ID CVE-2017-8498
Summary Microsoft Edge in Windows 10 1607 and 1703, and Windows Server 2016 allows an attacker to read data not intended to be disclosed when Edge allows JavaScript XML DOM objects to detect installed browser extensions, aka "Microsoft Edge Information Disclosure Vulnerability". This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2017-8504.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Edge
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:edge
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1703
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1703
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
CVSS
Base: 4.3
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2017-8498
impact Information Disclosure
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE https://support.microsoft.com/help/4022725
knowledgebase_id 4022725
name Microsoft Edge
publishedDate 2017-06-13T07:00:00
severity Moderate
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS17_JUN_4022725.NASL
    description The remote Windows 10 version 1703 host is missing security update KB4022725. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0282, CVE-2017-0285) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Uniscribe software due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0283) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289, CVE-2017-8531, CVE-2017-8532, CVE-2017-8533) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0291, CVE-2017-0292) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper handling of cabinet files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted cabinet file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0294) - A flaw exists in Microsoft Windows due to incorrect permissions being set on folders inside the DEFAULT folder structure. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by logging in to the affected system before the user can log in, to modify the user's DEFAULT folder contents. (CVE-2017-0295) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in tdx.sys due to a failure to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-0296) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2017-0297) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the DCOM object in Helppane.exe, when configured to run as the interactive user, due to a failure to properly authenticate the client. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to run arbitrary code in another user's session after that user has logged on to the same system using Terminal Services or Fast User Switching. (CVE-2017-0298) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the base address of the kernel driver. (CVE-2017-0299, CVE-2017-0300, CVE-2017-8462, CVE-2017-8485) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8460) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of shortcuts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to insert a removable drive containing a malicious shortcut and binary, to automatically execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8464) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel-mode driver due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-8465) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8470, CVE-2017-8471, CVE-2017-8474, CVE-2017-8475, CVE-2017-8476, CVE-2017-8477, CVE-2017-8478, CVE-2017-8479, CVE-2017-8480, CVE-2017-8481, CVE-2017-8482, CVE-2017-8483, CVE-2017-8484, CVE-2017-8489, CVE-2017-8490, CVE-2017-8491, CVE-2017-8492) - A security bypass vulnerability exists due to a failure to enforce case sensitivity for certain variable checks. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to bypass Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) variable security. (CVE-2017-8493) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge due to improper handling of JavaScript XML DOM objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8498) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge in the JavaScript scripting engine due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft Office document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8499) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge in the Fetch API due to improper handling of filtered response types. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose sensitive information in the URL of a cross-origin request. (CVE-2017-8504) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of kernel mode requests. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted kernel mode request, to cause the machine to stop responding or rebooting. (CVE-2017-8515) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft browsers in the JavaScript engines due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8517, CVE-2017-8522, CVE-2017-8524, CVE-2017-8548) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft Edge in the JavaScript scripting engine due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8520, CVE-2017-8521, CVE-2017-8549) - A same-origin policy bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge due to a failure to properly apply the Same Origin Policy for HTML elements. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to follow a link, to load a page with malicious content. (CVE-2017-8523) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows font library due to improper handling of embedded fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8527) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers in the scripting engines due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose files on a user's computer. (CVE-2017-8529)* - A same-origin policy bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge due to a failure to properly enforce same-origin policies. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose information from origins outside the current one. (CVE-2017-8530) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8543) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8544) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8547) - A security bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge in the Content Security Policy (CSP) due to improper validation of documents. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to follow a link, to cause the user to load a malicious website. (CVE-2017-8555) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Graphics component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8575) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Graphics component due to improper initialization of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2017-8576) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists DirectX due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2017-8576) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8554) * note that a registry value must be added to enable the fix for CVE-2017-8529. if the patch is installed but not enabled, the registry key needed will be detailed in the output below.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 100763
    published 2017-06-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=100763
