ID CVE-2017-8810
Summary MediaWiki before 1.27.4, 1.28.x before 1.28.3, and 1.29.x before 1.29.2, when a private wiki is configured, provides different error messages for failed login attempts depending on whether the username exists, which allows remote attackers to enumerate account names and conduct brute-force attacks via a series of requests.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • MediaWiki 1.27.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mediawiki:mediawiki:1.27.3
  • MediaWiki 1.28.0
    cpe:2.3:a:mediawiki:mediawiki:1.28.0
  • MediaWiki 1.28.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mediawiki:mediawiki:1.28.1
  • MediaWiki 1.28.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mediawiki:mediawiki:1.28.2
  • MediaWiki 1.29.0
    cpe:2.3:a:mediawiki:mediawiki:1.29.0
  • MediaWiki 1.29.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mediawiki:mediawiki:1.29.1
  • Debian Linux 9.0
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:9.0
CVSS
Base: 5.0
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
nessus via4
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-4036.NASL
    description Multiple security vulnerabilities have been discovered in MediaWiki, a website engine for collaborative work : - CVE-2017-8808 Cross-site-scripting with non-standard URL escaping and $wgShowExceptionDetails disabled. - CVE-2017-8809 Reflected file download in API. - CVE-2017-8810 On private wikis the login form didn't distinguish between login failure due to bad username and bad password. - CVE-2017-8811 It was possible to mangle HTML via raw message parameter expansion. - CVE-2017-8812 id attributes in headlines allowed raw '>'. - CVE-2017-8814 Language converter could be tricked into replacing text inside tags. - CVE-2017-8815 Unsafe attribute injection via glossary rules in language converter.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 104588
    published 2017-11-16
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=104588
    title Debian DSA-4036-1 : mediawiki - security update
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_298829E2CCCE11E792E4000C29649F92.NASL
    description mediawiki reports : security fixes : T128209: Reflected File Download from api.php. Reported by Abdullah Hussam. T165846: BotPasswords doesn't throttle login attempts. T134100: On private wikis, login form shouldn't distinguish between login failure due to bad username and bad password. T178451: XSS when $wgShowExceptionDetails = false and browser sends non-standard url escaping. T176247: It's possible to mangle HTML via raw message parameter expansion. T125163: id attribute on headlines allow raw. T124404: language converter can be tricked into replacing text inside tags by adding a lot of junk after the rule definition. T119158: Language converter: unsafe attribute injection via glossary rules. T180488: api.log contains passwords in plaintext wasn't correctly fixed. T180231: composer.json has require-dev versions of PHPUnit with known security issues. Reported by Tom Hutchison.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 104693
    published 2017-11-20
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=104693
    title FreeBSD : mediawiki -- multiple vulnerabilities (298829e2-ccce-11e7-92e4-000c29649f92)
refmap via4
confirm https://lists.wikimedia.org/pipermail/mediawiki-announce/2017-November/000216.html
debian DSA-4036
sectrack 1039812
Last major update 15-11-2017 - 03:29
Published 15-11-2017 - 03:29
Last modified 28-11-2017 - 11:58
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