ID CVE-2008-1448
Summary The MHTML protocol handler in a component of Microsoft Outlook Express 5.5 SP2 and 6 through SP1, and Windows Mail, does not assign the correct Internet Explorer Security Zone to UNC share pathnames, which allows remote attackers to bypass intended access restrictions and read arbitrary files via an mhtml: URI in conjunction with a redirection, aka "URL Parsing Cross-Domain Information Disclosure Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft outlook_express 5.5 sp2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:outlook_express:5.5:sp2
  • Microsoft outlook_express 6.0
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:outlook_express:6.0
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:outlook_express:6.0:sp1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:outlook_express:6.0:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Mail
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:windows_mail
CVSS
Base: 7.1 (as of 13-08-2008 - 11:18)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE NONE NONE
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS08-048.NASL
description The remote host is running a version of Microsoft Outlook Express which contains a flaw that might be used to cause an information disclosure. To exploit this flaw, an attacker would need to send a malformed email to a victim on the remote host and have him open it.
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 33877
published 2008-08-13
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=33877
title MS08-048: Security Update for Outlook Express and Windows Mail (951066)
oval via4
accepted 2014-08-18T04:06:04.051-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
  • name Sudhir Gandhe
    organization Secure Elements, Inc.
  • name Pradeep R B
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Chandan S
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Maria Mikhno
    organization ALTX-SOFT
definition_extensions
  • comment Microsoft Windows 2000 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:85
  • comment Microsoft Outlook Express 5.5 SP2 is installed.
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:504
  • comment Microsoft Windows 2000 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:85
  • comment Microsoft Outlook Express 6 SP1 is installed.
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:488
  • comment Microsoft Outlook Express 6.0 for Windows XP/2003 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:208
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:105
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1353
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1870
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP x64 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15247
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) Gold is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:396
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (x64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:730
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) Gold is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:396
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (x64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:730
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP x64 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15247
  • comment Microsoft Windows Mail is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2058
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (ia-64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5667
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
description The MHTML protocol handler in a component of Microsoft Outlook Express 5.5 SP2 and 6 through SP1, and Windows Mail, does not assign the correct Internet Explorer Security Zone to UNC share pathnames, which allows remote attackers to bypass intended access restrictions and read arbitrary files via an mhtml: URI in conjunction with a redirection, aka "URL Parsing Cross-Domain Information Disclosure Vulnerability."
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5886
status accepted
submitted 2008-08-13T09:28:00
title URL Parsing Cross-Domain Information Disclosure Vulnerability
version 73
refmap via4
bid 30585
bugtraq 20080813 CORE-2008-0103: Internet Explorer Zone Elevation Restrictions Bypass and Security Zone Restrictions Bypass
cert TA08-225A
hp
  • HPSBST02360
  • SSRT080117
misc http://www.coresecurity.com/content/internet-explorer-zone-elevation
ms MS08-048
sectrack
  • 1020679
  • 1020680
secunia 31415
vupen ADV-2008-2352
Last major update 20-06-2011 - 00:00
Published 12-08-2008 - 20:41
Last modified 12-10-2018 - 17:47
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