ID CVE-2016-3236
Summary The Web Proxy Auto Discovery (WPAD) protocol implementation in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandles proxy discovery, which allows remote attackers to redirect network traffic via unspecified vectors, aka "Windows WPAD Proxy Discovery Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1511
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_10:1511
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows RT 8.1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt_8.1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
CVSS
Base: 10.0 (as of 12-08-2016 - 10:58)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-19
CAPEC
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • XML Nested Payloads
    Applications often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. By nesting XML data and causing this data to be continuously self-referential, an attacker can cause the XML parser to consume more resources while processing, causing excessive memory consumption and CPU utilization. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In most cases this type of an attack will result in a denial of service due to an application becoming unstable, freezing, or crash. However it may be possible to cause a crash resulting in arbitrary code execution, leading to a jump from the data plane to the control plane [R.230.1].
  • XML Oversized Payloads
    Applications often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. By supplying oversized payloads in input vectors that will be processed by the XML parser, an attacker can cause the XML parser to consume more resources while processing, causing excessive memory consumption and CPU utilization, and potentially cause execution of arbitrary code. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In many cases this type of an attack will result in a denial of service due to an application becoming unstable, freezing, or crash. However it is possible to cause a crash resulting in arbitrary code execution, leading to a jump from the data plane to the control plane [R.231.1].
  • XML Client-Side Attack
    Client applications such as web browsers that process HTML data often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. These adverse effects may include the parser crashing, consuming too much of a resource, executing too slowly, executing code supplied by an attacker, allowing usage of unintended system functionality, etc. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In some cases it may be possible to jump from the data plane to the control plane via bad data being passed to an XML parser. [R.484.1]
  • XML Parser Attack
    Applications often need to transform data in and out of the XML format by using an XML parser. It may be possible for an attacker to inject data that may have an adverse effect on the XML parser when it is being processed. These adverse effects may include the parser crashing, consuming too much of a resource, executing too slowly, executing code supplied by an attacker, allowing usage of unintended system functionality, etc. An attacker's goal is to leverage parser failure to his or her advantage. In some cases it may be possible to jump from the data plane to the control plane via bad data being passed to an XML parser. [R.99.1]
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
metasploit via4
description This module listens for a NetBIOS name request and then continuously spams NetBIOS responses to a target for given hostname, causing the target to cache a malicious address for this name. On high-speed networks, the PPSRATE value should be increased to speed up this attack. As an example, a value of around 30,000 is almost 100% successful when spoofing a response for a 'WPAD' lookup. Distant targets may require more time and lower rates for a successful attack. This module works when the target is behind a NAT gateway, since the stream of NetBIOS responses will keep the NAT mapping alive after the initial setup. To trigger the initial NetBIOS request to the Metasploit system, force the target to access a UNC link pointing to the same address (HTML, Office attachment, etc). This NAT-piercing issue was named the 'BadTunnel' vulnerability by the discoverer, Yu Yang (@tombkeeper). The Microsoft patches (MS16-063/MS16-077) impact the way that the proxy host (WPAD) host is identified, but do change the predictability of NetBIOS requests.
id MSF:AUXILIARY/SERVER/NETBIOS_SPOOF_NAT
last seen 2019-02-28
modified 2017-07-24
published 2016-06-19
reliability Normal
reporter Rapid7
source https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/blob/master/modules/auxiliary/server/netbios_spoof_nat.rb
title NetBIOS Response "BadTunnel" Brute Force Spoof (NAT Tunnel)
msbulletin via4
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS16-077.NASL
description The remote Windows host is missing a security update. It is, therefore, affected by multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities : - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Web Proxy Auto Discovery (WPAD) protocol due to improper handling of the proxy discovery process. A remote attacker can exploit this, by responding to NetBIOS name requests for WPAD, to bypass security restrictions and gain elevated privileges. (CVE-2016-3213) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Web Proxy Auto Discovery (WPAD) protocol due to improper handling of certain proxy discovery scenarios. A remote attacker can exploit this to elevate privileges, resulting in the ability to disclose or control network traffic. (CVE-2016-3236) - An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in NetBIOS due to improper handling of responses. A remote attacker can exploit this, via specially crafted NetBIOS responses, to appear as a trusted network device, resulting in the ability to render untrusted content in a browser outside of Enhanced Protected Mode (EPM) or an application container. (CVE-2016-3299)
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 91605
published 2016-06-14
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91605
title MS16-077: Security Update for WPAD (3165191)
refmap via4
ms MS16-077
sectrack 1036104
Last major update 29-11-2016 - 22:05
Published 15-06-2016 - 21:59
Last modified 12-10-2018 - 18:12
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