ID CVE-2017-1000373
Summary The OpenBSD qsort() function is recursive, and not randomized, an attacker can construct a pathological input array of N elements that causes qsort() to deterministically recurse N/4 times. This allows attackers to consume arbitrary amounts of stack memory and manipulate stack memory to assist in arbitrary code execution attacks. This affects OpenBSD 6.1 and possibly earlier versions.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:openbsd:openbsd:6.1
    cpe:2.3:o:openbsd:openbsd:6.1
CVSS
Base: 6.4
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-400
CAPEC
  • XML Ping of the Death
    An attacker initiates a resource depletion attack where a large number of small XML messages are delivered at a sufficiently rapid rate to cause a denial of service or crash of the target. Transactions such as repetitive SOAP transactions can deplete resources faster than a simple flooding attack because of the additional resources used by the SOAP protocol and the resources necessary to process SOAP messages. The transactions used are immaterial as long as they cause resource utilization on the target. In other words, this is a normal flooding attack augmented by using messages that will require extra processing on the target.
  • XML Entity Expansion
    An attacker submits an XML document to a target application where the XML document uses nested entity expansion to produce an excessively large output XML. XML allows the definition of macro-like structures that can be used to simplify the creation of complex structures. However, this capability can be abused to create excessive demands on a processor's CPU and memory. A small number of nested expansions can result in an exponential growth in demands on memory.
  • Inducing Account Lockout
    An attacker leverages the security functionality of the system aimed at thwarting potential attacks to launch a denial of service attack against a legitimate system user. Many systems, for instance, implement a password throttling mechanism that locks an account after a certain number of incorrect log in attempts. An attacker can leverage this throttling mechanism to lock a legitimate user out of their own account. The weakness that is being leveraged by an attacker is the very security feature that has been put in place to counteract attacks.
  • Violating Implicit Assumptions Regarding XML Content (aka XML Denial of Service (XDoS))
    XML Denial of Service (XDoS) can be applied to any technology that utilizes XML data. This is, of course, most distributed systems technology including Java, .Net, databases, and so on. XDoS is most closely associated with web services, SOAP, and Rest, because remote service requesters can post malicious XML payloads to the service provider designed to exhaust the service provider's memory, CPU, and/or disk space. The main weakness in XDoS is that the service provider generally must inspect, parse, and validate the XML messages to determine routing, workflow, security considerations, and so on. It is exactly these inspection, parsing, and validation routines that XDoS targets. There are three primary attack vectors that XDoS can navigate Target CPU through recursion: attacker creates a recursive payload and sends to service provider Target memory through jumbo payloads: service provider uses DOM to parse XML. DOM creates in memory representation of XML document, but when document is very large (for example, north of 1 Gb) service provider host may exhaust memory trying to build memory objects. XML Ping of death: attack service provider with numerous small files that clog the system. All of the above attacks exploit the loosely coupled nature of web services, where the service provider has little to no control over the service requester and any messages the service requester sends.
exploit-db via4
description OpenBSD - 'at' Local Root Stack Clash Exploit. CVE-2017-1000373. Local exploit for OpenBSD platform
file exploits/openbsd/local/42271.c
id EDB-ID:42271
last seen 2017-06-29
modified 2017-06-28
platform openbsd
port
published 2017-06-28
reporter Exploit-DB
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/42271/
title OpenBSD - 'at' Local Root Stack Clash Exploit
type local
nessus via4
NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
NASL id MACOS_10_13.NASL
description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X that is prior to 10.10.5, 10.11.x prior to 10.11.6, 10.12.x prior to 10.12.6, or is not macOS 10.13. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities in the following components : - apache - AppSandbox - AppleScript - Application Firewall - ATS - Audio - CFNetwork - CFNetwork Proxies - CFString - Captive Network Assistant - CoreAudio - CoreText - DesktopServices - Directory Utility - file - Fonts - fsck_msdos - HFS - Heimdal - HelpViewer - IOFireWireFamily - ImageIO - Installer - Kernel - kext tools - libarchive - libc - libexpat - Mail - Mail Drafts - ntp - Open Scripting Architecture - PCRE - Postfix - Quick Look - QuickTime - Remote Management - SQLite - Sandbox - Screen Lock - Security - Spotlight - WebKit - zlib Note that successful exploitation of the most serious issues can result in arbitrary code execution.
last seen 2019-01-16
modified 2018-07-14
plugin id 103598
published 2017-10-03
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=103598
title macOS < 10.13 Multiple Vulnerabilities
refmap via4
bid 99177
confirm
misc
sectrack 1039427
Last major update 19-06-2017 - 12:29
Published 19-06-2017 - 12:29
Last modified 23-10-2017 - 21:29
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