ID CVE-2018-8280
Summary A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge, aka "Chakra Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft Edge, ChakraCore. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2018-8286, CVE-2018-8290, CVE-2018-8294.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Edge
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:edge
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1703
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1703
  • Microsoft Windows 10 1709
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1709
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1803
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1803
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016
  • Microsoft ChakraCore 1.10.0
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:chakracore:1.10.0
CVSS
Base: 7.6
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8280
impact Remote Code Execution
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE
knowledgebase_id
name ChakraCore
publishedDate 2018-07-10T07:00:00
severity Critical
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUL_4338825.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4338825. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in .NET Framework which could allow an attacker to elevate their privilege level. (CVE-2018-8202) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8242, CVE-2018-8296) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8125, CVE-2018-8274, CVE-2018-8275, CVE-2018-8279, CVE-2018-8301) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. (CVE-2018-8304) - A Remote Code Execution vulnerability exists in .NET software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8260) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8309) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8297, CVE-2018-8324) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8282) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles File Transfer Protocol (FTP) connections. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8206) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8222) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Internet Explorer improperly handles requests involving UNC resources. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to load data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0949) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8308) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft WordPad improperly handles embedded OLE objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could bypass content blocking. In a file- sharing attack scenario, an attacker could provide a specially crafted document file designed to exploit the vulnerability, and then convince a user to open the document file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft WordPad handles input. (CVE-2018-8307) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in the Microsoft Chakra scripting engine that allows Control Flow Guard (CFG) to be bypassed. By itself, the CFG bypass vulnerability does not allow arbitrary code execution. However, an attacker could use the CFG bypass vulnerability in conjunction with another vulnerability, such as a remote code execution vulnerability, to run arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8276) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-8313) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8287, CVE-2018-8288, CVE-2018-8291) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft .NET Framework fails to validate input properly. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8284) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8280, CVE-2018-8286, CVE-2018-8290) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework components do not correctly validate certificates. An attacker could present expired certificates when challenged. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring that .NET Framework components correctly validate certificates. (CVE-2018-8356)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-05
    plugin id 110984
    published 2018-07-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110984
    title KB4338825: Windows 10 Version 1709 and Windows Server Version 1709 July 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUL_4338829.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4338829. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8242, CVE-2018-8296) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. (CVE-2018-8304) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8309) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8280, CVE-2018-8290) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8282) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles File Transfer Protocol (FTP) connections. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8206) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8125) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8222) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Internet Explorer improperly handles requests involving UNC resources. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to load data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0949) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8308) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft WordPad improperly handles embedded OLE objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could bypass content blocking. In a file- sharing attack scenario, an attacker could provide a specially crafted document file designed to exploit the vulnerability, and then convince a user to open the document file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft WordPad handles input. (CVE-2018-8307) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in .NET Framework which could allow an attacker to elevate their privilege level. (CVE-2018-8202) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-8313) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8287, CVE-2018-8288, CVE-2018-8291) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft .NET Framework fails to validate input properly. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8284) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows fails a check, allowing a sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution. However, the vulnerability could allow arbitrary code to run if an attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability, such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability, that can leverage the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows file picker handles paths. (CVE-2018-8314) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework components do not correctly validate certificates. An attacker could present expired certificates when challenged. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring that .NET Framework components correctly validate certificates. (CVE-2018-8356)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-08-16
    plugin id 110986
    published 2018-07-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110986
    title KB4338829: Windows 10 July 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUL_4338814.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4338814. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in .NET Framework which could allow an attacker to elevate their privilege level. (CVE-2018-8202) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8242, CVE-2018-8296) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. (CVE-2018-8304) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8309) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8280, CVE-2018-8290) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8282) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8125, CVE-2018-8275) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles File Transfer Protocol (FTP) connections. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8206) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8222) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Internet Explorer improperly handles requests involving UNC resources. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to load data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0949) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8308) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft WordPad improperly handles embedded OLE objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could bypass content blocking. In a file- sharing attack scenario, an attacker could provide a specially crafted document file designed to exploit the vulnerability, and then convince a user to open the document file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft WordPad handles input. (CVE-2018-8307) - A Remote Code Execution vulnerability exists in .NET software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8260) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-8313) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8287, CVE-2018-8288, CVE-2018-8291) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft .NET Framework fails to validate input properly. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8284) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework components do not correctly validate certificates. An attacker could present expired certificates when challenged. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring that .NET Framework components correctly validate certificates. (CVE-2018-8356)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-08-16
