ID CVE-2017-2491
Summary Use after free vulnerability in the String.replace method JavaScriptCore in Apple Safari in iOS before 10.3 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web page, or a crafted file.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple iPhone OS 10.2.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:iphone_os:10.2.1
CVSS
Base: 6.8
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-284
CAPEC
  • Embedding Scripts within Scripts
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that are brought on by allowing remote hosts to execute scripts. The attacker leverages this capability to execute scripts to execute his/her own script by embedding it within other scripts that the target software is likely to execute. The attacker must have the ability to inject script into script that is likely to be executed. If this is done, then the attacker can potentially launch a variety of probes and attacks against the web server's local environment, in many cases the so-called DMZ, back end resources the web server can communicate with, and other hosts. With the proliferation of intermediaries, such as Web App Firewalls, network devices, and even printers having JVMs and Web servers, there are many locales where an attacker can inject malicious scripts. Since this attack pattern defines scripts within scripts, there are likely privileges to execute said attack on the host. Of course, these attacks are not solely limited to the server side, client side scripts like Ajax and client side JavaScript can contain malicious scripts as well. In general all that is required is for there to be sufficient privileges to execute a script, but not protected against writing.
  • Signature Spoofing by Key Theft
    An attacker obtains an authoritative or reputable signer's private signature key by theft and then uses this key to forge signatures from the original signer to mislead a victim into performing actions that benefit the attacker.
exploit-db via4
description Apple Safari 10.0.3 - 'JSC::CachedCall' Use-After-Free. CVE-2017-2491. Remote exploit for macOS platform
file exploits/macos/remote/41964.html
id EDB-ID:41964
last seen 2017-05-05
modified 2017-05-04
platform macos
port
published 2017-05-04
reporter Exploit-DB
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/41964/
title Apple Safari 10.0.3 - 'JSC::CachedCall' Use-After-Free
type remote
nessus via4
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_SAFARI10_1.NASL
    description The version of Apple Safari installed on the remote macOS or Mac OS X host is prior to 10.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An out-of-bounds read error exists in WebKit when handling certain JavaScript code. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the disclosure of memory contents. (CVE-2016-9642) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling certain regular expressions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted web page, to exhaust available memory resources. (CVE-2016-9643) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in WebKit when handling page loading due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2364, CVE-2017-2367) - An unspecified state management flaw exists that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to spoof the address bar. (CVE-2017-2376) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the Web Inspector component when closing a window while the debugger is paused. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to terminate the application. (CVE-2017-2377) - An unspecified flaw exists in WebKit when creating bookmarks using drag-and-drop due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted link, to spoof bookmarks or potentially execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2378) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Login AutofFill component that allows a local attacker to access keychain items. (CVE-2017-2385) - Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in WebKit when handling unspecified exceptions or elements. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, via specially crafted web content, to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2386, CVE-2017-2479, CVE-2017-2480) - An unspecified flaw exists in the handling of HTTP authentication that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to disclose authentication sheets on arbitrary websites or cause a denial of service condition. (CVE-2017-2389) - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in WebKit that allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2394, CVE-2017-2395, CVE-2017-2396, CVE-2017-2433, CVE-2017-2454, CVE-2017-2455, CVE-2017-2459, CVE-2017-2460, CVE-2017-2464, CVE-2017-2465, CVE-2017-2466, CVE-2017-2468, CVE-2017-2469, CVE-2017-2470, CVE-2017-2476) - A memory corruption issue exists in WebKit within the Web Inspector component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2405) - An unspecified type confusion error exists that allows an unauthenticated remote attacker to execute arbitrary code by using specially crafted web content. (CVE-2017-2415) - A security bypass vulnerability exists in WebKit that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to bypass the Content Security Policy by using specially crafted web content. (CVE-2017-2419) - An unspecified flaw exists in WebKit when handling OpenGL shaders that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to disclose process memory content by using specially crafted web content. (CVE-2017-2424) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit JavaScript Bindings when handling page loading due to unspecified logic flaws. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2442) - A memory corruption issue exists in WebKit within the CoreGraphics component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2444) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling frame objects due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2445) - A flaw exists in WebKit due to non-strict mode functions that are called from built-in strict mode scripts not being properly restricted from calling sensitive native functions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2446) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in WebKit when handling the bound arguments array of a bound function. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to disclose memory contents. (CVE-2017-2447) - An unspecified flaw exists in FaceTime prompt handling due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to spoof user interface elements. (CVE-2017-2453) - A use-after-free error exists in WebKit when handling RenderBox objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2463) - An unspecified use-after-free error exists in WebKit that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker, via specially crafted web content, to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2471) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling frames due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2475) - A use-after-free error exists in WebKit when handling ElementData objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2481) - A use-after-free error exists in JavaScriptCore when handling the String.replace() method. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2491) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in JavaScriptCore due to an unspecified prototype flaw. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted web page, to execute arbitrary code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2492)
    last seen 2019-01-16
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 99167
    published 2017-04-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=99167
    title macOS : Apple Safari < 10.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Misc.
