ID CVE-2018-0815
Summary The Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) in Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1 and Windows 7 SP1 allows an elevation of privilege vulnerability due to the way objects are handled in memory, aka "Windows GDI Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability". This CVE is unique from CVE-2018-0816, and CVE-2018-0817.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1
CVSS
Base: 6.9
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-0815
impact Elevation of Privilege
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE
knowledgebase_id
name Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
publishedDate 2018-03-13T07:00:00
severity Important
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_MAR_4088875.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4088878 or cumulative update 4088875. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An vulnerability exists within microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and indirect branch prediction, which may allow an attacker with local user access to disclose information via a side-channel analysis. Note: this patch applies to only 32-bit Windows 7 systems. (CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753, CVE-2017-5754) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Remote Assistance incorrectly processes XML External Entities (XXE). An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0878) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0929) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Shell does not properly validate file copy destinations. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-0883) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Microsoft Video Control mishandles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in system mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-0881) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0927, CVE-2018-0932) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0889, CVE-2018-0935) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer fails a check, allowing sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Internet Explorer handles zone and integrity settings. (CVE-2018-0942) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory. (CVE-2018-0811, CVE-2018-0813, CVE-2018-0814) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2018-0885) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel that could allow an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could retrieve the memory address of a kernel object. (CVE-2018-0894, CVE-2018-0895, CVE-2018-0896, CVE-2018-0897, CVE-2018-0898, CVE-2018-0899, CVE-2018-0900, CVE-2018-0901, CVE-2018-0904) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-0868) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could relay user credentials and use them to execute code on the target system. CredSSP is an authentication provider which processes authentication requests for other applications; any application which depends on CredSSP for authentication may be vulnerable to this type of attack. As an example of how an attacker would exploit this vulnerability against Remote Desktop Protocol, the attacker would need to run a specially crafted application and perform a man-in-the-middle attack against a Remote Desktop Protocol session. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) validates requests during the authentication process. To be fully protected against this vulnerability users must enable Group Policy settings on their systems and update their Remote Desktop clients. The Group Policy settings are disabled by default to prevent connectivity problems and users must follow the instructions documented HERE to be fully protected. (CVE-2018-0886) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-0815, CVE-2018-0816, CVE-2018-0817) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-0888) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the scripting engine does not properly handle objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0891)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 108290
    published 2018-03-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=108290
    title KB4088878: Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 March 2018 Security Update (Meltdown)(Spectre)
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_MAR_WIN2008.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security updates. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Remote Assistance incorrectly processes XML External Entities (XXE). An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0878) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0929) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Shell does not properly validate file copy destinations. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-0883) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory. (CVE-2018-0811, CVE-2018-0813, CVE-2018-0814) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2018-0885) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel that could allow an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could retrieve the memory address of a kernel object. (CVE-2018-0894, CVE-2018-0895, CVE-2018-0896, CVE-2018-0897, CVE-2018-0898, CVE-2018-0899, CVE-2018-0900, CVE-2018-0901, CVE-2018-0904) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-0868) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could relay user credentials and use them to execute code on the target system. CredSSP is an authentication provider which processes authentication requests for other applications; any application which depends on CredSSP for authentication may be vulnerable to this type of attack. As an example of how an attacker would exploit this vulnerability against Remote Desktop Protocol, the attacker would need to run a specially crafted application and perform a man-in-the-middle attack against a Remote Desktop Protocol session. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) validates requests during the authentication process. To be fully protected against this vulnerability users must enable Group Policy settings on their systems and update their Remote Desktop clients. The Group Policy settings are disabled by default to prevent connectivity problems and users must follow the instructions documented HERE to be fully protected. (CVE-2018-0886) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-0815, CVE-2018-0816, CVE-2018-0817) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-0888)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-08-13
    plugin id 108300
    published 2018-03-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=108300
    title Security Updates for Windows Server 2008 (March 2018)
refmap via4
bid 103234
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-0815
sectrack 1040515
Last major update 14-03-2018 - 13:29
Published 14-03-2018 - 13:29
Last modified 06-04-2018 - 13:31
Back to Top