ID CVE-2016-5828
Summary The start_thread function in arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c in the Linux kernel through 4.6.3 on powerpc platforms mishandles transactional state, which allows local users to cause a denial of service (invalid process state or TM Bad Thing exception, and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by starting and suspending a transaction before an exec system call.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Linux Kernel 4.6.3
    cpe:2.3:o:linux:linux_kernel:4.6.3
  • cpe:2.3:o:novell:suse_linux_enterprise_real_time_extension:12:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:novell:suse_linux_enterprise_real_time_extension:12:sp1
  • Debian Linux 8.0 (Jessie)
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:8.0
CVSS
Base: 7.2 (as of 12-08-2016 - 09:02)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-20
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Server Side Include (SSI) Injection
    An attacker can use Server Side Include (SSI) Injection to send code to a web application that then gets executed by the web server. Doing so enables the attacker to achieve similar results to Cross Site Scripting, viz., arbitrary code execution and information disclosure, albeit on a more limited scale, since the SSI directives are nowhere near as powerful as a full-fledged scripting language. Nonetheless, the attacker can conveniently gain access to sensitive files, such as password files, and execute shell commands.
  • Cross Zone Scripting
    An attacker is able to cause a victim to load content into their web-browser that bypasses security zone controls and gain access to increased privileges to execute scripting code or other web objects such as unsigned ActiveX controls or applets. This is a privilege elevation attack targeted at zone-based web-browser security. In a zone-based model, pages belong to one of a set of zones corresponding to the level of privilege assigned to that page. Pages in an untrusted zone would have a lesser level of access to the system and/or be restricted in the types of executable content it was allowed to invoke. In a cross-zone scripting attack, a page that should be assigned to a less privileged zone is granted the privileges of a more trusted zone. This can be accomplished by exploiting bugs in the browser, exploiting incorrect configuration in the zone controls, through a cross-site scripting attack that causes the attackers' content to be treated as coming from a more trusted page, or by leveraging some piece of system functionality that is accessible from both the trusted and less trusted zone. This attack differs from "Restful Privilege Escalation" in that the latter correlates to the inadequate securing of RESTful access methods (such as HTTP DELETE) on the server, while cross-zone scripting attacks the concept of security zones as implemented by a browser.
  • Cross Site Scripting through Log Files
    An attacker may leverage a system weakness where logs are susceptible to log injection to insert scripts into the system's logs. If these logs are later viewed by an administrator through a thin administrative interface and the log data is not properly HTML encoded before being written to the page, the attackers' scripts stored in the log will be executed in the administrative interface with potentially serious consequences. This attack pattern is really a combination of two other attack patterns: log injection and stored cross site scripting.
  • Command Line Execution through SQL Injection
    An attacker uses standard SQL injection methods to inject data into the command line for execution. This could be done directly through misuse of directives such as MSSQL_xp_cmdshell or indirectly through injection of data into the database that would be interpreted as shell commands. Sometime later, an unscrupulous backend application (or could be part of the functionality of the same application) fetches the injected data stored in the database and uses this data as command line arguments without performing proper validation. The malicious data escapes that data plane by spawning new commands to be executed on the host.
  • Object Relational Mapping Injection
    An attacker leverages a weakness present in the database access layer code generated with an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) tool or a weakness in the way that a developer used a persistence framework to inject his or her own SQL commands to be executed against the underlying database. The attack here is similar to plain SQL injection, except that the application does not use JDBC to directly talk to the database, but instead it uses a data access layer generated by an ORM tool or framework (e.g. Hibernate). While most of the time code generated by an ORM tool contains safe access methods that are immune to SQL injection, sometimes either due to some weakness in the generated code or due to the fact that the developer failed to use the generated access methods properly, SQL injection is still possible.
  • SQL Injection through SOAP Parameter Tampering
    An attacker modifies the parameters of the SOAP message that is sent from the service consumer to the service provider to initiate a SQL injection attack. On the service provider side, the SOAP message is parsed and parameters are not properly validated before being used to access a database in a way that does not use parameter binding, thus enabling the attacker to control the structure of the executed SQL query. This pattern describes a SQL injection attack with the delivery mechanism being a SOAP message.
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Format String Injection
    An attacker includes formatting characters in a string input field on the target application. Most applications assume that users will provide static text and may respond unpredictably to the presence of formatting character. For example, in certain functions of the C programming languages such as printf, the formatting character %s will print the contents of a memory location expecting this location to identify a string and the formatting character %n prints the number of DWORD written in the memory. An attacker can use this to read or write to memory locations or files, or simply to manipulate the value of the resulting text in unexpected ways. Reading or writing memory may result in program crashes and writing memory could result in the execution of arbitrary code if the attacker can write to the program stack.
  • LDAP Injection
    An attacker manipulates or crafts an LDAP query for the purpose of undermining the security of the target. Some applications use user input to create LDAP queries that are processed by an LDAP server. For example, a user might provide their username during authentication and the username might be inserted in an LDAP query during the authentication process. An attacker could use this input to inject additional commands into an LDAP query that could disclose sensitive information. For example, entering a * in the aforementioned query might return information about all users on the system. This attack is very similar to an SQL injection attack in that it manipulates a query to gather additional information or coerce a particular return value.
  • Relative Path Traversal
    An attacker exploits a weakness in input validation on the target by supplying a specially constructed path utilizing dot and slash characters for the purpose of obtaining access to arbitrary files or resources. An attacker modifies a known path on the target in order to reach material that is not available through intended channels. These attacks normally involve adding additional path separators (/ or \) and/or dots (.), or encodings thereof, in various combinations in order to reach parent directories or entirely separate trees of the target's directory structure.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Variable Manipulation
    An attacker manipulates variables used by an application to perform a variety of possible attacks. This can either be performed through the manipulation of function call parameters or by manipulating external variables, such as environment variables, that are used by an application. Changing variable values is usually undertaken as part of another attack; for example, a path traversal (inserting relative path modifiers) or buffer overflow (enlarging a variable value beyond an application's ability to store it).
  • Embedding Scripts in Non-Script Elements
    This attack is a form of Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) where malicious scripts are embedded in elements that are not expected to host scripts such as image tags (<img>), comments in XML documents (< !-CDATA->), etc. These tags may not be subject to the same input validation, output validation, and other content filtering and checking routines, so this can create an opportunity for an attacker to tunnel through the application's elements and launch a XSS attack through other elements. As with all remote attacks, it is important to differentiate the ability to launch an attack (such as probing an internal network for unpatched servers) and the ability of the remote attacker to collect and interpret the output of said attack.
  • Flash Injection
    An attacker tricks a victim to execute malicious flash content that executes commands or makes flash calls specified by the attacker. One example of this attack is cross-site flashing, an attacker controlled parameter to a reference call loads from content specified by the attacker.
  • Cross-Site Scripting Using Alternate Syntax
    The attacker uses alternate forms of keywords or commands that result in the same action as the primary form but which may not be caught by filters. For example, many keywords are processed in a case insensitive manner. If the site's web filtering algorithm does not convert all tags into a consistent case before the comparison with forbidden keywords it is possible to bypass filters (e.g., incomplete black lists) by using an alternate case structure. For example, the "script" tag using the alternate forms of "Script" or "ScRiPt" may bypass filters where "script" is the only form tested. Other variants using different syntax representations are also possible as well as using pollution meta-characters or entities that are eventually ignored by the rendering engine. The attack can result in the execution of otherwise prohibited functionality.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • XML Nested Payloads
    Applications often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. By nesting XML data and causing this data to be continuously self-referential, an attacker can cause the XML parser to consume more resources while processing, causing excessive memory consumption and CPU utilization. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In most cases this type of an attack will result in a denial of service due to an application becoming unstable, freezing, or crash. However it may be possible to cause a crash resulting in arbitrary code execution, leading to a jump from the data plane to the control plane [R.230.1].
  • XML Oversized Payloads
    Applications often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. By supplying oversized payloads in input vectors that will be processed by the XML parser, an attacker can cause the XML parser to consume more resources while processing, causing excessive memory consumption and CPU utilization, and potentially cause execution of arbitrary code. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In many cases this type of an attack will result in a denial of service due to an application becoming unstable, freezing, or crash. However it is possible to cause a crash resulting in arbitrary code execution, leading to a jump from the data plane to the control plane [R.231.1].
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • Cross-Site Scripting via Encoded URI Schemes
    An attack of this type exploits the ability of most browsers to interpret "data", "javascript" or other URI schemes as client-side executable content placeholders. This attack consists of passing a malicious URI in an anchor tag HREF attribute or any other similar attributes in other HTML tags. Such malicious URI contains, for example, a base64 encoded HTML content with an embedded cross-site scripting payload. The attack is executed when the browser interprets the malicious content i.e., for example, when the victim clicks on the malicious link.
