciback: Do not allow MSI-X ops if PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY is not set (bsc#957990 XSA-157).
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-07
    plugin id 88545
    published 2016-02-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88545
    title openSUSE Security Update : the Linux Kernel (openSUSE-2016-124)
  • NASL family OracleVM Local Security Checks
    NASL id ORACLEVM_OVMSA-2016-0037.NASL
    description The remote OracleVM system is missing necessary patches to address critical security updates : please see Oracle VM Security Advisory OVMSA-2016-0037 for details.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-24
    plugin id 90019
    published 2016-03-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90019
    title OracleVM 3.2 : kernel-uek (OVMSA-2016-0037)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-2614-1.NASL
    description Vincent Tondellier discovered an integer overflow in the Linux kernel's netfilter connection tracking accounting of loaded extensions. An attacker on the local area network (LAN) could potential exploit this flaw to cause a denial of service (system crash of targeted system). (CVE-2014-9715) Jan Beulich discovered the Xen virtual machine subsystem of the Linux kernel did not properly restrict access to PCI command registers. A local guest user could exploit this flaw to cause a denial of service (host crash). (CVE-2015-2150) A privilege escalation was discovered in the fork syscal vi the int80 entry on 64 bit kernels with 32 bit emulation support. An unprivileged local attacker could exploit this flaw to increase their privileges on the system. (CVE-2015-2830) A memory corruption issue was discovered in AES decryption when using the Intel AES-NI accelerated code path. A remote attacker could exploit this flaw to cause a denial of service (system crash) or potentially escalate privileges on Intel base machines with AEC-GCM mode IPSec security association. (CVE-2015-3331). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 83760
    published 2015-05-21
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=83760
    title Ubuntu 14.04 LTS : linux vulnerabilities (USN-2614-1)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_SU-2015-1174-1.NASL
    description The SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 Service Pack 3 kernel was updated to fix various bugs and security issues. The following vulnerabilities have been fixed : CVE-2015-3636: A missing sk_nulls_node_init() in ping_unhash() inside the ipv4 stack can cause crashes if a disconnect is followed by another connect() attempt. (bnc#929525) CVE-2015-3339: Race condition in the prepare_binprm function in fs/exec.c in the Linux kernel before 3.19.6 allows local users to gain privileges by executing a setuid program at a time instant when a chown to root is in progress, and the ownership is changed but the setuid bit is not yet stripped. (bnc#928130) CVE-2015-3331: The __driver_rfc4106_decrypt function in arch/x86/crypto/aesni-intel_glue.c in the Linux kernel before 3.19.3 does not properly determine the memory locations used for encrypted data, which allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (buffer overflow and system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code by triggering a crypto API call, as demonstrated by use of a libkcapi test program with an AF_ALG(aead) socket. (bnc#927257) CVE-2015-2922: The ndisc_router_discovery function in net/ipv6/ndisc.c in the Neighbor Discovery (ND) protocol implementation in the IPv6 stack in the Linux kernel before 3.19.6 allows remote attackers to reconfigure a hop-limit setting via a small hop_limit value in a Router Advertisement (RA) message. (bnc#922583) CVE-2015-2830: arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S in the Linux kernel before 3.19.2 does not prevent the TS_COMPAT flag from reaching a user-mode task, which might allow local users to bypass the seccomp or audit protection mechanism via a crafted application that uses the (1) fork or (2) close system call, as demonstrated by an attack against seccomp before 3.16. (bnc#926240) CVE-2015-2150: XSA-120: Xen 3.3.x through 4.5.x and the Linux kernel through 3.19.1 do not properly restrict access to PCI command registers, which might allow local guest users to cause a denial of service (non-maskable interrupt and host crash) by disabling the (1) memory or (2) I/O decoding for a PCI Express device and then accessing the device, which triggers an Unsupported Request (UR) response. (bnc#919463) CVE-2015-2042: net/rds/sysctl.c in the Linux kernel before 3.19 uses an incorrect data type in a sysctl table, which allows local users to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory or possibly have unspecified other impact by accessing a sysctl entry. (bnc#919018) CVE-2015-2041: net/llc/sysctl_net_llc.c in the Linux kernel before 3.19 uses an incorrect data type in a sysctl table, which allows local users to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory or possibly have unspecified other impact