ID CVE-2018-8394
Summary An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory, aka "Windows GDI Information Disclosure Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows RT 8.1, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 10, Windows 10 Servers. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2018-8396, CVE-2018-8398.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1703
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1703
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1709
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1709
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1803
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1803
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows RT 8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:itanium
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:-:-:-:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 1709
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016:1709
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 1803
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016:1803
CVSS
Base: 4.3
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8394
impact Information Disclosure
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE
knowledgebase_id
name Windows Server, version 1803 (Server Core Installation)
publishedDate 2018-08-14T07:00:00
severity Important
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343897.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343897. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8400, CVE-2018-8401, CVE-2018-8405, CVE-2018-8406) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the ChakraCore scripting engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8390) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Shell does not properly validate file paths. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on as an administrator, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with elevated privileges. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer privileges on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative privileges. (CVE-2018-8414) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8200, CVE-2018-8204) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle parsing of certain symbolic links. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could potentially access privileged registry keys and thereby elevate permissions. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8347) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows PDF Library improperly handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8350) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - A information disclosure vulnerability exists when WebAudio Library improperly handles audio requests. An attacker who has successfully exploited this vulnerability might be able to read privileged data across trust boundaries. In browsing scenarios, an attacker could convince a user to visit a malicious site and leverage the vulnerability to obtain privileged information from the browser process, such as sensitive data from other opened tabs. An attacker could also inject malicious code into advertising networks used by trusted sites or embed malicious code on a compromised, but trusted, site. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the WebAudio Library handles audio requests. (CVE-2018-8370) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8266, CVE-2018-8381) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8399, CVE-2018-8404) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers allowing sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. (CVE-2018-8357) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector allows file creation in arbitrary locations. (CVE-2018-0952) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8377) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2018-8388)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111687
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111687
    title KB4343897: Windows 10 Version 1709 And Windows Server Version 1709 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343898.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343888 or cumulative update 4343898. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8404) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8405) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) improperly handles multi-factor authentication requests. (CVE-2018-8340) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111688
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111688
    title KB4343888: Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343909.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343909. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8377, CVE-2018-8387) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8400, CVE-2018-8401, CVE-2018-8405, CVE-2018-8406) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the ChakraCore scripting engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8390) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Shell does not properly validate file paths. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on as an administrator, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with elevated privileges. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer privileges on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative privileges. (CVE-2018-8414) - A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge does not properly parse HTTP content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user by redirecting the user to a specially crafted website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2018-8383) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8200, CVE-2018-8204) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle parsing of certain symbolic links. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could potentially access privileged registry keys and thereby elevate permissions. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8347) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows PDF Library improperly handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8350) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - A information disclosure vulnerability exists when WebAudio Library improperly handles audio requests. An attacker who has successfully exploited this vulnerability might be able to read privileged data across trust boundaries. In browsing scenarios, an attacker could convince a user to visit a malicious site and leverage the vulnerability to obtain privileged information from the browser process, such as sensitive data from other opened tabs. An attacker could also inject malicious code into advertising networks used by trusted sites or embed malicious code on a compromised, but trusted, site. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the WebAudio Library handles audio requests. (CVE-2018-8370) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8266, CVE-2018-8380, CVE-2018-8381) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8399, CVE-2018-8404) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers allowing sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. (CVE-2018-8357) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector allows file creation in arbitrary locations. (CVE-2018-0952) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2018-8388)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111692
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111692
    title KB4343909: Windows 10 Version 1803 and Windows Server Version 1803 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_WIN2008.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security updates. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - Errors exist related to microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and L1 data cache that could allow information disclosure. (CVE-2018-3615, CVE-2018-3620, CVE-2018-3646) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8385) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345, CVE-2018-8346) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8396, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in the memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8397) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in 'Microsoft COM for Windows' when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8348)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-14
    plugin id 111700
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111700