  • XML Injection
    An attacker utilizes crafted XML user-controllable input to probe, attack, and inject data into the XML database, using techniques similar to SQL injection. The user-controllable input can allow for unauthorized viewing of data, bypassing authentication or the front-end application for direct XML database access, and possibly altering database information.
  • Environment Variable Manipulation
    An attacker manipulates environment variables used by an application to perform a variety of possible attacks. Changing variable values is usually undertaken as part of another attack; for example, a path traversal (inserting relative path modifiers) or buffer overflow (enlarging a variable value beyond an application's ability to store it).
  • Global variable manipulation
    An attacker manipulates global variables used by an application to perform a variety of possible attacks. Changing variable values is usually undertaken as part of another attack; for example, a path traversal (inserting relative path modifiers) or buffer overflow (enlarging a variable value beyond an application's ability to store it).
  • Leverage Alternate Encoding
    This attack leverages the possibility to encode potentially harmful input and submit it to applications not expecting or effective at validating this encoding standard making input filtering difficult.
  • Fuzzing
    Fuzzing is a software testing method that feeds randomly constructed input to the system and looks for an indication that a failure in response to that input has occurred. Fuzzing treats the system as a black box and is totally free from any preconceptions or assumptions about the system. An attacker can leverage fuzzing to try to identify weaknesses in the system. For instance fuzzing can help an attacker discover certain assumptions made in the system about user input. Fuzzing gives an attacker a quick way of potentially uncovering some of these assumptions without really knowing anything about the internals of the system. These assumptions can then be turned against the system by specially crafting user input that may allow an attacker to achieve his goals.
  • Using Leading 'Ghost' Character Sequences to Bypass Input Filters
    An attacker intentionally introduces leading characters that enable getting the input past the filters. The API that is being targeted, ignores the leading "ghost" characters, and therefore processes the attackers' input. This occurs when the targeted API will accept input data in several syntactic forms and interpret it in the equivalent semantic way, while the filter does not take into account the full spectrum of the syntactic forms acceptable to the targeted API. Some APIs will strip certain leading characters from a string of parameters. Perhaps these characters are considered redundant, and for this reason they are removed. Another possibility is the parser logic at the beginning of analysis is specialized in some way that causes some characters to be removed. The attacker can specify multiple types of alternative encodings at the beginning of a string as a set of probes. One commonly used possibility involves adding ghost characters--extra characters that don't affect the validity of the request at the API layer. If the attacker has access to the API libraries being targeted, certain attack ideas can be tested directly in advance. Once alternative ghost encodings emerge through testing, the attacker can move from lab-based API testing to testing real-world service implementations.
  • Accessing/Intercepting/Modifying HTTP Cookies
    This attack relies on the use of HTTP Cookies to store credentials, state information and other critical data on client systems. The first form of this attack involves accessing HTTP Cookies to mine for potentially sensitive data contained therein. The second form of this attack involves intercepting this data as it is transmitted from client to server. This intercepted information is then used by the attacker to impersonate the remote user/session. The third form is when the cookie's content is modified by the attacker before it is sent back to the server. Here the attacker seeks to convince the target server to operate on this falsified information.
  • Embedding Scripts in HTTP Query Strings
    A variant of cross-site scripting called "reflected" cross-site scripting, the HTTP Query Strings attack consists of passing a malicious script inside an otherwise valid HTTP request query string. This is of significant concern for sites that rely on dynamic, user-generated content such as bulletin boards, news sites, blogs, and web enabled administration GUIs. The malicious script may steal session data, browse history, probe files, or otherwise execute attacks on the client side. Once the attacker has prepared the malicious HTTP query it is sent to a victim user (perhaps by email, IM, or posted on an online forum), who clicks on a normal looking link that contains a poison query string. This technique can be made more effective through the use of services like http://tinyurl.com/, which makes very small URLs that will redirect to very large, complex ones. The victim will not know what he is really clicking on.
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Exploiting Multiple Input Interpretation Layers
    An attacker supplies the target software with input data that contains sequences of special characters designed to bypass input validation logic. This exploit relies on the target making multiples passes over the input data and processing a "layer" of special characters with each pass. In this manner, the attacker can disguise input that would otherwise be rejected as invalid by concealing it with layers of special/escape characters that are stripped off by subsequent processing steps. The goal is to first discover cases where the input validation layer executes before one or more parsing layers. That is, user input may go through the following logic in an application: In such cases, the attacker will need to provide input that will pass through the input validator, but after passing through parser2, will be converted into something that the input validator was supposed to stop.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Signature Spoof
    An attacker generates a message or datablock that causes the recipient to believe that the message or datablock was generated and cryptographically signed by an authoritative or reputable source, misleading a victim or victim operating system into performing malicious actions.
  • XML Client-Side Attack
    Client applications such as web browsers that process HTML data often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. These adverse effects may include the parser crashing, consuming too much of a resource, executing too slowly, executing code supplied by an attacker, allowing usage of unintended system functionality, etc. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In some cases it may be possible to jump from the data plane to the control plane via bad data being passed to an XML parser. [R.484.1]
  • Embedding NULL Bytes
    An attacker embeds one or more null bytes in input to the target software. This attack relies on the usage of a null-valued byte as a string terminator in many environments. The goal is for certain components of the target software to stop processing the input when it encounters the null byte(s).
  • Postfix, Null Terminate, and Backslash
    If a string is passed through a filter of some kind, then a terminal NULL may not be valid. Using alternate representation of NULL allows an attacker to embed the NULL mid-string while postfixing the proper data so that the filter is avoided. One example is a filter that looks for a trailing slash character. If a string insertion is possible, but the slash must exist, an alternate encoding of NULL in mid-string may be used.
  • Simple Script Injection
    An attacker embeds malicious scripts in content that will be served to web browsers. The goal of the attack is for the target software, the client-side browser, to execute the script with the users' privilege level. An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that are brought on by allowing remote hosts to execute code and scripts. Web browsers, for example, have some simple security controls in place, but if a remote attacker is allowed to execute scripts (through injecting them in to user-generated content like bulletin boards) then these controls may be bypassed. Further, these attacks are very difficult for an end user to detect.
  • Using Slashes and URL Encoding Combined to Bypass Validation Logic
    This attack targets the encoding of the URL combined with the encoding of the slash characters. An attacker can take advantage of the multiple way of encoding an URL and abuse the interpretation of the URL. An URL may contain special character that need special syntax handling in order to be interpreted. Special characters are represented using a percentage character followed by two digits representing the octet code of the original character (%HEX-CODE). For instance US-ASCII space character would be represented with %20. This is often referred as escaped ending or percent-encoding. Since the server decodes the URL from the requests, it may restrict the access to some URL paths by validating and filtering out the URL requests it received. An attacker will try to craft an URL with a sequence of special characters which once interpreted by the server will be equivalent to a forbidden URL. It can be difficult to protect against this attack since the URL can contain other format of encoding such as UTF-8 encoding, Unicode-encoding, etc.
  • SQL Injection
    This attack exploits target software that constructs SQL statements based on user input. An attacker crafts input strings so that when the target software constructs SQL statements based on the input, the resulting SQL statement performs actions other than those the application intended. SQL Injection results from failure of the application to appropriately validate input. When specially crafted user-controlled input consisting of SQL syntax is used without proper validation as part of SQL queries, it is possible to glean information from the database in ways not envisaged during application design. Depending upon the database and the design of the application, it may also be possible to leverage injection to have the database execute system-related commands of the attackers' choice. SQL Injection enables an attacker to talk directly to the database, thus bypassing the application completely. Successful injection can cause information disclosure as well as ability to add or modify data in the database. In order to successfully inject SQL and retrieve information from a database, an attacker:
  • String Format Overflow in syslog()
    This attack targets the format string vulnerabilities in the syslog() function. An attacker would typically inject malicious input in the format string parameter of the syslog function. This is a common problem, and many public vulnerabilities and associated exploits have been posted.
  • Blind SQL Injection
    Blind SQL Injection results from an insufficient mitigation for SQL Injection. Although suppressing database error messages are considered best practice, the suppression alone is not sufficient to prevent SQL Injection. Blind SQL Injection is a form of SQL Injection that overcomes the lack of error messages. Without the error messages that facilitate SQL Injection, the attacker constructs input strings that probe the target through simple Boolean SQL expressions. The attacker can determine if the syntax and structure of the injection was successful based on whether the query was executed or not. Applied iteratively, the attacker determines how and where the target is vulnerable to SQL Injection. For example, an attacker may try entering something like "username' AND 1=1; --" in an input field. If the result is the same as when the attacker entered "username" in the field, then the attacker knows that the application is vulnerable to SQL Injection. The attacker can then ask yes/no questions from the database server to extract information from it. For example, the attacker can extract table names from a database using the following types of queries: If the above query executes properly, then the attacker knows that the first character in a table name in the database is a letter between m and z. If it doesn't, then the attacker knows that the character must be between a and l (assuming of course that table names only contain alphabetic characters). By performing a binary search on all character positions, the attacker can determine all table names in the database. Subsequently, the attacker may execute an actual attack and send something like:
  • Using Unicode Encoding to Bypass Validation Logic
    An attacker may provide a Unicode string to a system component that is not Unicode aware and use that to circumvent the filter or cause the classifying mechanism to fail to properly understanding the request. That may allow the attacker to slip malicious data past the content filter and/or possibly cause the application to route the request incorrectly.