by accessing a sysctl entry. (bnc#919007) CVE-2015-1421: Use-after-free vulnerability in the sctp_assoc_update function in net/sctp/associola.c in the Linux kernel before 3.18.8 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (slab corruption and panic) or possibly have unspecified other impact by triggering an INIT collision that leads to improper handling of shared-key data. (bnc#915577) CVE-2015-0777: drivers/xen/usbback/usbback.c in 1 -2.6.18-xen-3.4.0 (aka the Xen 3.4.x support patches for the Linux kernel 2.6.18), as used in the Linux kernel 2.6.x and 3.x in SUSE Linux distributions, allows guest OS users to obtain sensitive information from uninitialized locations in host OS kernel memory via unspecified vectors. (bnc#917830) CVE-2014-9683: Off-by-one error in the ecryptfs_decode_from_filename function in fs/ecryptfs/crypto.c in the eCryptfs subsystem in the Linux kernel before 3.18.2 allows local users to cause a denial of service (buffer overflow and system crash) or possibly gain privileges via a crafted filename. (bnc#918333) CVE-2014-9529: Race condition in the key_gc_unused_keys function in security/keys/gc.c in the Linux kernel through 3.18.2 allows local users to cause a denial of service (memory corruption or panic) or possibly have unspecified other impact via keyctl commands that trigger access to a key structure member during garbage collection of a key. (bnc#912202) CVE-2014-9419: The __switch_to function in arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c in the Linux kernel through 3.18.1 does not ensure that Thread Local Storage (TLS) descriptors are loaded before proceeding with other steps, which makes it easier for local users to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism via a crafted application that reads a TLS base address. (bnc#911326) CVE-2014-8159: The InfiniBand (IB) implementation in the Linux kernel does not properly restrict use of User Verbs for registration of memory regions, which allows local users to access arbitrary physical memory locations, and consequently cause a denial of service (system crash) or gain privileges, by leveraging permissions on a uverbs device under /dev/infiniband/. (bnc#914742) CVE-2014-8086: Race condition in the ext4_file_write_iter function in fs/ext4/file.c in the Linux kernel through 3.17 allows local users to cause a denial of service (file unavailability) via a combination of a write action and an F_SETFL fcntl operation for the O_DIRECT flag. (bnc#900881) Also The update package also includes non-security fixes. See advisory for details. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-29
    plugin id 84545
    published 2015-07-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84545
    title SUSE SLED11 / SLES11 Security Update : kernel (SUSE-SU-2015:1174-1)
  • NASL family OracleVM Local Security Checks
    NASL id ORACLEVM_OVMSA-2015-0109.NASL
    description The remote OracleVM system is missing necessary patches to address critical security updates in kernel-uek.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-24
    plugin id 85188
    published 2015-08-04
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=85188
    title OracleVM 3.3 : kernel-uek (OVMSA-2015-0109)
  • NASL family OracleVM Local Security Checks
    NASL id ORACLEVM_OVMSA-2015-0060.NASL
    description The remote OracleVM system is missing necessary patches to address critical security updates : - crypto: aesni - fix memory usage in GCM decryption (Stephan Mueller) [Orabug: 21077385] (CVE-2015-3331) - xen/pciback: Don't disable PCI_COMMAND on PCI device reset. (Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk) [Orabug: 20807438] (CVE-2015-2150) - xen-blkfront: fix accounting of reqs when migrating (Roger Pau Monne) [Orabug: 20860817] - Doc/cpu-hotplug: Specify race-free way to register CPU hotplug callbacks (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - net/iucv/iucv.c: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - net/core/flow.c: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - mm, vmstat: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - profile: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) - trace, ring-buffer: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - hwmon, via-cputemp: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) - hwmon, coretemp: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - octeon, watchdog: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - oprofile, nmi-timer: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - intel-idle: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - drivers/base/topology.c: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - acpi-cpufreq: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - scsi, fcoe: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - scsi, bnx2fc: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - scsi, bnx2i: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20917697] - arm64, debug-monitors: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration (Srivatsa S. Bhat) [Orabug: 20