ID CVE-2018-8234
Summary An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory, aka "Microsoft Edge Information Disclosure Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft Edge. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2018-0871.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Edge
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:edge
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1703
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1703
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1709
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1709
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1803
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1803
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016
CVSS
Base: 4.3
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8234
impact Information Disclosure
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE
knowledgebase_id
name Microsoft Edge
publishedDate 2018-06-12T07:00:00
severity Important
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUN_4284874.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284874. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169) - A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8216, CVE-2018-8217, CVE-2018-8221) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8239) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8121) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8234) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8267) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows allows a normal user to access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user. An authenticated attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user, including passwords for wireless networks. An attacker would need to log on to the affected system and run a specific command. The security update addresses the vulnerability by changing the way that Windows enforces access permissions to Wireless LAN profiles. (CVE-2018-8209) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation fails to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on a target guest operating system. The host operating system is not vulnerable to this attack. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to be run. However, the vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (e.g. a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege) that could take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how privileges are enforced by Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation. (CVE-2018-8219) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8236) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Edge improperly marks files. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could exfiltrate file contents from disk. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website. The security update addresses the vulnerability by properly marking files. (CVE-2018-0871) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing. (CVE-2018-1040) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer that allows for bypassing Mark of the Web Tagging (MOTW). Failing to set the MOTW means that a large number of Microsoft security technologies are bypassed. (CVE-2018-8113) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-0982) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when Desktop Bridge does not properly manage the virtual registry. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8214)
    last seen 2018-07-14
    modified 2018-07-13
    plugin id 110490
    published 2018-06-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110490
    title KB4284874: Windows 10 Version 1703 June 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUN_4284860.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284860. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8234) - A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8236) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8229) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8267) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing. (CVE-2018-1040) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows allows a normal user to access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user. An authenticated attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user, including passwords for wireless networks. An attacker would need to log on to the affected system and run a specific command. The security update addresses the vulnerability by changing the way that Windows enforces access permissions to Wireless LAN profiles. (CVE-2018-8209) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8216, CVE-2018-8217, CVE-2018-8221) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036)
    last seen 2018-07-14
    modified 2018-07-13
    plugin id 110489
    published 2018-06-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110489
    title KB4284860: Windows 10 June 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUN_4284819.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284819. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2018-8218) - A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205) - An denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows NT WEBDAV Minirdr attempts to query a WEBDAV directory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a denial of service. (CVE-2018-8175) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8239) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8121) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8221) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8234) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Cortana retrieves data from user input services without consideration for status. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute commands with elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-8140) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8267) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8111, CVE-2018-8236) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows allows a normal user to access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user. An authenticated attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user, including passwords for wireless networks. An attacker would need to log on to the affected system and run a specific command. The security update addresses the vulnerability by changing the way that Windows enforces access permissions to Wireless LAN profiles. (CVE-2018-8209) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation fails to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on a target guest operating system. The host operating system is not vulnerable to this attack. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to be run. However, the vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (e.g. a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege) that could take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how privileges are enforced by Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation. (CVE-2018-8219) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Edge improperly marks files. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could exfiltrate file contents from disk. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website. The security update addresses the vulnerability by properly marking files. (CVE-2018-0871) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing. (CVE-2018-1040) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer that allows for bypassing Mark of the Web Tagging (MOTW). Failing to set the MOTW means that a large number of Microsoft security technologies are bypassed. (CVE-2018-8113) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-0982) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when Desktop Bridge does not properly manage the virtual registry. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8214)
    last seen 2018-07-14
    modified 2018-07-13
    plugin id 110485
    published 2018-06-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110485
    title KB4284819: Windows 10 Version 1709 June 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUN_4284835.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284835. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169) - A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205) - An denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows NT WEBDAV Minirdr attempts to query a WEBDAV directory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a denial of service. (CVE-2018-8175) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8239) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8121) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8221) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8234) - An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Cortana retrieves data from user input services without consideration for status. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute commands with elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-8140) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8267) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8233) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation fails to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on a target guest operating system. The host operating system is not vulnerable to this attack. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to be run. However, the vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (e.g. a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege) that could take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how privileges are enforced by Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation. (CVE-2018-8219) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8110, CVE-2018-8236) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Edge improperly marks files. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could exfiltrate file contents from disk. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website. The security update addresses the vulnerability by properly marking files. (CVE-2018-0871) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing. (CVE-2018-1040) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer that allows for bypassing Mark of the Web Tagging (MOTW). Failing to set the MOTW means that a large number of Microsoft security technologies are bypassed. (CVE-2018-8113) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-0982) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when Desktop Bridge does not properly manage the virtual registry. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8214)
    last seen 2018-07-14
    modified 2018-07-13
    plugin id 110487
    published 2018-06-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110487
    title KB4284835: Windows 10 Version 1803 June 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUN_4284880.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284880. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169) - A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8239) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8234) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8229) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8267) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows allows a normal user to access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user. An authenticated attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could access the Wireless LAN profile of an administrative user, including passwords for wireless networks. An attacker would need to log on to the affected system and run a specific command. The security update addresses the vulnerability by changing the way that Windows enforces access permissions to Wireless LAN profiles. (CVE-2018-8209) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation fails to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on a target guest operating system. The host operating system is not vulnerable to this attack. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to be run. However, the vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (e.g. a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege) that could take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how privileges are enforced by Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation. (CVE-2018-8219) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8216, CVE-2018-8217, CVE-2018-8221) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8236) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing. (CVE-2018-1040) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-0982) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when Desktop Bridge does not properly manage the virtual registry. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8214)
    last seen 2018-07-14
    modified 2018-07-13
    plugin id 110491
    published 2018-06-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110491
    title KB4284880: Windows 10 Version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 June 2018 Security Update
refmap via4
bid 104340
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8234
sectrack 1041097
Last major update 14-06-2018 - 08:29
Published 14-06-2018 - 08:29
Last modified 02-08-2018 - 09:59
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