ID CVE-2010-0232
Summary The kernel in Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 through Windows 7, including Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Windows Server 2008 Gold and SP2, when access to 16-bit applications is enabled on a 32-bit x86 platform, does not properly validate certain BIOS calls, which allows local users to gain privileges by crafting a VDM_TIB data structure in the Thread Environment Block (TEB), and then calling the NtVdmControl function to start the Windows Virtual DOS Machine (aka NTVDM) subsystem, leading to improperly handled exceptions involving the #GP trap handler (nt!KiTrap0D), aka "Windows Kernel Exception Handler Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2000:sp4
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2000:sp4
  • Microsoft Windows 7
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7
  • Microsoft Windows NT 3.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_nt:3.1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2003:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:itanium
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x32
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x32
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 for Itanium-Based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:sp2:x32
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:sp2:x32
  • Microsoft Windows Vista
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 1 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2:x64
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp1
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows XP
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows XP SP3
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:sp3
CVSS
Base: 7.2 (as of 22-01-2010 - 09:27)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
LOCAL LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
exploit-db via4
description Windows NT User Mode to Ring 0 Escalation Vulnerability. CVE-2010-0232. Local exploit for windows platform
id EDB-ID:11199
last seen 2016-02-01
modified 2010-01-19
published 2010-01-19
reporter Tavis Ormandy
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/11199/
title Windows NT - User Mode to Ring - Escalation Vulnerability
metasploit via4
description This module will create a new session with SYSTEM privileges via the KiTrap0D exploit by Tavis Ormandy. If the session in use is already elevated then the exploit will not run. The module relies on kitrap0d.x86.dll, and is not supported on x64 editions of Windows.
id MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/LOCAL/MS10_015_KITRAP0D
last seen 2019-03-17
modified 2018-09-15
published 2013-11-11
reliability Great
reporter Rapid7
source https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/blob/master/modules/exploits/windows/local/ms10_015_kitrap0d.rb
title Windows SYSTEM Escalation via KiTrap0D
msbulletin via4
bulletin_id MS10-015
bulletin_url
date 2010-02-09T00:00:00
impact Elevation of Privilege
knowledgebase_id 977165
knowledgebase_url
severity Important
title Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel Could Allow Elevation of Privilege
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS10-015.NASL
description The remote Windows host is running a version of the Windows kernel that is affected by two vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the kernel due to the way it handles certain exceptions. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs, view / change / delete data, or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2010-0232) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel due to a double free condition. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs, view / change / delete data, or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2010-0233)
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 44425
published 2010-02-09
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=44425
title MS10-015: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (977165)
oval via4
accepted 2010-03-22T04:00:10.417-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
name Dragos Prisaca
organization Symantec Corporation
definition_extensions
  • comment Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6124
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5653
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6124
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5653
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6165
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6165
description The kernel in Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 through Windows 7, including Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Windows Server 2008 Gold and SP2, when access to 16-bit applications is enabled on a 32-bit x86 platform, does not properly validate certain BIOS calls, which allows local users to gain privileges by crafting a VDM_TIB data structure in the Thread Environment Block (TEB), and then calling the NtVdmControl function to start the Windows Virtual DOS Machine (aka NTVDM) subsystem, leading to improperly handled exceptions involving the #GP trap handler (nt!KiTrap0D), aka "Windows Kernel Exception Handler Vulnerability."
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:8344
status accepted
submitted 2010-02-08T13:00:00
title Windows Kernel Exception Handler Vulnerability
version 67
packetstorm via4
refmap via4
bid 37864
bugtraq 20100119 Microsoft Windows NT #GP Trap Handler Allows Users to Switch Kernel Stack
cert TA10-040A
confirm
fulldisc 20100119 Microsoft Windows NT #GP Trap Handler Allows Users to Switch Kernel Stack
misc http://lock.cmpxchg8b.com/c0af0967d904cef2ad4db766a00bc6af/KiTrap0D.zip
mlist [dailydave] 20100119 We hold these axioms to be self evident
ms MS10-015
sectrack 1023471
secunia 38265
vupen ADV-2010-0179
xf ms-win-gptrap-privilege-escalation(55742)
Last major update 10-05-2011 - 00:00
Published 21-01-2010 - 14:30
Last modified 26-02-2019 - 09:04
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