ID CVE-2018-8432
Summary A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory, aka "Microsoft Graphics Components Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office Word Viewer, Office 365 ProPlus, Microsoft Excel Viewer, Microsoft PowerPoint Viewer, Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 10, Windows Server 2008.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel_viewer:2007:sp3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:excel_viewer:2007:sp3
  • Microsoft Office 2016 Mac OS Edition
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2016:-:mac_os
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2019
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2019
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office_365_proplus
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office_365_proplus
  • Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office_compatibility_pack:-:sp3
  • Microsoft PowerPoint Viewer 2007
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:powerpoint_viewer:2007
  • Microsoft Word Viewer
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:word_viewer
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1809
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1809
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2019
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2019
CVSS
Base: 9.3
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8432
impact Remote Code Execution
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE
knowledgebase_id
name Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
publishedDate 2018-10-09T07:00:00
severity Important
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_OCT_OFFICE_VIEWERS.NASL
    description The Microsoft Office Viewer Products are missing security updates. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft PowerPoint software when the software fails to properly handle objects in Protected View. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8501) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8432) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information that could be useful for further exploitation. (CVE-2018-8427)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-10-09
    plugin id 118012
    published 2018-10-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118012
    title Security Updates for Microsoft Office Viewer Products / Office Compatibility Products (October 2018)
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOS_MS18_OCT_OFFICE.NASL
    description The Microsoft Office 2016 application installed on the remote macOS or Mac OS X host is missing a security update. It is, therefore, affected by the following vulnerability: - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. To exploit the vulnerability, a user would have to open a specially crafted file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory.(CVE-2018-8432)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-13
    plugin id 118309
    published 2018-10-22
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118309
    title Security Update for Microsoft Office (October 2018) (macOS)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_OCT_4463097.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4463104 or cumulative update 4463097. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory, allowing an attacker to retrieve information from a targeted system. By itself, the information disclosure does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability. (CVE-2018-8472) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in DNS Global Blocklist feature. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could redirect traffic to malicious DNS endpoints. The update addresses the vulnerability by updating DNS Server Role record additions to not bypass the Global Query Blocklist. (CVE-2018-8320) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8330) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8432) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when DirectX improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how DirectX handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8486) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information that could be useful for further exploitation. (CVE-2018-8427) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-8489) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8411) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Media Player improperly discloses file information. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could allow an attacker to determine the presence of files on disk. (CVE-2018-8481, CVE-2018-8482) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft XML Core Services MSXML parser processes user input. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run malicious code remotely to take control of the users system. (CVE-2018-8494) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8453) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Microsoft JET Database Engine. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8423) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists in Filter Manager when it improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute elevated code and take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8333)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 118005
    published 2018-10-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118005
    title KB4463104: Windows Server 2008 October 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_OCT_4462923.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4462915 or cumulative update 4462923. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8460, CVE-2018-8491) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in DNS Global Blocklist feature. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could redirect traffic to malicious DNS endpoints. The update addresses the vulnerability by updating DNS Server Role record additions to not bypass the Global Query Blocklist. (CVE-2018-8320) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8330) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8432) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when DirectX improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how DirectX handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8486) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory, allowing an attacker to retrieve information from a targeted system. By itself, the information disclosure does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability. (CVE-2018-8472) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-8489) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8411) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft XML Core Services MSXML parser processes user input. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run malicious code remotely to take control of the users system. (CVE-2018-8494) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Media Player improperly discloses file information. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could allow an attacker to determine the presence of files on disk. (CVE-2018-8481, CVE-2018-8482) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when "Windows Theme API" does not properly decompress files. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8413) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8453) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Microsoft JET Database Engine. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8423) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists in Filter Manager when it improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute elevated code and take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8333)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 118001
    published 2018-10-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118001
    title KB4462915: Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 October 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_OCT_4464330.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4464330. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8460, CVE-2018-8491) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in DNS Global Blocklist feature. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could redirect traffic to malicious DNS endpoints. The update addresses the vulnerability by updating DNS Server Role record additions to not bypass the Global Query Blocklist. (CVE-2018-8320) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8330) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when DirectX improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how DirectX handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8486) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory, allowing an attacker to retrieve information from a targeted system. By itself, the information disclosure does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability. (CVE-2018-8472) - An Information Disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Windows Codecs Library handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. Exploitation of the vulnerability requires that a program process a specially crafted image file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft Windows Codecs Library handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8506) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8432) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8453) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8411) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft XML Core Services MSXML parser processes user input. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run malicious code remotely to take control of the users system. (CVE-2018-8494) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-8489, CVE-2018-8490) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8492) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Media Player improperly discloses file information. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could allow an attacker to determine the presence of files on disk. (CVE-2018-8481, CVE-2018-8482) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8503, CVE-2018-8505, CVE-2018-8510, CVE-2018-8511, CVE-2018-8513) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when "Windows Theme API" does not properly decompress files. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8413) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8484) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8473) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Microsoft JET Database Engine. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8423) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists in Filter Manager when it improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute elevated code and take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8333) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-8497)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 118006
    published 2018-10-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=118006
    title KB4464330: Windows 10 Version 1809 and Windows Server 2019 October 2018 Security Update
refmap via4
bid 105458
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8432
sectrack 1041823
Last major update 10-10-2018 - 09:29
Published 10-10-2018 - 09:29
Last modified 03-12-2018 - 14:15
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