ID CVE-2017-2390
Summary An issue was discovered in certain Apple products. iOS before 10.3 is affected. macOS before 10.12.4 is affected. tvOS before 10.2 is affected. watchOS before 3.2 is affected. The issue involves symlink mishandling in the "libarchive" component. It allows local users to change arbitrary directory permissions via unspecified vectors.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple iPhone OS 10.2.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:iphone_os:10.2.1
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.12.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.12.3
  • Apple tvOS 10.1.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:tvos:10.1.1
  • Apple WatchOS 3.1.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:watchos:3.1.3
CVSS
Base: 2.1 (as of 05-04-2017 - 14:54)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
LOCAL LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
NONE PARTIAL NONE
nessus via4
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOS_10_12_4.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of macOS that is 10.12.x prior to 10.12.4. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities in multiple components, some of which are remote code execution vulnerabilities. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these remote code execution vulnerabilities by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code in the context of the current user. The affected components are as follows : - apache - apache_mod_php - AppleGraphicsPowerManagement - AppleRAID - Audio - Bluetooth - Carbon - CoreGraphics - CoreMedia - CoreText - curl - EFI - FinderKit - FontParser - HTTPProtocol - Hypervisor - iBooks - ImageIO - Intel Graphics Driver - IOATAFamily - IOFireWireAVC - IOFireWireFamily - Kernel - Keyboards - libarchive - libc++abi - LibreSSL - MCX Client - Menus - Multi-Touch - OpenSSH - OpenSSL - Printing - python - QuickTime - Security - SecurityFoundation - sudo - System Integrity Protection - tcpdump - tiffutil - WebKit
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 99134
    published 2017-03-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=99134
    title macOS 10.12.x < 10.12.4 Multiple Vulnerabilities (httpoxy)
  • NASL family Misc.
    NASL id APPLETV_10_2.NASL
    description According to its banner, the version of Apple TV on the remote device is prior to 10.2. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An out-of-bounds read error exists in LibTIFF in the DumpModeEncode() function within file tif_dumpmode.c. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to crash a process linked against the library or disclose memory contents. (CVE-2016-3619) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in WebKit when handling certain JavaScript code. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the disclosure of memory contents. (CVE-2016-9642) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling certain regular expressions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted web page, to exhaust available memory resources. (CVE-2016-9643) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling page loading due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2367) - A buffer overflow condition exists in the Carbon component when handling specially crafted DFONT files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2379) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling unspecified exceptions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to disclose data cross-origin. (CVE-2017-2386) - A flaw exists in the libarchive component due to the insecure creation of temporary files. A local attacker can exploit this, by using a symlink attack against an unspecified file, to cause unexpected changes to be made to file system permissions. (CVE-2017-2390) - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in WebKit that allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2394, CVE-2017-2395, CVE-2017-2396, CVE-2017-2454, CVE-2017-2455, CVE-2017-2459, CVE-2017-2460, CVE-2017-2464, CVE-2017-2465, CVE-2017-2466, CVE-2017-2468, CVE-2017-2469, CVE-2017-2470, CVE-2017-2476) - A memory corruption issue exists in the Kernel component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution or arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2401) - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in the FontParser component when handling font files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these to cause a denial condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2406, CVE-2017-2407, CVE-2017-2487) - An unspecified type confusion error exists in WebKit that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code by using specially crafted web content. (CVE-2017-2415) - A memory corruption issue exists in the ImageIO component, specifically in the GIFReadPlugin::init() function, when handling image files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted image file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2416) - An infinite recursion condition exists in the CoreGraphics component when handling image files. An unauthenticated, remote can exploit this, via a specially crafted image file, to cause a denial of service condition. (CVE-2017-2417) - An unspecified flaw exists related to nghttp2 and LibreSSL. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to access a malicious HTTP/2 server, to have an unspecified impact on confidentiality, integrity, and availability. (CVE-2017-2428) - A type confusion error exists in the Audio component when parsing specially crafted M4A audio files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2430) - An integer overflow condition exists in the ImageIO component when handling JPEG files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2432) - A memory corruption issue exists in the CoreText component when handling font files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2435) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in the FontParser component when handling font files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to disclose process memory. (CVE-2017-2439) - An integer overflow condition exists in the Kernel component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2440) - A use-after-free error exists in libc++abi when demangling C++ applications. