ID CVE-2016-2074
Summary Buffer overflow in lib/flow.c in ovs-vswitchd in Open vSwitch 2.2.x and 2.3.x before 2.3.3 and 2.4.x before 2.4.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted MPLS packets, as demonstrated by a long string in an ovs-appctl command.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.2.0
    cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.2.0
  • cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.3.0
    cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.3.0
  • cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.3.1
    cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.3.1
  • cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.3.2
    cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.3.2
  • cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.4.0
    cpe:2.3:a:openvswitch:openvswitch:2.4.0
  • Red Hat OpenShift Enterprise 3.1
    cpe:2.3:a:redhat:openshift:3.1:-:-:-:enterprise
CVSS
Base: 7.5 (as of 15-07-2016 - 09:23)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL PARTIAL PARTIAL
nessus via4
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_B53BBF58257F11E69F4D20CF30E32F6D.NASL
    description Open vSwitch reports : Multiple versions of Open vSwitch are vulnerable to remote buffer overflow attacks, in which crafted MPLS packets could overflow the buffer reserved for MPLS labels in an OVS internal data structure. The MPLS packets that trigger the vulnerability and the potential for exploitation vary depending on version : Open vSwitch 2.1.x and earlier are not vulnerable. In Open vSwitch 2.2.x and 2.3.x, the MPLS buffer overflow can be exploited for arbitrary remote code execution. In Open vSwitch 2.4.x, the MPLS buffer overflow does not obviously lead to a remote code execution exploit, but testing shows that it can allow a remote denial of service. See the mitigation section for details. Open vSwitch 2.5.x is not vulnerable.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-19
    plugin id 91375
    published 2016-05-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91375
    title FreeBSD : openvswitch -- MPLS buffer overflow (b53bbf58-257f-11e6-9f4d-20cf30e32f6d)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3533.NASL
    description Kashyap Thimmaraju and Bhargava Shastry discovered a remotely triggerable buffer overflow vulnerability in openvswitch, a production quality, multilayer virtual switch implementation. Specially crafted MPLS packets could overflow the buffer reserved for MPLS labels in an OVS internal data structure. A remote attacker can take advantage of this flaw to cause a denial of service, or potentially, execution of arbitrary code.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 90252
    published 2016-03-29
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90252
    title Debian DSA-3533-1 : openvswitch - security update
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201701-07.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201701-07 (Open vSwitch: Remote execution of arbitrary code) A buffer overflow was discovered in lib/flow.c in ovs-vswitchd. Impact : A remote attacker, using a specially crafted MPLS packet, could execute arbitrary code. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2017-01-03
    plugin id 96238
    published 2017-01-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=96238
    title GLSA-201701-07 : Open vSwitch: Remote execution of arbitrary code
  • NASL family Misc.
    NASL id CITRIX_XENSERVER_CTX232655.NASL
    description The version of Citrix XenServer running on the remote host is missing a security hotfix. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-09
    plugin id 108887
    published 2018-04-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=108887
    title Citrix XenServer Multiple Vulnerabilities (CTX232655)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2016-0615.NASL
    description Updated openvswitch packages that fix one security issue are now available for Red Hat OpenShift Enterprise 3.1. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Important security impact. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available from the CVE link in the References section. OpenShift Enterprise by Red Hat is the company's cloud computing Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) solution designed for on-premise or private cloud deployments. A buffer overflow flaw was discovered in the OVS processing of MPLS labels. A remote attacker able to deliver a frame containing a malicious MPLS label that would be processed by OVS could trigger the flaw and use the resulting memory corruption to cause a denial of service (DoS) or, possibly, execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-2074) Red Hat would like to thank the Open vSwitch Project for reporting these issues. Upstream acknowledges Kashyap Thimmaraju and Bhargava Shastry as the original reporters of CVE-2016-2074. This update includes the following images : openshift3/openvswitch:v3.1.1.6-9 aep3_beta/openvswitch:v3.1.1.6-9 openshift3/node:v3.1.1.6-16 aep3_beta/node:v3.1.1.6-16 All openvswitch users are advised to upgrade to this updated package, which contains a backported patch to correct this issue.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-04
    plugin id 119369
    published 2018-12-04
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=119369
    title RHEL 7 : openvswitch (RHSA-2016:0615)
redhat via4
advisories
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2016:0523
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2016:0524
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2016:0537
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2016:0615
refmap via4
bid 85700
confirm
debian DSA-3533
gentoo GLSA-201701-07
mlist
  • [ovs-announce] 20160328 CVE-2016-2074: MPLS buffer overflow vulnerabilities in Open vSwitch
  • [ovs-announce] 20160328 Open vSwitch 2.4.1 and 2.3.3 Available
Last major update 03-01-2017 - 21:59
Published 03-07-2016 - 17:59
Last modified 22-03-2018 - 21:29
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