Name Manipulating Input to File System Calls
Summary An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Prerequisites Program must allow for user controlled variables to be applied directly to the filesystem
Solutions Design: Enforce principle of least privilege. Design: Ensure all input is validated, and does not contain file system commands Design: Run server interfaces with a non-root account and/or utilize chroot jails or other configuration techniques to constrain privileges even if attacker gains some limited access to commands. Design: For interactive user applications, consider if direct file system interface is necessary, instead consider having the application proxy communication. Implementation: Perform testing such as pen-testing and vulnerability scanning to identify directories, programs, and interfaces that grant direct access to executables.
Related Weaknesses
CWE ID Description
CWE-15 External Control of System or Configuration Setting
CWE-22 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
CWE-23 Relative Path Traversal
CWE-59 Improper Link Resolution Before File Access ('Link Following')
CWE-73 External Control of File Name or Path
CWE-74 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
CWE-77 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection')
CWE-272 Least Privilege Violation
CWE-285 Improper Authorization
CWE-346 Origin Validation Error
CWE-348 Use of Less Trusted Source
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