    NASL id APPLETV_10_2.NASL
    description According to its banner, the version of Apple TV on the remote device is prior to 10.2. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An out-of-bounds read error exists in LibTIFF in the DumpModeEncode() function within file tif_dumpmode.c. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to crash a process linked against the library or disclose memory contents. (CVE-2016-3619) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in WebKit when handling certain JavaScript code. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the disclosure of memory contents. (CVE-2016-9642) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling certain regular expressions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted web page, to exhaust available memory resources. (CVE-2016-9643) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling page loading due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2367) - A buffer overflow condition exists in the Carbon component when handling specially crafted DFONT files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2379) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling unspecified exceptions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2386) - A flaw exists in the libarchive component due to the insecure creation of temporary files. A local attacker can exploit this, by using a symlink attack against an unspecified file, to cause unexpected changes to be made to file system permissions. (CVE-2017-2390) - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in WebKit that allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2394, CVE-2017-2395, CVE-2017-2396, CVE-2017-2454, CVE-2017-2455, CVE-2017-2459, CVE-2017-2460, CVE-2017-2464, CVE-2017-2465, CVE-2017-2466, CVE-2017-2468, CVE-2017-2469, CVE-2017-2470, CVE-2017-2476) - A memory corruption issue exists in the Kernel component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution or arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2401) - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in the FontParser component when handling font files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these to cause a denial condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2406, CVE-2017-2407, CVE-2017-2487) - An unspecified type confusion error exists in WebKit that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code by using specially crafted web content. (CVE-2017-2415) - A memory corruption issue exists in the ImageIO component, specifically in the GIFReadPlugin::init() function, when handling image files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted image file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2416) - An infinite recursion condition exists in the CoreGraphics component when handling image files. An unauthenticated, remote can exploit this, via a specially crafted image file, to cause a denial of service condition. (CVE-2017-2417) - An unspecified flaw exists related to nghttp2 and LibreSSL. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to access a malicious HTTP/2 server, to have an unspecified impact on confidentiality, integrity, and availability. (CVE-2017-2428) - A type confusion error exists in the Audio component when parsing specially crafted M4A audio files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2430) - An integer overflow condition exists in the ImageIO component when handling JPEG files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2432) - A memory corruption issue exists in the CoreText component when handling font files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2435) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in the FontParser component when handling font files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to disclose process memory. (CVE-2017-2439) - An integer overflow condition exists in the Kernel component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2440) - A use-after-free error exists in libc++abi when demangling C++ applications. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2441) - A memory corruption issue exists in WebKit within the CoreGraphics component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2444) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling frame objects due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2445) - A flaw exists in WebKit due to non-strict mode functions that are called from built-in strict mode scripts not being properly restricted from calling sensitive native functions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2446) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in WebKit when handling the bound arguments array of a bound function. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to disclose memory contents. (CVE-2017-2447) - An unspecified flaw exists in the Security component due to improper validation of OTR packets under certain conditions. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit this to disclose and optionally manipulate transmitted data by spoofing the TLS/SSL server via a packet that appears to be valid. (CVE-2017-2448) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in CoreText component when handling font files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to disclose process memory. (CVE-2017-2450) - A buffer overflow condition exists in the Security component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with root root privileges. (CVE-2017-2451) - A race condition exists in the Kernel component when handling memory using the 'mach_msg' system call. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to cause a heap-based buffer overflow, resulting in a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with root privileges. CVE-2017-2456) - An buffer overflow condition exists in the Keyboards component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2458) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the CoreText component when handling specially crafted text messages due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to exhaust available resources on the system. (CVE-2017-2461) - A heap buffer overflow condition exists in the Audio component when parsing specially crafted M4A audio files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2462) - An memory corruption issue exists in the ImageIO component when handling specially crafted files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2467) - A use-after-free error exists in the Kernel component in the XNU port actions extension due to improper handling of port references in error cases. An local attacker can exploit this to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2472) - A signedness error exists in the Kernel component in the SIOCSIFORDER IOCTL due to improper validation of certain input. A local attacker can exploit this to cause an out-of-bounds read and memory corruption, resulting in a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2473) - A off-by-one overflow condition exists in the Kernel component in the SIOCSIFORDER IOCTL due to improper validation of certain input. A local attacker can exploit this to cause a heap-based buffer overflow, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2474) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling frames due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2475) - A race condition exists in the Kernel component in the necp_open() function when closing files descriptors due to improper handling of proc_fd locks. A local attacker can exploit this to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2478) - A use-after-free error exists in WebKit when handling ElementData objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2481) - A heap buffer overflow condition exists in the Kernel component within the Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF) BIOCSBLEN IOCTL due to improper validation of certain input when reattaching to an interface. A local attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2482) - An off-by-one error exists in the Kernel component, specifically in the audit_pipe_open() function, when handling auditpipe devices due to improper validation of certain input. A local attacker can exploit this to corrupt memory, resulting in a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2483) - An unspecified memory corruption issue exists in the Security component when parsing X.509 certificates due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2485) - A double-free error exists in the Kernel component due to FSEVENTS_DEVICE_FILTER_64 IOCTL not properly locking devices. A local attacker can exploit this to corrupt memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2017-2490) - A use-after-free error exists in JavaScriptCore when handling the String.replace() method. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2491) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in JavaScriptCore due to an unspecified prototype flaw. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted web page, to execute arbitrary code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2492) Note that only 4th generation models are affected by these vulnerabilities.
    last seen 2019-01-16
    modified 2018-12-14
    plugin id 99264
    published 2017-04-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=99264
    title Apple TV < 10.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities
refmap via4
bid 98316
confirm https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT207617
misc http://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-17-321
Last major update 27-06-2017 - 16:29
Published 27-06-2017 - 16:29
Last modified 15-08-2017 - 21:29
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