ID CVE-2016-4758
Summary WebKit in Apple iOS before 10, iTunes before 12.5.1 on Windows, and Safari before 10 does not properly restrict access to the location variable, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information via a crafted web site.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple Safari 9.1.3
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:9.1.3
  • Apple iPhone OS 9.3.5
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:iphone_os:9.3.5
  • Apple iTunes 12.4.3
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:itunes:12.4.3
  • Microsoft Windows
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows
CVSS
Base: 4.3 (as of 26-09-2016 - 16:50)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE NONE
nessus via4
  • NASL family Peer-To-Peer File Sharing
    NASL id ITUNES_12_5_1_BANNER.NASL
    description The version of Apple iTunes running on the remote Windows host is prior to 12.5.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists due to improper handling of error prototypes. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-4728) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit due to a permission issue caused by improper handling of the location variable. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2016-4758) - Multiple memory corruption errors exist in WebKit due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these issues, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-4759, CVE-2016-4762, CVE-2016-4764, CVE-2016-4765, CVE-2016-4766, CVE-2016-4767, CVE-2016-4768, CVE-2016-4769) - A rebinding flaw exists in WebKit due to a failure to restrict HTTP/0.9 responses to default ports and cancel resource loads if a document is loaded with a different HTTP protocol version. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to access non-HTTP services. (CVE-2016-4760) - A security bypass vulnerability exists in WebKit in the WKWebView component due to a failure to properly verify X.509 certificates from HTTPS servers. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted certificate, to spoof servers and disclose or manipulate network traffic. (CVE-2016-4763) Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 94971
    published 2016-11-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94971
    title Apple iTunes < 12.5.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities (uncredentialed Check)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id ITUNES_12_5_1.NASL
    description The version of Apple iTunes installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 12.5.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A remote code execution vulnerability exists due to improper handling of error prototypes. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-4728) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in WebKit due to a permission issue caused by improper handling of the location variable. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2016-4758) - Multiple memory corruption errors exist in WebKit due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these issues, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-4759, CVE-2016-4762, CVE-2016-4764, CVE-2016-4765, CVE-2016-4766, CVE-2016-4767, CVE-2016-4768, CVE-2016-4769) - A rebinding flaw exists in WebKit due to a failure to restrict HTTP/0.9 responses to default ports and cancel resource loads if a document is loaded with a different HTTP protocol version. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a maliciously crafted website, to access non-HTTP services. (CVE-2016-4760) - A security bypass vulnerability exists in WebKit in the WKWebView component due to a failure to properly verify X.509 certificates from HTTPS servers. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted certificate, to spoof servers and disclose or manipulate network traffic. (CVE-2016-4763) Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 94914
    published 2016-11-16
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94914
    title Apple iTunes < 12.5.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities (credentialed check)
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_SAFARI10_0.NASL
    description The version of Apple Safari installed on the remote Mac OS X or macOS host is prior to 10.0. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - Multiple memory corruption issues exist in WebKit that allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service condition or execute arbitrary code via specially a crafted website. (CVE-2016-4611, CVE-2016-4729, CVE-2016-4730, CVE-2016-4731, CVE-2016-4734, CVE-2016-4735, CVE-2016-4737, CVE-2016-4759, CVE-2016-4762, CVE-2016-4766, CVE-2016-4767, CVE-2016-4768, CVE-2016-4769) - A cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists in the Reader feature due to improper validation of user-supplied input before returning it to users. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to follow a specially crafted link, to execute arbitrary script code in a user's browser session. (CVE-2016-4618) - A flaw exists in WebKit due to improper handling of error prototypes. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted website, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-4728) - Multiple flaws exist in WebKit due to improper state management. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted website, to cause a denial of service condition or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-4733, CVE-2016-4765) - An address bar spoofing vulnerability exists due to a state management flaw related to sessions in tabs. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted website, to spoof an address in the address bar. (CVE-2016-4751) - A flaw exists in WebKit due to improper handling of the location variable. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted website, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2016-4758) - A flaw exists in WebKit that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to conduct DNS rebinding attacks against non-HTTP Safari sessions by leveraging HTTP/0.9 support. (CVE-2016-4760) - A flaw exists in WebKit in the WKWebView component due to improper validation of X.509 certificates from HTTPS servers. A man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit this, via a crafted certificate, to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2016-4763)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 93721
    published 2016-09-26
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=93721
    title Mac OS X : Apple Safari < 10.0 Multiple Vulnerabilities
refmap via4
apple
  • APPLE-SA-2016-09-20-2
  • APPLE-SA-2016-09-20-3
  • APPLE-SA-2016-09-20-7
bid 93066
confirm
misc http://mksben.l0.cm/2016/09/safari-uxss-showModalDialog.html
sectrack 1036854
Last major update 28-11-2016 - 15:21
Published 25-09-2016 - 06:59
Last modified 29-07-2017 - 21:29
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