    title KB4022725: Windows 10 Version 1703 June 2017 Cumulative Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS17_JUN_4022715.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update KB4022715. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - Multiple security bypass vulnerabilities exist in Device Guard. A local attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted script, to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy and inject arbitrary code into a trusted PowerShell process. (CVE-2017-0173, CVE-2017-0215, CVE-2017-0216, CVE-2017-0218, CVE-2017-0219) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation due to a failure to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker on a guest operating system can exploit this to gain elevated privileges on the guest. Note that the host operating system is not vulnerable. (CVE-2017-0193) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0282, CVE-2017-0284, CVE-2017-0285) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Uniscribe software due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0283) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted document, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289, CVE-2017-8531, CVE-2017-8532, CVE-2017-8533) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0291, CVE-2017-0292) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper handling of cabinet files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted cabinet file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-0294) - A flaw exists in Microsoft Windows due to incorrect permissions being set on folders inside the DEFAULT folder structure. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by logging in to the affected system before the user can log in, to modify the user's DEFAULT folder contents. (CVE-2017-0295) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in tdx.sys due to a failure to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-0296) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2017-0297) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the DCOM object in Helppane.exe, when configured to run as the interactive user, due to a failure to properly authenticate the client. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to run arbitrary code in another user's session after that user has logged on to the same system using Terminal Services or Fast User Switching. (CVE-2017-0298) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the base address of the kernel driver. (CVE-2017-0299, CVE-2017-0300, CVE-2017-8462, CVE-2017-8485) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8460) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of shortcuts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to insert a removable drive containing a malicious shortcut and binary, to automatically execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8464) - Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel-mode driver due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-8465, CVE-2017-8466, CVE-2017-8468) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8470, CVE-2017-8471, CVE-2017-8473, CVE-2017-8474, CVE-2017-8475, CVE-2017-8476, CVE-2017-8477, CVE-2017-8478, CVE-2017-8479, CVE-2017-8480, CVE-2017-8481, CVE-2017-8482, CVE-2017-8483, CVE-2017-8484, CVE-2017-8489, CVE-2017-8490, CVE-2017-8491, CVE-2017-8492) - A security bypass vulnerability exists due to a failure to enforce case sensitivity for certain variable checks. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to bypass Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) variable security. (CVE-2017-8493) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Secure Kernel Mode feature due to a failure to properly handle objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to bypass virtual trust levels (VTL). (CVE-2017-8494) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft Edge due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8496, CVE-2017-8497) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge due to improper handling of JavaScript XML DOM objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8498) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge in the Fetch API due to improper handling of filtered response types. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose sensitive information in the URL of a cross-origin request. (CVE-2017-8504) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows due to improper handling of kernel mode requests. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted kernel mode request, to cause the machine to stop responding or rebooting. (CVE-2017-8515) - Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in Microsoft browsers in the JavaScript engines due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8517, CVE-2017-8522, CVE-2017-8524, CVE-2017-8548) - A same-origin policy bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge due to a failure to properly apply the Same Origin Policy for HTML elements. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to follow a link, to load a page with malicious content. (CVE-2017-8523) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows font library due to improper handling of embedded fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8527) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers in the scripting engines due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose files on a user's computer. (CVE-2017-8529)* - A same-origin policy bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge due to a failure to properly enforce same-origin policies. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to disclose information from origins outside the current one. (CVE-2017-8530) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8543) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8544) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8547) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge in the JavaScript scripting engine due to improper handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8549) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8553, CVE-2017-8554) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Graphics component due to improper handling of objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8575) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Graphics component due to improper initialization of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2017-8576) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists DirectX due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2017-8576) * note that a registry value must be added to enable the fix for CVE-2017-8529. if the patch is installed but not enabled, the registry key needed will be detailed in the output below.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-30
    plugin id 100760
    published 2017-06-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=100760
    title KB4022715: Windows 10 Version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 June 2017 Cumulative Update
refmap via4
bid 98886
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2017-8498
the hacker news via4
id THN:4220A2AF1052C7831C6C2F36BFA4CD47
last seen 2018-01-27
modified 2017-06-14
published 2017-06-13
reporter Swati Khandelwal
source https://thehackernews.com/2017/06/security-patch-tuesday.html
title Microsoft Issues Updates for 96 Vulnerabilities You Need to Patch this Month
Last major update 14-06-2017 - 21:29
Published 14-06-2017 - 21:29
Last modified 21-06-2017 - 10:28
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