    plugin id 110980
    published 2018-07-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110980
    title KB4338814: Windows 10 Version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 July 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUL_4338826.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4338826. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in .NET Framework which could allow an attacker to elevate their privilege level. (CVE-2018-8202) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8125, CVE-2018-8274, CVE-2018-8275, CVE-2018-8279) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8242, CVE-2018-8296) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. (CVE-2018-8304) - A Remote Code Execution vulnerability exists in .NET software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8260) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8309) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8282) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8222) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles File Transfer Protocol (FTP) connections. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8206) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Internet Explorer improperly handles requests involving UNC resources. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to load data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0949) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8324) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8308) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft WordPad improperly handles embedded OLE objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could bypass content blocking. In a file- sharing attack scenario, an attacker could provide a specially crafted document file designed to exploit the vulnerability, and then convince a user to open the document file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft WordPad handles input. (CVE-2018-8307) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in the Microsoft Chakra scripting engine that allows Control Flow Guard (CFG) to be bypassed. By itself, the CFG bypass vulnerability does not allow arbitrary code execution. However, an attacker could use the CFG bypass vulnerability in conjunction with another vulnerability, such as a remote code execution vulnerability, to run arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8276) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-8313) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8287, CVE-2018-8288, CVE-2018-8291) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft .NET Framework fails to validate input properly. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8284) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8280, CVE-2018-8286, CVE-2018-8290) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework components do not correctly validate certificates. An attacker could present expired certificates when challenged. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring that .NET Framework components correctly validate certificates. (CVE-2018-8356)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-08-16
    plugin id 110985
    published 2018-07-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110985
    title KB4338826: Windows 10 Version 1703 July 2018 Security Update
  • NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
    NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_JUL_4338819.NASL
    description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4338819. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in .NET Framework which could allow an attacker to elevate their privilege level. (CVE-2018-8202) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework components do not correctly validate certificates. An attacker could present expired certificates when challenged. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring that .NET Framework components correctly validate certificates. (CVE-2018-8356) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8242, CVE-2018-8296) - A Remote Code Execution vulnerability exists in .NET software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8260) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8309) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8280, CVE-2018-8286, CVE-2018-8290, CVE-2018-8294) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8282) - A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles File Transfer Protocol (FTP) connections. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8206) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8289, CVE-2018-8297, CVE-2018-8324, CVE-2018-8325) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine. (CVE-2018-8222) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Internet Explorer improperly handles requests involving UNC resources. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to load data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0949) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8308) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft WordPad improperly handles embedded OLE objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could bypass content blocking. In a file- sharing attack scenario, an attacker could provide a specially crafted document file designed to exploit the vulnerability, and then convince a user to open the document file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft WordPad handles input. (CVE-2018-8307) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in the Microsoft Chakra scripting engine that allows Control Flow Guard (CFG) to be bypassed. By itself, the CFG bypass vulnerability does not allow arbitrary code execution. However, an attacker could use the CFG bypass vulnerability in conjunction with another vulnerability, such as a remote code execution vulnerability, to run arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8276) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality. (CVE-2018-8313) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8287, CVE-2018-8288, CVE-2018-8291) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8125, CVE-2018-8262, CVE-2018-8274, CVE-2018-8275, CVE-2018-8279, CVE-2018-8301) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft .NET Framework fails to validate input properly. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8284) - A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2018-8278)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-05
    plugin id 110983
    published 2018-07-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=110983
    title KB4338819: Windows 10 Version 1803 and Windows Server Version 1803 July 2018 Security Update
refmap via4
bid 104642
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-8280
sectrack 1041256
the hacker news via4
id THN:482268607F3476C1920BBF880270C854
last seen 2018-07-10
modified 2018-07-10
published 2018-07-10
reporter The Hacker News
source https://thehackernews.com/2018/07/microsoft-security-patch-update.html
title Microsoft Releases Patch Updates for 53 Vulnerabilities In Its Software
Last major update 10-07-2018 - 20:29
Published 10-07-2018 - 20:29
Last modified 02-08-2018 - 10:42
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