  • URL Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the URL. An attacker can take advantage of the multiple way of encoding an URL and abuse the interpretation of the URL. An URL may contain special character that need special syntax handling in order to be interpreted. Special characters are represented using a percentage character followed by two digits representing the octet code of the original character (%HEX-CODE). For instance US-ASCII space character would be represented with %20. This is often referred as escaped ending or percent-encoding. Since the server decodes the URL from the requests, it may restrict the access to some URL paths by validating and filtering out the URL requests it received. An attacker will try to craft an URL with a sequence of special characters which once interpreted by the server will be equivalent to a forbidden URL. It can be difficult to protect against this attack since the URL can contain other format of encoding such as UTF-8 encoding, Unicode-encoding, etc. The attacker could also subvert the meaning of the URL string request by encoding the data being sent to the server through a GET request. For instance an attacker may subvert the meaning of parameters used in a SQL request and sent through the URL string (See Example section).
  • User-Controlled Filename
    An attack of this type involves an attacker inserting malicious characters (such as a XSS redirection) into a filename, directly or indirectly that is then used by the target software to generate HTML text or other potentially executable content. Many websites rely on user-generated content and dynamically build resources like files, filenames, and URL links directly from user supplied data. In this attack pattern, the attacker uploads code that can execute in the client browser and/or redirect the client browser to a site that the attacker owns. All XSS attack payload variants can be used to pass and exploit these vulnerabilities.
  • Using Escaped Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the use of the backslash in alternate encoding. An attacker can provide a backslash as a leading character and causes a parser to believe that the next character is special. This is called an escape. By using that trick, the attacker tries to exploit alternate ways to encode the same character which leads to filter problems and opens avenues to attack.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Using UTF-8 Encoding to Bypass Validation Logic
    This attack is a specific variation on leveraging alternate encodings to bypass validation logic. This attack leverages the possibility to encode potentially harmful input in UTF-8 and submit it to applications not expecting or effective at validating this encoding standard making input filtering difficult. UTF-8 (8-bit UCS/Unicode Transformation Format) is a variable-length character encoding for Unicode. Legal UTF-8 characters are one to four bytes long. However, early version of the UTF-8 specification got some entries wrong (in some cases it permitted overlong characters). UTF-8 encoders are supposed to use the "shortest possible" encoding, but naive decoders may accept encodings that are longer than necessary. According to the RFC 3629, a particularly subtle form of this attack can be carried out against a parser which performs security-critical validity checks against the UTF-8 encoded form of its input, but interprets certain illegal octet sequences as characters.
  • Web Logs Tampering
    Web Logs Tampering attacks involve an attacker injecting, deleting or otherwise tampering with the contents of web logs typically for the purposes of masking other malicious behavior. Additionally, writing malicious data to log files may target jobs, filters, reports, and other agents that process the logs in an asynchronous attack pattern. This pattern of attack is similar to "Log Injection-Tampering-Forging" except that in this case, the attack is targeting the logs of the web server and not the application.
  • XPath Injection
    An attacker can craft special user-controllable input consisting of XPath expressions to inject the XML database and bypass authentication or glean information that he normally would not be able to. XPath Injection enables an attacker to talk directly to the XML database, thus bypassing the application completely. XPath Injection results from the failure of an application to properly sanitize input used as part of dynamic XPath expressions used to query an XML database. In order to successfully inject XML and retrieve information from a database, an attacker:
  • AJAX Fingerprinting
    This attack utilizes the frequent client-server roundtrips in Ajax conversation to scan a system. While Ajax does not open up new vulnerabilities per se, it does optimize them from an attacker point of view. In many XSS attacks the attacker must get a "hole in one" and successfully exploit the vulnerability on the victim side the first time, once the client is redirected the attacker has many chances to engage in follow on probes, but there is only one first chance. In a widely used web application this is not a major problem because 1 in a 1,000 is good enough in a widely used application. A common first step for an attacker is to footprint the environment to understand what attacks will work. Since footprinting relies on enumeration, the conversational pattern of rapid, multiple requests and responses that are typical in Ajax applications enable an attacker to look for many vulnerabilities, well-known ports, network locations and so on.
  • Embedding Script (XSS) in HTTP Headers
    An attack of this type exploits web applications that generate web content, such as links in a HTML page, based on unvalidated or improperly validated data submitted by other actors. XSS in HTTP Headers attacks target the HTTP headers which are hidden from most users and may not be validated by web applications.
  • OS Command Injection
    In this type of an attack, an adversary injects operating system commands into existing application functions. An application that uses untrusted input to build command strings is vulnerable. An adversary can leverage OS command injection in an application to elevate privileges, execute arbitrary commands and compromise the underlying operating system.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
  • XSS in IMG Tags
    Image tags are an often overlooked, but convenient, means for a Cross Site Scripting attack. The attacker can inject script contents into an image (IMG) tag in order to steal information from a victim's browser and execute malicious scripts.
  • XML Parser Attack
    Applications often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. These adverse effects may include the parser crashing, consuming too much of a resource, executing too slowly, executing code supplied by an attacker, allowing usage of unintended system functionality, etc. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In some cases it may be possible to jump from the data plane to the control plane via bad data being passed to an XML parser. [R.99.1]
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
LOCAL LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
nessus via4
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3616.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Linux kernel that may lead to a privilege escalation, denial of service or information leaks. - CVE-2014-9904 It was discovered that the snd_compress_check_input function used in the ALSA subsystem does not properly check for an integer overflow, allowing a local user to cause a denial of service. - CVE-2016-5728 Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver that could allow a local user to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory or cause a denial of service. - CVE-2016-5828 Cyril Bur and Michael Ellerman discovered a flaw in the handling of Transactional Memory on powerpc systems allowing a local user to cause a denial of service (kernel crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact, by starting a transaction, suspending it, and then calling any of the exec() class system calls. - CVE-2016-5829 A heap-based buffer overflow vulnerability was found in the hiddev driver, allowing a local user to cause a denial of service or, potentially escalate their privileges. - CVE-2016-6130 Pengfei Wang discovered a flaw in the S/390 character device drivers potentially leading to information leak with /dev/sclp. Additionally this update fixes a regression in the ebtables facility (#828914) that was introduced in DSA-3607-1.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 91927
    published 2016-07-05
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91927
    title Debian DSA-3616-1 : linux - security update
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3070-4.NASL
    description USN-3070-1 fixed vulnerabilities in the Linux kernel for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. This update provides the corresponding updates for the Linux Hardware Enablement (HWE) kernel from Ubuntu 16.04 LTS for Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. A missing permission check when settings ACLs was discovered in nfsd. A local user could exploit this flaw to gain access to any file by setting an ACL. (CVE-2016-1237) Kangjie Lu discovered an information leak in the Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5244) James Patrick-Evans discovered that the airspy USB device driver in the Linux kernel did not properly handle certain error conditions. An attacker with physical access could use this to cause a denial of service (memory consumption). (CVE-2016-5400) Yue Cao et al discovered a flaw in the TCP implementation's handling of challenge acks in the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (reset connection) or inject content into an TCP stream. (CVE-2016-5696) Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5728) Cyril Bur discovered that on PowerPC platforms, the Linux kernel mishandled transactional memory state on exec(). A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5828) It was discovered that a heap based buffer overflow existed in the USB HID driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5829) It was discovered that the OverlayFS implementation in the Linux kernel did not properly verify dentry state before proceeding with unlink and rename operations. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash). (CVE-2016-6197). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 93243