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2441) - A memory corruption issue exists in WebKit within the CoreGraphics component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2444) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling frame objects due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2445) - A flaw exists in WebKit due to non-strict mode functions that are called from built-in strict mode scripts not being properly restricted from calling sensitive native functions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2446) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in WebKit when handling the bound arguments array of a bound function. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to disclose memory contents. (CVE-2017-2447) - An unspecified flaw exists in the Security component due to improper validation of OTR packets under certain conditions. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit this to disclose and optionally manipulate transmitted data by spoofing the TLS/SSL server via a packet that appears to be valid. (CVE-2017-2448) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in CoreText component when handling font files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to disclose process memory. (CVE-2017-2450) - A buffer overflow condition exists in the Security component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code with root root privileges. (CVE-2017-2451) - A race condition exists in the Kernel component when handling memory using the 'mach_msg' system call. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to cause a heap-based buffer overflow, resulting in a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with root privileges. CVE-2017-2456) - An buffer overflow condition exists in the Keyboards component due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to run a specially crafted application, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2458) - A denial of service vulnerability exists in the CoreText component when handling specially crafted text messages due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to exhaust available resources on the system. (CVE-2017-2461) - A heap buffer overflow condition exists in the Audio component when parsing specially crafted M4A audio files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2462) - An memory corruption issue exists in the ImageIO component when handling specially crafted files due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted file, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2467) - A use-after-free error exists in the Kernel component in the XNU port actions extension due to improper handling of port references in error cases. An local attacker can exploit this to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2472) - A signedness error exists in the Kernel component in the SIOCSIFORDER IOCTL due to improper validation of certain input. A local attacker can exploit this to cause an out-of-bounds read and memory corruption, resulting in a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2473) - A off-by-one overflow condition exists in the Kernel component in the SIOCSIFORDER IOCTL due to improper validation of certain input. A local attacker can exploit this to cause a heap-based buffer overflow, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2474) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in WebKit when handling frames due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2475) - A race condition exists in the Kernel component in the necp_open() function when closing files descriptors due to improper handling of proc_fd locks. A local attacker can exploit this to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2478) - A use-after-free error exists in WebKit when handling ElementData objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted web content, to dereference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2481) - A heap buffer overflow condition exists in the Kernel component within the Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF) BIOCSBLEN IOCTL due to improper validation of certain input when reattaching to an interface. A local attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2482) - An off-by-one error exists in the Kernel component, specifically in the audit_pipe_open() function, when handling auditpipe devices due to improper validation of certain input. A local attacker can exploit this to corrupt memory, resulting in a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code with kernel-level privileges. (CVE-2017-2483) - An unspecified memory corruption issue exists in the Security component when parsing X.509 certificates due to improper validation of certain input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2485) - A double-free error exists in the Kernel component due to FSEVENTS_DEVICE_FILTER_64 IOCTL not properly locking devices. A local attacker can exploit this to corrupt memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2017-2490) - A use-after-free error exists in JavaScriptCore when handling the String.replace() method. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-2491) - A universal cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in JavaScriptCore due to an unspecified prototype flaw. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted web page, to execute arbitrary code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2017-2492) Note that only 4th generation models are affected by these vulnerabilities.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-14
    plugin id 99264
    published 2017-04-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=99264
    title Apple TV < 10.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities
refmap via4
bid 97137
confirm
sectrack 1038138
Last major update 05-04-2017 - 19:40
Published 01-04-2017 - 21:59
Last modified 08-03-2019 - 11:06
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