ID CVE-2018-0828
Summary Windows 10 version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 allow an elevation of privilege vulnerability due to how the MultiPoint management account password is stored, aka "Windows Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability".
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1607
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2016
CVSS
Base: 4.6
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
msbulletin via4
bulletin_SOURCE_FILE https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us/
cves_url https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-0828
impact Elevation of Privilege
knowledgebase_SOURCE_FILE
knowledgebase_id
name Windows Server 2016 (Server Core installation)
publishedDate 2018-02-13T08:00:00
severity Important
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS18_FEB_4074590.NASL
description The remote Windows host is missing security update 4074590. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An vulnerability exists within microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and indirect branch prediction, which may allow an attacker with local user access to disclose information via a side-channel analysis. (CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753, CVE-2017-5754) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0866) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0757, CVE-2018-0829, CVE-2018-0830) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-0842) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in StructuredQuery when the software fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-0825) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Storage Services improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0826) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly handles objects. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0822) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0834, CVE-2018-0835, CVE-2018-0837, CVE-2018-0838, CVE-2018-0857, CVE-2018-0859, CVE-2018-0860, CVE-2018-0861) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when AppContainer improperly implements constrained impersonation. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0821) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the MultiPoint management account password is improperly secured. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2018-0828) - A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0840) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel that could allow an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could retrieve the memory address of a kernel object. (CVE-2018-0832) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists when VBScript improperly discloses the contents of its memory, which could provide an attacker with information to further compromise the users computer or data. (CVE-2018-0847) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Common Log File System (CLFS) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0844, CVE-2018-0846) - A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0771) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-0742, CVE-2018-0756, CVE-2018-0820, CVE-2018-0831)
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2019-01-30
plugin id 106796
published 2018-02-13
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=106796
title KB4074590: Windows 10 Version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 February 2018 Security Update (Meltdown)(Spectre)
refmap via4
bid 102935
confirm https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2018-0828
sectrack 1040373
Last major update 14-02-2018 - 21:29
Published 14-02-2018 - 21:29
Last modified 14-03-2018 - 10:02
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