    published 2016-08-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93243
    title Ubuntu 14.04 LTS : linux-lts-xenial vulnerabilities (USN-3070-4)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3071-1.NASL
    description Kangjie Lu discovered an information leak in the Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5244) Yue Cao et al discovered a flaw in the TCP implementation's handling of challenge acks in the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (reset connection) or inject content into an TCP stream. (CVE-2016-5696) Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5728) Cyril Bur discovered that on PowerPC platforms, the Linux kernel mishandled transactional memory state on exec(). A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5828) It was discovered that a heap based buffer overflow existed in the USB HID driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5829). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 93218
    published 2016-08-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93218
    title Ubuntu 14.04 LTS : linux vulnerabilities (USN-3071-1)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3071-2.NASL
    description USN-3071-1 fixed vulnerabilities in the Linux kernel for Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. This update provides the corresponding updates for the Linux Hardware Enablement (HWE) kernel from Ubuntu 14.04 LTS for Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. Kangjie Lu discovered an information leak in the Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5244) Yue Cao et al discovered a flaw in the TCP implementation's handling of challenge acks in the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (reset connection) or inject content into an TCP stream. (CVE-2016-5696) Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5728) Cyril Bur discovered that on PowerPC platforms, the Linux kernel mishandled transactional memory state on exec(). A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5828) It was discovered that a heap based buffer overflow existed in the USB HID driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5829). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 93219
    published 2016-08-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93219
    title Ubuntu 12.04 LTS : linux-lts-trusty vulnerabilities (USN-3071-2)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3070-2.NASL
    description A missing permission check when settings ACLs was discovered in nfsd. A local user could exploit this flaw to gain access to any file by setting an ACL. (CVE-2016-1237) Kangjie Lu discovered an information leak in the Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5244) James Patrick-Evans discovered that the airspy USB device driver in the Linux kernel did not properly handle certain error conditions. An attacker with physical access could use this to cause a denial of service (memory consumption). (CVE-2016-5400) Yue Cao et al discovered a flaw in the TCP implementation's handling of challenge acks in the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (reset connection) or inject content into an TCP stream. (CVE-2016-5696) Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5728) Cyril Bur discovered that on PowerPC platforms, the Linux kernel mishandled transactional memory state on exec(). A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5828) It was discovered that a heap based buffer overflow existed in the USB HID driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5829) It was discovered that the OverlayFS implementation in the Linux kernel did not properly verify dentry state before proceeding with unlink and rename operations. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash). (CVE-2016-6197). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 93241
    published 2016-08-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93241
    title Ubuntu 16.04 LTS : linux-raspi2 vulnerabilities (USN-3070-2)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3070-1.NASL
    description A missing permission check when settings ACLs was discovered in nfsd. A local user could exploit this flaw to gain access to any file by setting an ACL. (CVE-2016-1237) Kangjie Lu discovered an information leak in the Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5244) James Patrick-Evans discovered that the airspy USB device driver in the Linux kernel did not properly handle certain error conditions. An attacker with physical access could use this to cause a denial of service (memory consumption). (CVE-2016-5400) Yue Cao et al discovered a flaw in the TCP implementation's handling of challenge acks in the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (reset connection) or inject content into an TCP stream. (CVE-2016-5696) Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5728) Cyril Bur discovered that on PowerPC platforms, the Linux kernel mishandled transactional memory state on exec(). A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5828) It was discovered that a heap based buffer overflow existed in the USB HID driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5829) It was discovered that the OverlayFS implementation in the Linux kernel did not properly verify dentry state before proceeding with unlink and rename operations. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash). (CVE-2016-6197). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 93217
    published 2016-08-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93217
    title Ubuntu 16.04 LTS : linux vulnerabilities (USN-3070-1)
  • NASL family CentOS Local Security Checks
    NASL id CENTOS_RHSA-2016-2574.NASL
    description An update for kernel is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. The kernel packages contain the Linux kernel, the core of any Linux operating system. Security Fix(es) : * It was found that the Linux kernel's IPv6 implementation mishandled socket options. A local attacker could abuse concurrent access to the socket options to escalate their privileges, or cause a denial of service (use-after-free and system crash) via a crafted sendmsg system call. (CVE-2016-3841, Important) * Several Moderate and Low impact security issues were found in the Linux kernel. Space precludes documenting each of these issues in this advisory. Refer to the CVE links in the References section for a description of each of these vulnerabilities. (CVE-2013-4312, CVE-2015-8374, CVE-2015-8543, CVE-2015-8812, CVE-2015-8844, CVE-2015-8845, CVE-2016-2053, CVE-2016-2069, CVE-2016-2847, CVE-2016-3156, CVE-2016-4581, CVE-2016-4794, CVE-2016-5412, CVE-2016-5828, CVE-2016-5829, CVE-2016-6136, CVE-2016-6198, CVE-2016-6327, CVE-2016-6480, CVE-2015-8746, CVE-2015-8956, CVE-2016-2117, CVE-2016-2384, CVE-2016-3070, CVE-2016-3699, CVE-2016-4569, CVE-2016-4578) Red Hat would like to thank Philip Pettersson (Samsung) for reporting CVE-2016-2053; Tetsuo Handa for reporting CVE-2016-2847; the Virtuozzo kernel team and Solar Designer (Openwall) for reporting CVE-2016-3156; Justin Yackoski (Cryptonite) for reporting CVE-2016-2117; and Linn Crosetto (HP) for reporting CVE-2016-3699. The CVE-2015-8812 issue was discovered by Venkatesh Pottem (Red Hat Engineering); the CVE-2015-8844 and CVE-2015-8845 issues were discovered by Miroslav Vadkerti (Red Hat Engineering); the CVE-2016-4581 issue was discovered by Eric W. Biederman (Red Hat); the CVE-2016-6198 issue was discovered by CAI Qian (Red Hat); and the CVE-2016-3070 issue was discovered by Jan Stancek (Red Hat). Additional Changes : For detailed information on changes in this release, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Release Notes linked from the References section.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 95321
    published 2016-11-28
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=95321
    title CentOS 7 : kernel (CESA-2016:2574)
  • NASL family Scientific Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id SL_20161103_KERNEL_ON_SL7_X.NASL
    description Security Fix(es) : - It was found that the Linux kernel's IPv6 implementation mishandled socket options. A local attacker could abuse concurrent access to the socket options to escalate their privileges, or cause a denial of service (use-after-free and system crash) via a crafted sendmsg system call. (CVE-2016-3841, Important) (CVE-2013-4312, CVE-2015-8374, CVE-2015-8543, CVE-2015-8812, CVE-2015-8844, CVE-2015-8845, CVE-2016-2053, CVE-2016-2069, CVE-2016-2847, CVE-2016-3156, CVE-2016-4581, CVE-2016-4794, CVE-2016-5412, CVE-2016-5828, CVE-2016-5829, CVE-2016-6136, CVE-2016-6198, CVE-2016-6327, CVE-2016-6480, CVE-2015-8746, CVE-2015-8956, CVE-2016-2117, CVE-2016-2384, CVE-2016-3070, CVE-2016-3699, CVE-2016-4569, CVE-2016-4578) Additional Changes :
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-28
    plugin id 95841
    published 2016-12-15
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=95841
    title Scientific Linux Security Update : kernel on SL7.x x86_64
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-3070-3.NASL
    description A missing permission check when settings ACLs was discovered in nfsd. A local user could exploit this flaw to gain access to any file by setting an ACL. (CVE-2016-1237) Kangjie Lu discovered an information leak in the Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5244) James Patrick-Evans discovered that the airspy USB device driver in the Linux kernel did not properly handle certain error conditions. An attacker with physical access could use this to cause a denial of service (memory consumption). (CVE-2016-5400) Yue Cao et al discovered a flaw in the TCP implementation's handling of challenge acks in the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (reset connection) or inject content into an TCP stream. (CVE-2016-5696) Pengfei Wang discovered a race condition in the MIC VOP driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or obtain potentially sensitive information from kernel memory. (CVE-2016-5728) Cyril Bur discovered that on PowerPC platforms, the Linux kernel mishandled transactional memory state on exec(). A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5828) It was discovered that a heap based buffer overflow existed in the USB HID driver in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-5829) It was discovered that the OverlayFS implementation in the Linux kernel did not properly verify dentry state before proceeding with unlink and rename operations. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash). (CVE-2016-6197). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 93242
