ID CVE-2017-8531
Summary Graphics in Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT 8.1, Windows 10 Gold, 1511, 1607, 1703, Windows Server 2016, Microsoft Office 2007 Service Pack 3, and Microsoft Office 2010 Service Pack 2 allows improper disclosure of memory contents, aka "Graphics Uniscribe Information Disclosure Vulnerability". This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2017-0286, CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289, CVE-2017-8532, and CVE-2017-8533.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Office 2007 Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2007:sp3
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2010:sp2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:office:2010:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
  • Microsoft Windows RT 8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1703
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1703
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1511
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1511
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
CVSS
Base: 4.3
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2017-8531
impact Information Disclosure
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE https://support.microsoft.com/help/4022725
knowledgebase_id 4022725
name Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
publishedDate 2017-06-13T07:00:00
severity Important
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS17_JUN_WIN2008.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing multiple security updates. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the user's system. (CVE-2016-3326) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the user's system.(CVE-2017-0167) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation due to a failure to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker on a guest operating system can exploit this to gain elevated privileges on the guest. Note that the host operating system is not vulnerable. (CVE-2017-0193) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Office due to improper validation of user-supplied input before loading dynamic link library (DLL) files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0260) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0282, CVE-2017-0284, CVE-2017-0285, CVE-2017-8534) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe software due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0283, CVE-2017-8528) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper handling of cabinet files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted cabinet file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0294) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in tdx.sys due to a failure to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-0296) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the base address of the kernel driver. (CVE-2017-0299, CVE-2017-0300, CVE-2017-8462, CVE-2017-8485) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of shortcuts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to insert a removable drive containing a malicious shortcut and binary, to automatically execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8464) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8469, CVE-2017-8470, CVE-2017-8471, CVE-2017-8472, CVE-2017-8473, CVE-2017-8475, CVE-2017-8476, CVE-2017-8477, CVE-2017-8478, CVE-2017-8479, CVE-2017-8480, CVE-2017-8481, CVE-2017-8482, CVE-2017-8483, CVE-2017-8484, CVE-2017-8488, CVE-2017-8489, CVE-2017-8491, CVE-2017-8492) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way JavaScript engines render when handling objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8517) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory. This vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8519) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows font library due to improper handling of embedded fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8527) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8531, CVE-2017-8532, CVE-2017-8533) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8543) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8544) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8553, CVE-2017-8554)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 100786
    published 2017-06-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=100786
    title Windows 2008 June 2017 Multiple Security Updates
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS17_JUN_4022726.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4022717 or cumulative update 4022726. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation due to a failure to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker on a guest operating system can exploit this to gain elevated privileges on the guest. Note that the host operating system is not vulnerable. (CVE-2017-0193) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0282, CVE-2017-0284, CVE-2017-0285) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0283, CVE-2017-8528) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289, CVE-2017-8531, CVE-2017-8532, CVE-2017-8533) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0291, CVE-2017-0292) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper handling of cabinet files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted cabinet file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0294) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in tdx.sys due to a failure to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-0296) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2017-0297) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the DCOM object in Helppane.exe, when configured to run as the interactive user, due to a failure to properly authenticate the client. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to run arbitrary code in another user's session after that user has logged on to the same system using Terminal Services or Fast User Switching. (CVE-2017-0298) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the base address of the kernel driver. (CVE-2017-0299, CVE-2017-0300, CVE-2017-8462, CVE-2017-8485) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8460) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of shortcuts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to insert a removable drive containing a malicious shortcut and binary, to automatically execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8464) - Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel-mode driver due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-8465, CVE-2017-8466, CVE-2017-8468) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8469, CVE-2017-8470, CVE-2017-8471, CVE-2017-8473, CVE-2017-8474, CVE-2017-8475, CVE-2017-8476, CVE-2017-8477, CVE-2017-8478, CVE-2017-8479, CVE-2017-8480, CVE-2017-8481, CVE-2017-8482, CVE-2017-8483, CVE-2017-8484, CVE-2017-8488, CVE-2017-8489, CVE-2017-8490, CVE-2017-8491, CVE-2017-8492) - A security bypass vulnerability exists due to a failure to enforce case sensitivity for certain variable checks. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to bypass Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) variable security. (CVE-2017-8493) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows font library due to improper handling of embedded fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8527) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8543) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8544) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8553, CVE-2017-8554)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-30
    plugin id 100764
    published 2017-06-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=100764
    title Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 June 2017 Security Updates
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS17_JUN_4022719.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4022722 or cumulative update 4022719. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation due to a failure to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker on a guest operating system can exploit this to gain elevated privileges on the guest. Note that the host operating system is not vulnerable. (CVE-2017-0193) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Office due to improper validation of user-supplied input before loading dynamic link library (DLL) files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0260) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0282, CVE-2017-0284, CVE-2017-0285, CVE-2017-8534) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe software due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0283, CVE-2017-8528) - Mutiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0286, CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289, CVE-2017-8531, CVE-2017-8532, CVE-2017-8533) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper handling of cabinet files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted cabinet file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0294) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in tdx.sys due to a failure to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-0296) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2017-0297) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the DCOM object in Helppane.exe, when configured to run as the interactive user, due to a failure to properly authenticate the client. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to run arbitrary code in another user's session after that user has logged on to the same system using Terminal Services or Fast User Switching. (CVE-2017-0298) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the base address of the kernel driver. (CVE-2017-0299, CVE-2017-0300, CVE-2017-8462) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of shortcuts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to insert a removable drive containing a malicious shortcut and binary, to automatically execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8464) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8469, CVE-2017-8470, CVE-2017-8471, CVE-2017-8472, CVE-2017-8473, CVE-2017-8475, CVE-2017-8476, CVE-2017-8477, CVE-2017-8478, CVE-2017-8479, CVE-2017-8480, CVE-2017-8481, CVE-2017-8482, CVE-2017-8483, CVE-2017-8484, CVE-2017-8485, CVE-2017-8488, CVE-2017-8489, CVE-2017-8490, CVE-2017-8491, CVE-2017-8492) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Internet Explorer due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8519, CVE-2017-8547) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers in the JavaScript engines due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8524) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows font library due to improper handling of embedded fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8527) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers in the scripting engines due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose files on a user's computer. (CVE-2017-8529) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8543) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8544) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8553, CVE-2017-8554)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-30
    plugin id 100761
    published 2017-06-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=100761
    title Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 June 2017 Security Updates
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS17_JUN_4022724.NASL
    description