ID CVE-2018-12437
Summary LibTomCrypt through 1.18.1 allows a memory-cache side-channel attack on ECDSA signatures, aka the Return Of the Hidden Number Problem or ROHNP. To discover an ECDSA key, the attacker needs access to either the local machine or a different virtual machine on the same physical host.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:a:botan_project:botan
    cpe:2.3:a:botan_project:botan
  • cpe:2.3:a:cryptlib:cryptlib
    cpe:2.3:a:cryptlib:cryptlib
  • cpe:2.3:a:gnupg:libgcrypt
    cpe:2.3:a:gnupg:libgcrypt
  • cpe:2.3:a:google:boringssl
    cpe:2.3:a:google:boringssl
  • cpe:2.3:a:libsunec_project:libsunec
    cpe:2.3:a:libsunec_project:libsunec
  • cpe:2.3:a:libtom:libtomcrypt:1.18.1
    cpe:2.3:a:libtom:libtomcrypt:1.18.1
  • cpe:2.3:a:matrixssl:matrixssl
    cpe:2.3:a:matrixssl:matrixssl
  • Mozilla Network Security Services
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:network_security_services
  • cpe:2.3:a:openbsd:libressl
    cpe:2.3:a:openbsd:libressl
  • OpenSSL Project OpenSSL
    cpe:2.3:a:openssl:openssl
  • cpe:2.3:a:wolfssl:wolfcrypt
    cpe:2.3:a:wolfssl:wolfcrypt
CVSS
Base: 1.9
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
nessus via4
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2018-39E0872379.NASL
    description - Fix Side Channel Based ECDSA Key Extraction (CVE-2018-12437) (PR #408) - Fix potential stack overflow when DER flexi-decoding (CVE-2018-0739) (PR #373) - Fix two-key 3DES (PR #390) - Fix accelerated CTR mode (PR #359) - Fix Fortuna PRNG (PR #363) - Fix compilation on platforms where cc doesn't point to gcc (PR #382) - Fix using the wrong environment variable LT instead of LIBTOOL (PR #392) - Fix build on platforms where the compiler provides WCHAR_MAX but wchar.h is not available (PR #390) - Fix & re-factor crypt_list_all_sizes() and crypt_list_all_constants() (PR #414) - Minor fixes (PR's #350 #351 #375 #377 #378 #379) Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora update system website. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-09-05
    plugin id 111238
    published 2018-07-24
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=111238
    title Fedora 27 : libtomcrypt (2018-39e0872379)
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2018-9D667BDFF8.NASL
    description - Fix Side Channel Based ECDSA Key Extraction (CVE-2018-12437) (PR #408) - Fix potential stack overflow when DER flexi-decoding (CVE-2018-0739) (PR #373) - Fix two-key 3DES (PR #390) - Fix accelerated CTR mode (PR #359) - Fix Fortuna PRNG (PR #363) - Fix compilation on platforms where cc doesn't point to gcc (PR #382) - Fix using the wrong environment variable LT instead of LIBTOOL (PR #392) - Fix build on platforms where the compiler provides __WCHAR_MAX__ but wchar.h is not available (PR #390) - Fix & re-factor crypt_list_all_sizes() and crypt_list_all_constants() (PR #414) - Minor fixes (PR's #350 #351 #375 #377 #378 #379) Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora update system website. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-03
    plugin id 120655
    published 2019-01-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=120655
    title Fedora 28 : libtomcrypt (2018-9d667bdff8)
refmap via4
misc https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-return-of-the-hidden-number-problem/
Last major update 14-06-2018 - 22:29
Published 14-06-2018 - 22:29
Last modified 09-08-2018 - 07:28
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