    published 2016-08-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93242
    title Ubuntu 16.04 LTS : linux-snapdragon vulnerabilities (USN-3070-3)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-1029.NASL
    description The openSUSE 13.1 kernel was updated to 3.12.62 to receive various security and bugfixes. The following security bugs were fixed : - CVE-2014-9904: The snd_compress_check_input function in sound/core/compress_offload.c in the ALSA subsystem in the Linux kernel did not properly check for an integer overflow, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (insufficient memory allocation) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted SNDRV_COMPRESS_SET_PARAMS ioctl call (bnc#986811). - CVE-2015-7833: The usbvision driver in the Linux kernel allowed physically proximate attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) via a nonzero bInterfaceNumber value in a USB device descriptor (bnc#950998). - CVE-2015-8551: The PCI backend driver in Xen, when running on an x86 system and using Linux 3.1.x through 4.3.x as the driver domain, allowed local guest administrators to hit BUG conditions and cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and host OS crash) by leveraging a system with access to a passed-through MSI or MSI-X capable physical PCI device and a crafted sequence of XEN_PCI_OP_* operations, aka 'Linux pciback missing sanity checks (bnc#957990). - CVE-2015-8552: The PCI backend driver in Xen, when running on an x86 system and using Linux 3.1.x through 4.3.x as the driver domain, allowed local guest administrators to generate a continuous stream of WARN messages and cause a denial of service (disk consumption) by leveraging a system with access to a passed-through MSI or MSI-X capable physical PCI device and XEN_PCI_OP_enable_msi operations, aka 'Linux pciback missing sanity checks (bnc#957990). - CVE-2015-8845: The tm_reclaim_thread function in arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c in the Linux kernel on powerpc platforms did not ensure that TM suspend mode exists before proceeding with a tm_reclaim call, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (TM Bad Thing exception and panic) via a crafted application (bnc#975531 bsc#975533). - CVE-2016-0758: Integer overflow in lib/asn1_decoder.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges via crafted ASN.1 data (bnc#979867). - CVE-2016-1583: The ecryptfs_privileged_open function in fs/ecryptfs/kthread.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (stack memory consumption) via vectors involving crafted mmap calls for /proc pathnames, leading to recursive pagefault handling. (bsc#983143) - CVE-2016-2053: The asn1_ber_decoder function in lib/asn1_decoder.c in the Linux kernel allowed attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) via an ASN.1 BER file that lacks a public key, leading to mishandling by the public_key_verify_signature function in crypto/asymmetric_keys/public_key.c (bnc#963762). - CVE-2016-3672: The arch_pick_mmap_layout function in arch/x86/mm/mmap.c in the Linux kernel did not properly randomize the legacy base address, which made it easier for local users to defeat the intended restrictions on the ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE flag, and bypass the ASLR protection mechanism for a setuid or setgid program, by disabling stack-consumption resource limits (bnc#974308). - CVE-2016-4470: The key_reject_and_link function in security/keys/key.c in the Linux kernel did not ensure that a certain data structure is initialized, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (system crash) via vectors involving a crafted keyctl request2 command (bnc#984755). - CVE-2016-4482: The proc_connectinfo function in drivers/usb/core/devio.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain data structure, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via a crafted USBDEVFS_CONNECTINFO ioctl call. (bnc#978401) - CVE-2016-4486: The rtnl_fill_link_ifmap function in net/core/rtnetlink.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain data structure, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory by reading a Netlink message (bnc#978822). - CVE-2016-4565: The InfiniBand (aka IB) stack in the Linux kernel incorrectly relies on the write system call, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (kernel memory write operation) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a uAPI interface (bnc#979548 bsc#980363). - CVE-2016-4569: The snd_timer_user_params function in sound/core/timer.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain data structure, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via crafted use of the ALSA timer interface. (bsc#979213) - CVE-2016-4578: sound/core/timer.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize certain r1 data structures, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via crafted use of the ALSA timer interface, related to the (1) snd_timer_user_ccallback and (2) snd_timer_user_tinterrupt functions (bnc#979879). - CVE-2016-4805: Use-after-free vulnerability in drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (memory corruption and system crash, or spinlock) or possibly have unspecified other impact by removing a network namespace, related to the ppp_register_net_channel and ppp_unregister_channel functions (bnc#980371). - CVE-2016-4997: The compat IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE setsockopt implementation in the netfilter subsystem in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) by leveraging in-container root access to provide a crafted offset value that triggers an unintended decrement (bnc#986362). - CVE-2016-4998: The IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE setsockopt implementation in the netfilter subsystem in the Linux kernel before 4.6 allows local users to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) or possibly obtain sensitive information from kernel heap memory by leveraging in-container root access to provide a crafted offset value that leads to crossing a ruleset blob boundary. (bnc#986365). - CVE-2016-5244: The rds_inc_info_copy function in net/rds/recv.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain structure member, which allowed remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory by reading an RDS message (bnc#983213). - CVE-2016-5828: The start_thread function in arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c in the Linux kernel on powerpc platforms mishandled transactional state, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (invalid process state or TM Bad Thing exception, and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by starting and suspending a transaction before an exec system call. (bsc#986569) - CVE-2016-5829: Multiple heap-based buffer overflows in the hiddev_ioctl_usage function in drivers/hid/usbhid/hiddev.c in the Linux kernel allow local users to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted (1) HIDIOCGUSAGES or (2) HIDIOCSUSAGES ioctl call (bnc#986572). The following non-security bugs were fixed : - Add wait_event_cmd() (bsc#953048). - alsa: hrtimer: Handle start/stop more properly (bsc#973378). - base: make module_create_drivers_dir race-free (bnc#983977). - btrfs: be more precise on errors when getting an inode from disk (bsc#981038). - btrfs: do not use src fd for printk (bsc#980348). - btrfs: improve performance on fsync against new inode after rename/unlink (bsc#981038). - btrfs: qgroup: Fix qgroup accounting when creating snapshot (bsc#972933). - btrfs: serialize subvolume mounts with potentially mismatching rw flags (bsc#951844). - cdc_ncm: workaround for EM7455 'silent' data interface (bnc#988552). - ceph: tolerate bad i_size for symlink inode (bsc#985232). - drm/mgag200: Add support for a new G200eW3 chipset (bsc#983904). - drm/mgag200: Add support for a new rev of G200e (bsc#983904). - drm/mgag200: Black screen fix for G200e rev 4 (bsc#983904). - drm/mgag200: remove unused variables (bsc#983904). - drm: qxl: Workaround for buggy user-space (bsc#981344). - EDAC: Correct channel count limit (bsc#979521). - EDAC: Remove arbitrary limit on number of channels (bsc#979521). - EDAC, sb_edac: Add support for duplicate device IDs (bsc#979521). - EDAC/sb_edac: Fix computation of channel address (bsc#979521). - EDAC, sb_edac: Fix rank lookup on Broadwell (bsc#979521). - EDAC, sb_edac: Fix TAD presence check for sbridge_mci_bind_devs() (bsc#979521). - EDAC: Use static attribute groups for managing sysfs entries (bsc#979521). - efifb: Add support for 64-bit frame buffer addresses (bsc#973499). - efifb: Fix 16 color palette entry calculation (bsc#983318). - efifb: Fix KABI of screen_info struct (bsc#973499). - ehci-pci: enable interrupt on BayTrail (bnc#947337). - enic: set netdev->vlan_features (bsc#966245). - fs/cifs: fix wrongly prefixed path to root (bsc#963655, bsc#979681) - hid-elo: kill not flush the work (bnc#982354). - iommu/vt-d: Enable QI on all IOMMUs before setting root entry (bsc#975772). - ipvs: count pre-established TCP states as active (bsc#970114). - kabi: prevent spurious modversion changes after bsc#982544 fix (bsc#982544). - kabi/severities: Added raw3270_* PASS to allow IBM LTC changes. (bnc#979922, LTC#141736) - ktime: make ktime_divns exported on 32-bit architectures. - md: be careful when testing resync_max against curr_resync_completed (bsc#953048). - md: do_release_stripe(): No need to call md_wakeup_thread() twice (bsc#953048). - md: make sure MD_RECOVERY_DONE is clear before starting recovery/resync (bsc#953048). - md/raid56: Do not perform reads to support writes until stripe is ready. - md/raid5: add handle_flags arg to break_stripe_batch_list (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: allow the stripe_cache to grow and shrink (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: always set conf->prev_chunk_sectors and ->prev_algo (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: avoid races when changing cache size (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: avoid reading parity blocks for full-stripe write to degraded array (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: be more selective about distributing flags across batch (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: break stripe-batches when the array has failed (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: call break_stripe_batch_list from handle_stripe_clean_event (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: change ->inactive_blocked to a bit-flag (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: clear R5_NeedReplace when no longer needed (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: close race between STRIPE_BIT_DELAY and batching (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: close recently introduced race in stripe_head management. - md/raid5: consider updating reshape_position at start of reshape (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: deadlock between retry_aligned_read with barrier io (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: do not do chunk aligned read on degraded array (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: do not index beyond end of array in need_this_block() (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: do not let shrink_slab shrink too far (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: duplicate some more handle_stripe_clean_event code in break_stripe_batch_list (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: Ensure a batch member is not handled prematurely (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: ensure device failure recorded before write request returns (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: ensure whole batch is delayed for all required bitmap updates (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: fix allocation of 'scribble' array (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: fix another livelock caused by non-aligned writes (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: fix handling of degraded stripes in batches (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: fix init_stripe() inconsistencies (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: fix locking in handle_stripe_clean_event() (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: fix newly-broken locking in get_active_stripe. - md/raid5: For stripe with R5_ReadNoMerge, we replace REQ_FLUSH with REQ_NOMERGE. - md/raid5: handle possible race as reshape completes (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: ignore released_stripes check (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: more incorrect BUG_ON in handle_stripe_fill (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: move max_nr_stripes management into grow_one_stripe and drop_one_stripe (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: need_this_block: start simplifying the last two conditions (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: need_this_block: tidy/fix last condition (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: new alloc_stripe() to allocate an initialize a stripe (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: pass gfp_t arg to grow_one_stripe() (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: per hash value and exclusive wait_for_stripe (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: preserve STRIPE_PREREAD_ACTIVE in break_stripe_batch_list. - md/raid5: remove condition test from check_break_stripe_batch_list (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: remove incorrect 'min_t()' when calculating writepos (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: remove redundant check in stripe_add_to_batch_list() (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: separate large if clause out of fetch_block() (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: separate out the easy conditions in need_this_block (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: split wait_for_stripe and introduce wait_for_quiescent (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: strengthen check on reshape_position at run (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: switch to use conf->chunk_sectors in place of mddev->chunk_sectors where possible (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: use bio_list for the list of bios to return (bsc#953048). - md/raid5: use ->lock to protect accessing raid5 sysfs attributes (bsc#953048). - md: remove unwanted white space from md.c (bsc#953048). - md: use set_bit/clear_bit instead of shift/mask for bi_flags changes (bsc#953048). - mm: increase safety margin provided by PF_LESS_THROTTLE (bsc#956491). - mm/swap.c: flush lru pvecs on compound page arrival (bnc#983721). - net: Account for all vlan headers in skb_mac_gso_segment (bsc#968667). - net: disable fragment reassembly if high_thresh is set to zero (bsc#970506). - netfilter: bridge: do not leak skb in error paths (bsc#982544). - netfilter: bridge: forward IPv6 fragmented packets (bsc#982544). - netfilter: bridge: Use __in6_dev_get rather than in6_dev_get in br_validate_ipv6 (bsc#982544). - net: fix wrong mac_len calculation for vlans (bsc#968667). - net/qlge: Avoids recursive EEH error (bsc#954847). - net: Start with correct mac_len in skb_network_protocol (bsc#968667). - nvme: don't poll the CQ from the kthread (bsc#975788, bsc#965087). - PCI/AER: Clear error status registers during enumeration and restore (bsc#985978). - perf/rapl: Fix sysfs_show() initialization for RAPL PMU (bsc#979489). - perf/x86/intel: Add Intel RAPL PP1 energy counter support (bsc#979489). - ppp: defer netns reference release for ppp channel (bsc#980371). - qeth: delete napi struct when removing a qeth device (bnc#988215, LTC#143590). - raid5: add a new flag to track if a stripe can be batched (bsc#953048). - raid5: add an option to avoid copy data from bio to stripe cache (bsc#953048). - raid5: avoid release list until last reference of the stripe (bsc#953048). - raid5: batch adjacent full stripe write (bsc#953048). - raid5: check faulty flag for array status during recovery (bsc#953048). - RAID5: check_reshape() shouldn't call mddev_suspend (bsc#953048). - raid5: fix a race of stripe count check. - raid5: fix broken async operation chain (bsc#953048). - raid5: get_active_stripe avoids device_lock. - raid5: handle expansion/resync case with stripe batching (bsc#953048). - raid5: handle io error of batch list (bsc#953048). - raid5: make_request does less prepare wait. - raid5: relieve lock contention in get_active_stripe(). - raid5: relieve lock contention in get_active_stripe(). - raid5: Retry R5_ReadNoMerge flag when hit a read error. - RAID5: revert e9e4c377e2f563 to fix a livelock (bsc#953048). - raid5: speedup sync_request processing (bsc#953048). - raid5: track overwrite disk count (bsc#953048). - raid5: update analysis state for failed stripe (bsc#953048). - raid5: use flex_array for scribble data (bsc#953048). - Refresh patches.xen/xen-netback-coalesce: Restore copying of SKBs with head exceeding page size (bsc#978469). - s390/3270: add missing tty_kref_put (bnc#979922, LTC#141736). - s390/3270: avoid endless I/O loop with disconnected 3270 terminals (bnc#979922, LTC#141736). - s390/3270: fix garbled output on 3270 tty view (bnc#979922, LTC#141736). - s390/3270: fix view reference counting (bnc#979922, LTC#141736). - s390/3270: handle reconnect of a tty with a different size (bnc#979922, LTC#141736). - s390/3270: hangup the 3270 tty after a disconnect (bnc#979922, LTC#141736). - s390: fix test_fp_ctl inline assembly contraints (bnc#988215, LTC#143138). - s390/mm: fix asce_bits handling with dynamic pagetable levels (bnc#979922, LTC#141456). - s390/spinlock: avoid yield to non existent cpu (bnc#979922, LTC#141106). - sb_edac: correctly fetch DIMM width on Ivy Bridge and Haswell (bsc#979521). - sb_edac: Fix a typo and a thinko in address handling for Haswell (bsc#979521). - sb_edac: Fix support for systems with two home agents per socket (bsc#979521). - sb_edac: look harder for DDRIO on Haswell systems (bsc#979521). - sb_edac: support for Broadwell -EP and -EX (bsc#979521). - sched/cputime: Fix clock_nanosleep()/clock_gettime() inconsistency (bnc#988498). - sched/cputime: Fix cpu_timer_sample_group() double accounting (bnc#988498). - sched: Provide update_curr callbacks for stop/idle scheduling classes (bnc#988498). - sched/x86: Fix up typo in topology detection (bsc#974165). - scsi: Increase REPORT_LUNS timeout (bsc#982282). - series.conf: move netfilter section at the end of core networking - series.conf: move stray netfilter patches to the right section - target/rbd: do not put snap_context twice (bsc#981143). - target/rbd: remove caw_mutex usage (bsc#981143). - Update patches.drivers/0001-nvme-fix-max_segments-integer-trunc ation.patch (bsc#979419). Fix reference. - Update patches.drivers/nvme-0106-init-nvme-queue-before-enablin g-irq.patch (bsc#962742). Fix incorrect bugzilla referece. - usb: quirk to stop runtime PM for Intel 7260 (bnc#984456). - usb: xhci: Add broken streams quirk for Frescologic device id 1009 (bnc#982698). - VSOCK: Fix lockdep issue (bsc#977417). - VSOCK: sock_put wasn't safe to call in interrupt context (bsc#977417). - wait: introduce wait_event_exclusive_cmd (bsc#953048). - x86 EDAC, sb_edac.c: Repair damage introduced when 'fixing' channel address (bsc#979521). - x86 EDAC, sb_edac.c: Take account of channel hashing when needed (bsc#979521). - x86/efi: parse_efi_setup() build fix (bsc#979485). - x86/mm/pat, /dev/mem: Remove superfluous error message (bsc#974620). - x86: Removed the free memblock of hibernat keys to avoid memory corruption (bsc#990058). - x86, sched: Add new topology for multi-NUMA-node CPUs (bsc#974165). - x86: standardize mmap_rnd() usage (bnc#974308). - xen: fix i586 build after SLE12-SP1 commit 2f4c3ff45d5e. - xfs: fix premature enospc on inode allocation (bsc#984148). - xfs: get rid of XFS_IALLOC_BLOCKS macros (bsc#984148). - xfs: get rid of XFS_INODE_CLUSTER_SIZE macros (bsc#984148).