    title Security Updates for Windows Server 2008 (August 2018) (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343900.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343899 or cumulative update 4343900. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8342, CVE-2018-8343) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8396, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345, CVE-2018-8346) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in the memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8397) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8404) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111689
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111689
    title KB4343899: Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343885.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343885. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the ChakraCore scripting engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8390) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Shell does not properly validate file paths. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on as an administrator, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with elevated privileges. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer privileges on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative privileges. (CVE-2018-8414) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8200, CVE-2018-8204) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle parsing of certain symbolic links. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could potentially access privileged registry keys and thereby elevate permissions. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8347) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows PDF Library improperly handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8350) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - A information disclosure vulnerability exists when WebAudio Library improperly handles audio requests. An attacker who has successfully exploited this vulnerability might be able to read privileged data across trust boundaries. In browsing scenarios, an attacker could convince a user to visit a malicious site and leverage the vulnerability to obtain privileged information from the browser process, such as sensitive data from other opened tabs. An attacker could also inject malicious code into advertising networks used by trusted sites or embed malicious code on a compromised, but trusted, site. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the WebAudio Library handles audio requests. (CVE-2018-8370) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8266, CVE-2018-8381) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8399, CVE-2018-8404) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers allowing sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. (CVE-2018-8357) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector allows file creation in arbitrary locations. (CVE-2018-0952) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8401, CVE-2018-8405, CVE-2018-8406) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2018-8388)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111684
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111684
    title KB4343885: Windows 10 Version 1703 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343887.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343887. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles redirect requests. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Cross- Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) redirect restrictions, and to follow redirect requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted to a destination website of the attacker's choice. (CVE-2018-8358) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8200, CVE-2018-8204) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle parsing of certain symbolic links. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could potentially access privileged registry keys and thereby elevate permissions. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8347) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - A information disclosure vulnerability exists when WebAudio Library improperly handles audio requests. An attacker who has successfully exploited this vulnerability might be able to read privileged data across trust boundaries. In browsing scenarios, an attacker could convince a user to visit a malicious site and leverage the vulnerability to obtain privileged information from the browser process, such as sensitive data from other opened tabs. An attacker could also inject malicious code into advertising networks used by trusted sites or embed malicious code on a compromised, but trusted, site. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the WebAudio Library handles audio requests. (CVE-2018-8370) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8404) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) improperly handles multi-factor authentication requests. (CVE-2018-8340) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8266, CVE-2018-8381) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Microsoft Cortana allows arbitrary website browsing on the lockscreen. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could steal browser stored passwords or log on to websites as another user. (CVE-2018-8253) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers allowing sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. (CVE-2018-8357) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector allows file creation in arbitrary locations. (CVE-2018-0952) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8401, CVE-2018-8405, CVE-2018-8406) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2018-8388)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111685
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111685
    title KB4343887: Windows 10 Version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343892.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343892. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8404) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8200, CVE-2018-8204) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector allows file creation in arbitrary locations. (CVE-2018-0952) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8266, CVE-2018-8381) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8401, CVE-2018-8405, CVE-2018-8406) - A information disclosure vulnerability exists when WebAudio Library improperly handles audio requests. An attacker who has successfully exploited this vulnerability might be able to read privileged data across trust boundaries. In browsing scenarios, an attacker could convince a user to visit a malicious site and leverage the vulnerability to obtain privileged information from the browser process, such as sensitive data from other opened tabs. An attacker could also inject malicious code into advertising networks used by trusted sites or embed malicious code on a compromised, but trusted, site. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the WebAudio Library handles audio requests. (CVE-2018-8370) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers allowing sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. (CVE-2018-8357)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111686
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111686
    title KB4343892: Windows 10 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_AUG_4343901.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343896 or cumulative update 4343901. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8385) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8404) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8316) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8343) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8398) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. (CVE-2018-8349) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream. (CVE-2018-8360) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website. This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 111690
    published 2018-08-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111690
    title KB4343896: Windows Server 2012 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)
refmap via4
bid 105001
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8394
sectrack 1041460
Last major update 15-08-2018 - 13:29
Published 15-08-2018 - 13:29
Last modified 10-09-2018 - 12:31
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