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-04-30
    plugin id 93216
    published 2016-08-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93216
    title openSUSE Security Update : the Linux Kernel (openSUSE-2016-1029)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_SU-2016-2105-1.NASL
    description The SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 SP1 kernel was updated to 3.12.62 to receive various security and bugfixes. The following security bugs were fixed : - CVE-2014-9904: The snd_compress_check_input function in sound/core/compress_offload.c in the ALSA subsystem in the Linux kernel did not properly check for an integer overflow, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (insufficient memory allocation) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted SNDRV_COMPRESS_SET_PARAMS ioctl call (bnc#986811). - CVE-2015-7833: The usbvision driver in the Linux kernel allowed physically proximate attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) via a nonzero bInterfaceNumber value in a USB device descriptor (bnc#950998). - CVE-2015-8551: The PCI backend driver in Xen, when running on an x86 system and using Linux as the driver domain, allowed local guest administrators to hit BUG conditions and cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and host OS crash) by leveraging a system with access to a passed-through MSI or MSI-X capable physical PCI device and a crafted sequence of XEN_PCI_OP_* operations, aka 'Linux pciback missing sanity checks (bnc#957990). - CVE-2015-8552: The PCI backend driver in Xen, when running on an x86 system and using Linux as the driver domain, allowed local guest administrators to generate a continuous stream of WARN messages and cause a denial of service (disk consumption) by leveraging a system with access to a passed-through MSI or MSI-X capable physical PCI device and XEN_PCI_OP_enable_msi operations, aka 'Linux pciback missing sanity checks (bnc#957990). - CVE-2015-8845: The tm_reclaim_thread function in arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c in the Linux kernel on powerpc platforms did not ensure that TM suspend mode exists before proceeding with a tm_reclaim call, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (TM Bad Thing exception and panic) via a crafted application (bnc#975533). - CVE-2016-0758: Integer overflow in lib/asn1_decoder.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges via crafted ASN.1 data (bnc#979867). - CVE-2016-1583: The ecryptfs_privileged_open function in fs/ecryptfs/kthread.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (stack memory consumption) via vectors involving crafted mmap calls for /proc pathnames, leading to recursive pagefault handling (bsc#983143). - CVE-2016-2053: The asn1_ber_decoder function in lib/asn1_decoder.c in the Linux kernel allowed attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) via an ASN.1 BER file that lacks a public key, leading to mishandling by the public_key_verify_signature function in crypto/asymmetric_keys/public_key.c (bnc#963762). - CVE-2016-3672: The arch_pick_mmap_layout function in arch/x86/mm/mmap.c in the Linux kernel did not properly randomize the legacy base address, which made it easier for local users to defeat the intended restrictions on the ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE flag, and bypass the ASLR protection mechanism for a setuid or setgid program, by disabling stack-consumption resource limits (bnc#974308). - CVE-2016-4470: The key_reject_and_link function in security/keys/key.c in the Linux kernel did not ensure that a certain data structure is initialized, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (system crash) via vectors involving a crafted keyctl request2 command (bnc#984755). - CVE-2016-4482: The proc_connectinfo function in drivers/usb/core/devio.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain data structure, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via a crafted USBDEVFS_CONNECTINFO ioctl call (bsc#978401). - CVE-2016-4486: The rtnl_fill_link_ifmap function in net/core/rtnetlink.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain data structure, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory by reading a Netlink message (bnc#978822). - CVE-2016-4565: The InfiniBand (aka IB) stack in the Linux kernel incorrectly relied on the write system call, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (kernel memory write operation) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a uAPI interface (bnc#979548). - CVE-2016-4569: The snd_timer_user_params function in sound/core/timer.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain data structure, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via crafted use of the ALSA timer interface (bsc#979213). - CVE-2016-4578: sound/core/timer.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize certain r1 data structures, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via crafted use of the ALSA timer interface, related to the (1) snd_timer_user_ccallback and (2) snd_timer_user_tinterrupt functions (bnc#979879). - CVE-2016-4805: Use-after-free vulnerability in drivers/net/ppp/ppp_generic.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (memory corruption and system crash, or spinlock) or possibly have unspecified other impact by removing a network namespace, related to the ppp_register_net_channel and ppp_unregister_channel functions (bnc#980371). - CVE-2016-4997: The compat IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE setsockopt implementation in the netfilter subsystem in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) by leveraging in-container root access to provide a crafted offset value that triggers an unintended decrement (bsc#986362). - CVE-2016-4998: The IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE setsockopt implementation in the netfilter subsystem in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) or possibly obtain sensitive information from kernel heap memory by leveraging in-container root access to provide a crafted offset value that leads to crossing a ruleset blob boundary (bsc#986365). - CVE-2016-5244: The rds_inc_info_copy function in net/rds/recv.c in the Linux kernel did not initialize a certain structure member, which allowed remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory by reading an RDS message (bnc#983213). - CVE-2016-5828: The start_thread function in arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c in the Linux kernel on powerpc platforms mishandled transactional state, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (invalid process state or TM Bad Thing exception, and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by starting and suspending a transaction an exec system call (bsc#986569). - CVE-2016-5829: Multiple heap-based buffer overflows in the hiddev_ioctl_usage function in drivers/hid/usbhid/hiddev.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted (1) HIDIOCGUSAGES or (2) HIDIOCSUSAGES ioctl call (bnc#986572). The update package also includes non-security fixes. See advisory for details. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-29
    plugin id 93299
    published 2016-09-02
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93299
    title SUSE SLED12 / SLES12 Security Update : kernel (SUSE-SU-2016:2105-1)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2016-2574.NASL
    description An update for kernel is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. The kernel packages contain the Linux kernel, the core of any Linux operating system. Security Fix(es) : * It was found that the Linux kernel's IPv6 implementation mishandled socket options. A local attacker could abuse concurrent access to the socket options to escalate their privileges, or cause a denial of service (use-after-free and system crash) via a crafted sendmsg system call. (CVE-2016-3841, Important) * Several Moderate and Low impact security issues were found in the Linux kernel. Space precludes documenting each of these issues in this advisory. Refer to the CVE links in the References section for a description of each of these vulnerabilities. (CVE-2013-4312, CVE-2015-8374, CVE-2015-8543, CVE-2015-8812, CVE-2015-8844, CVE-2015-8845, CVE-2016-2053, CVE-2016-2069, CVE-2016-2847, CVE-2016-3156, CVE-2016-4581, CVE-2016-4794, CVE-2016-5412, CVE-2016-5828, CVE-2016-5829, CVE-2016-6136, CVE-2016-6198, CVE-2016-6327, CVE-2016-6480, CVE-2015-8746, CVE-2015-8956, CVE-2016-2117, CVE-2016-2384, CVE-2016-3070, CVE-2016-3699, CVE-2016-4569, CVE-2016-4578) Red Hat would like to thank Philip Pettersson (Samsung) for reporting CVE-2016-2053; Tetsuo Handa for reporting CVE-2016-2847; the Virtuozzo kernel team and Solar Designer (Openwall) for reporting CVE-2016-3156; Justin Yackoski (Cryptonite) for reporting CVE-2016-2117; and Linn Crosetto (HP) for reporting CVE-2016-3699. The CVE-2015-8812 issue was discovered by Venkatesh Pottem (Red Hat Engineering); the CVE-2015-8844 and CVE-2015-8845 issues were discovered by Miroslav Vadkerti (Red Hat Engineering); the CVE-2016-4581 issue was discovered by Eric W. Biederman (Red Hat); the CVE-2016-6198 issue was discovered by CAI Qian (Red Hat); and the CVE-2016-3070 issue was discovered by Jan Stancek (Red Hat). Additional Changes : For detailed information on changes in this release, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Release Notes linked from the References section.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 94537
    published 2016-11-04
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94537
    title RHEL 7 : kernel (RHSA-2016:2574)
  • NASL family Oracle Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2016-2574.NASL
    description From Red Hat Security Advisory 2016:2574 : An update for kernel is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. The kernel packages contain the Linux kernel, the core of any Linux operating system. Security Fix(es) : * It was found that the Linux kernel's IPv6 implementation mishandled socket options. A local attacker could abuse concurrent access to the socket options to escalate their privileges, or cause a denial of service (use-after-free and system crash) via a crafted sendmsg system call. (CVE-2016-3841, Important) * Several Moderate and Low impact security issues were found in the Linux kernel. Space precludes documenting each of these issues in this advisory. Refer to the CVE links in the References section for a description of each of these vulnerabilities. (CVE-2013-4312, CVE-2015-8374, CVE-2015-8543, CVE-2015-8812, CVE-2015-8844, CVE-2015-8845, CVE-2016-2053, CVE-2016-2069, CVE-2016-2847, CVE-2016-3156, CVE-2016-4581, CVE-2016-4794, CVE-2016-5412, CVE-2016-5828, CVE-2016-5829, CVE-2016-6136, CVE-2016-6198, CVE-2016-6327, CVE-2016-6480, CVE-2015-8746, CVE-2015-8956, CVE-2016-2117, CVE-2016-2384, CVE-2016-3070, CVE-2016-3699, CVE-2016-4569, CVE-2016-4578) Red Hat would like to thank Philip Pettersson (Samsung) for reporting CVE-2016-2053; Tetsuo Handa for reporting CVE-2016-2847; the Virtuozzo kernel team and Solar Designer (Openwall) for reporting CVE-2016-3156; Justin Yackoski (Cryptonite) for reporting CVE-2016-2117; and Linn Crosetto (HP) for reporting CVE-2016-3699. The CVE-2015-8812 issue was discovered by Venkatesh Pottem (Red Hat Engineering); the CVE-2015-8844 and CVE-2015-8845 issues were discovered by Miroslav Vadkerti (Red Hat Engineering); the CVE-2016-4581 issue was discovered by Eric W. Biederman (Red Hat); the CVE-2016-6198 issue was discovered by CAI Qian (Red Hat); and the CVE-2016-3070 issue was discovered by Jan Stancek (Red Hat). Additional Changes : For detailed information on changes in this release, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Release Notes linked from the References section.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-10-24
    plugin id 94697
    published 2016-11-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94697
    title Oracle Linux 7 : kernel (ELSA-2016-2574)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_SU-2017-0471-1.NASL
    description The SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 GA LTSS kernel was updated to 3.12.61 to receive various security and bugfixes. The following feature was implemented : - The ext2 filesystem got reenabled and supported to allow support for 'XIP' (Execute In Place) (FATE#320805). The following security bugs were fixed : - CVE-2017-5551: The tmpfs filesystem implementation in the Linux kernel preserved the setgid bit during a setxattr call, which allowed local users to gain group privileges by leveraging the existence of a setgid program with restrictions on execute permissions (bsc#1021258). - CVE-2016-7097: The filesystem implementation in the Linux kernel preserved the setgid bit during a setxattr call, which allowed local users to gain group privileges by leveraging the existence of a setgid program with restrictions on execute permissions (bnc#995968). - CVE-2017-2583: A Linux kernel built with the Kernel-based Virtual Machine (CONFIG_KVM) support was vulnerable to an incorrect segment selector(SS) value error. A user/process inside guest could have used this flaw to crash the guest resulting in DoS or potentially escalate their privileges inside guest. (bsc#1020602). - CVE-2017-2584: arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) via a crafted application that leverages instruction emulation for fxrstor, fxsave, sgdt, and sidt (bnc#1019851). - CVE-2016-10088: The sg implementation in the Linux kernel did not properly restrict write operations in situations where the KERNEL_DS option is set, which allowed local users to read or write to arbitrary kernel memory locations or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) by leveraging access to a /dev/sg device, related to block/bsg.c and drivers/scsi/sg.c. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2016-9576 (bnc#1017710). - CVE-2016-8645: The TCP stack in the Linux kernel mishandled skb truncation, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (system crash) via a crafted application that made sendto system calls, related to net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c and net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c (bnc#1009969). - CVE-2016-8399: An elevation of privilege vulnerability in the kernel networking subsystem could enable a local malicious application to execute arbitrary code within the context of the kernel. This issue is rated as Moderate because it first requires compromising a privileged process and current compiler optimizations restrict access to the vulnerable code. Product: Android. Versions: Kernel-3.10, Kernel-3.18. Android ID: A-31349935 (bnc#1014746). - CVE-2016-9806: Race condition in the netlink_dump function in net/netlink/af_netlink.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (double free) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted application that made sendmsg system calls, leading to a free operation associated with a new dump that started earlier than anticipated (bnc#1013540). - CVE-2016-9756: arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c in the Linux kernel did not properly initialize Code Segment (CS) in certain error cases, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel stack memory via a crafted application (bnc#1013038). - CVE-2016-9793: The sock_setsockopt function in net/core/sock.c in the Linux kernel mishandled negative values of sk_sndbuf and sk_rcvbuf, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (memory corruption and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by leveraging the CAP_NET_ADMIN capability for a crafted setsockopt system call with the (1) SO_SNDBUFFORCE or (2) SO_RCVBUFFORCE option (bnc#1013531). - CVE-2016-7910: Use-after-free vulnerability in the disk_seqf_stop function in block/genhd.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges by leveraging the execution of a certain stop operation even if the corresponding start operation had failed (bnc#1010716). - CVE-2015-8962: Double free vulnerability in the sg_common_write function in drivers/scsi/sg.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (memory corruption and system crash) by detaching a device during an SG_IO ioctl call (bnc#1010501). - CVE-2016-7913: The xc2028_set_config function in drivers/media/tuners/tuner-xc2028.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) via vectors involving omission of the firmware name from a certain data structure (bnc#1010478). - CVE-2016-7911: Race condition in the get_task_ioprio function in block/ioprio.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) via a crafted ioprio_get system call (bnc#1010711). - CVE-2015-8964: The tty_set_termios_ldisc function in drivers/tty/tty_ldisc.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory by reading a tty data structure (bnc#1010507). - CVE-2015-8963: Race condition in kernel/events/core.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) by leveraging incorrect handling of an swevent data structure during a CPU unplug operation (bnc#1010502). - CVE-2016-7914: The assoc_array_insert_into_terminal_node function in lib/assoc_array.c in the Linux kernel did not check whether a slot is a leaf, which allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory or cause a denial of service (invalid pointer dereference and out-of-bounds read) via an application that uses associative-array data structures, as demonstrated by the keyutils test suite (bnc#1010475). - CVE-2016-8633: drivers/firewire/net.c in the Linux kernel allowed remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted fragmented packets (bnc#1008833). - CVE-2016-9083: drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to bypass integer overflow checks, and cause a denial of service (memory corruption) or have unspecified other impact, by leveraging access to a vfio PCI device file for a VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS ioctl call, aka a 'state machine confusion bug (bnc#1007197). - CVE-2016-9084: drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_intrs.c in the Linux kernel misused the kzalloc function, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (integer overflow) or have unspecified other impact by leveraging access to a vfio PCI device file (bnc#1007197). - CVE-2016-7042: The proc_keys_show function in security/keys/proc.c in the Linux kernel uses an incorrect buffer size for certain timeout data, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (stack memory corruption and panic) by reading the /proc/keys file (bnc#1004517). - CVE-2015-8956: The rfcomm_sock_bind function in net/bluetooth/rfcomm/sock.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to obtain sensitive information or cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference) via vectors involving a bind system call on a Bluetooth RFCOMM socket (bnc#1003925). - CVE-2016-8658: Stack-based buffer overflow in the brcmf_cfg80211_start_ap function in drivers/net/wireless/broadcom/brcm80211/brcmfmac/cfg8021 1.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a long SSID Information Element in a command to a Netlink socket (bnc#1004462). - CVE-2016-7425: The arcmsr_iop_message_xfer function in drivers/scsi/arcmsr/arcmsr_hba.c in the Linux kernel did not restrict a certain length field, which allowed local users to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (heap-based buffer overflow) via an ARCMSR_MESSAGE_WRITE_WQBUFFER control code (bnc#999932). - CVE-2016-6327: drivers/infiniband/ulp/srpt/ib_srpt.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and system crash) by using an ABORT_TASK command to abort a device write operation (bnc#994748). - CVE-2016-6828: The tcp_check_send_head function in include/net/tcp.h in the Linux kernel did not properly maintain certain SACK state after a failed data copy, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue use-after-free and system crash) via a crafted SACK option (bnc#994296). - CVE-2016-5696: net/ipv4/tcp_input.c in the Linux kernel did not properly determine the rate of challenge ACK segments, which made it easier for remote attackers to hijack TCP sessions via a blind in-window attack (bnc#989152). - CVE-2016-6130: Race condition in the sclp_ctl_ioctl_sccb function in drivers/s390/char/sclp_ctl.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to obtain sensitive information from kernel memory by changing a certain length value, aka a 'double fetch' vulnerability (bnc#987542). - CVE-2016-6480: Race condition in the ioctl_send_fib function in drivers/scsi/aacraid/commctrl.c in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds access or system crash) by changing a certain size value, aka a 'double fetch' vulnerability (bnc#991608). - CVE-2016-4998: The IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE setsockopt implementation in the netfilter subsystem in the Linux kernel allowed local users to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) or possibly obtain sensitive information from kernel heap memory by leveraging in-container root access to provide a crafted offset value that leads to crossing a ruleset blob boundary (bnc#986362 bnc#986365). - CVE-2016-5828: The start_thread function in arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c in the Linux kernel on powerpc platforms mishandled transactional state, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (invalid process state or TM Bad Thing exception, and system crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact by starting and suspending a transaction before an exec system call (bnc#986569). - CVE-2014-9904: The snd_compress_check_input function in sound/core/compress_offload.c in the ALSA subsystem in the Linux kernel did not properly check for an integer overflow, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (insufficient memory allocation) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted SNDRV_COMPRESS_SET_PARAMS ioctl call (bnc#986811). - CVE-2016-5829: Multiple heap-based buffer overflows in the hiddev_ioctl_usage function in drivers/hid/usbhid/hiddev.c in the Linux kernel allow local users to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted (1) HIDIOCGUSAGES or (2) HIDIOCSUSAGES ioctl call (bnc#986572). - CVE-2016-4470: The key_reject_and_link function in security/keys/key.c in the Linux kernel did not ensure that a certain data structure is initialized, which allowed local users to cause a denial of service (system crash) via vectors involving a crafted keyctl request2 command (bnc#984755). The update package also includes non-security fixes. See advisory for details. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-30
    plugin id 97205
    published 2017-02-16
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=97205
    title SUSE SLES12 Security Update : kernel (SUSE-SU-2017:0471-1)
redhat via4
advisories
rhsa
id RHSA-2016:2574
rpms
  • kernel-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-abi-whitelists-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-bootwrapper-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-debug-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-debug-devel-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-devel-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-doc-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-headers-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-kdump-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-kdump-devel-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-tools-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-tools-libs-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • kernel-tools-libs-devel-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • perf-0:3.10.0-514.el7
  • python-perf-0:3.10.0-514.el7
refmap via4
bid 91415
debian DSA-3616
misc https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/636776/
mlist [oss-security] 20160625 Re: CVE Request: Linux: powerpc/tm: Always reclaim in start_thread() for exec() class syscalls - Linux kernel
suse
  • SUSE-SU-2016:1937
  • SUSE-SU-2016:2105
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:2184
ubuntu
  • USN-3070-1
  • USN-3070-2
  • USN-3070-3
  • USN-3070-4
  • USN-3071-1
  • USN-3071-2
Last major update 28-11-2016 - 15:29
Published 27-06-2016 - 06:59
Last modified 04-01-2018 - 21:31
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