ID CVE-2016-1748
Summary IOHIDFamily in Apple iOS before 9.3, OS X before 10.11.4, tvOS before 9.2, and watchOS before 2.2 allows attackers to obtain sensitive kernel memory-layout information via a crafted app.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple WatchOS 2.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:watchos:2.1
  • Apple TV 9.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:apple_tv:9.1
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.11.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.11.3
  • Apple iPhone OS 9.2.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:iphone_os:9.2.1
CVSS
Base: 4.3 (as of 25-03-2016 - 10:06)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE NONE
nessus via4
  • NASL family Misc.
    NASL id APPLETV_9_2.NASL
    description According to its banner, the remote Apple TV device is a version prior to 9.2. It is, therefore, affected by the following vulnerabilities : - An XML external entity (XXE) expansion flaw exists in libxml2 due to the XML parser accepting entities from untrusted sources. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via crafted XML data, to cause a denial of service through resource exhaustion. (CVE-2015-1819) - An XML external entity (XXE) injection flaw exists in libxml2 in file parser.c due to the XML parser accepting entities from untrusted sources. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via crafted XML data, to cause a denial of service or to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2015-5312) - A heap buffer overflow condition exists in libxml2 in the xmlGROW() function within file parser.c while handling XML data. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2015-7499) - An out-of-bounds heap read error exists in libxml2 in the xmlParseMisc() function within file parser.c while handling entity boundaries. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service. (CVE-2015-7500) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in libxml2 in the xmlParseConditionalSections() function within file parser.c due to a failure to properly skip intermediary entities when it stops parsing invalid input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via crafted XML data, to cause a denial of service. (CVE-2015-7942) - A flaw exists in libxml2 in the xz_decomp() function within file xzlib.c due to a failure to properly detect compression errors when handling compressed XML content. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via crafted XML data, to cause an infinite loop, resulting in a denial of service. (CVE-2015-8035) - A out-of-bounds read error exists in libxml2 in the xmlSAX2TextNode() function within file SAX2.c due to improper sanitization of input data. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via crafted XML data, to cause a denial of service or to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2015-8242) - A use-after-free error exists in Nghttp2 within file lib/nghttp2_session.c when handling idle streams. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to deference already freed memory, allowing the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2015-8659) - An overflow condition exists in the Broadcom Wi-Fi driver due to improper validation of data while handling SSID or WPS_ID_DEVICE_NAME values. An unauthenticated, adjacent attacker can exploit this, via a crafted wireless control message packet, to cause a denial of service or to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-0801) - An overflow condition exists in the Broadcom Wi-Fi driver due to improper validation of user-supplied input when handling the packet length of event messages. An unauthenticated, adjacent attacker can exploit this, via a crafted wireless control message packet, to cause a denial of service or to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-0802) - A flaw exists in FontParser due to improper validation of user-supplied input when handling encoded fonts that contain invalid characters. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted PDF document, to corrupt memory, resulting in a denial of service or the execution arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1740) - A flaw exists in IOHIDFamily due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted application, to gain access to kernel memory layout information. (CVE-2016-1748) - A use-after-free error exists in the kernel that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code via a crafted application. (CVE-2016-1750) - A flaw exists in the kernel due to a failure to properly restrict execution permissions. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted application, to bypass code-signing protection mechanisms. (CVE-2016-1751) - An unspecified flaw exists in the kernel that allows a local attacker to cause a denial of service via a crafted application. (CVE-2016-1752) - An integer overflow condition exists in the kernel due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted application, to gain elevated privileges. (CVE-2016-1753) - A memory corruption issue exists in the kernel due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to install a malicious application, to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code. CVE-2016-1754) - A use-after-free error exists in the AppleKeyStore user client when handling multiple threads, which is triggered when one thread closes the user client while another attempts to call an external method. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to install a malicious application, to execute arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2016-1755) - A flaw exists in libxml2 due to improper validation of user-supplied input while handling XML content. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted XML document, to cause a denial of service or to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1762) - An out-of-bounds write error exists in TrueTypeScaler due to improper validation of user-supplied input while handling bdat tables in TTF fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted TTF font, to cause a denial or service or to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1775) - A flaw exists in WebKit due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted website, to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1783) - An unspecified flaw exists in the History implementation of WebKit that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service via a crafted website. (CVE-2016-1784) - A heap buffer overflow condition exists in Mozilla Network Security Services due to improper validation of user-supplied input while parsing ASN.1 structures. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via crafted ASN.1 data in an X.509 certificate, to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1950) Note that only 4th generation models are affected by these vulnerabilities, and this plugin only checks these models.
    last seen 2018-03-10
    modified 2018-03-09
    plugin id 90309
    published 2016-04-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90309
    title Apple TV < 9.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_10_11_4.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X that is 10.11.x prior to 10.11.4. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities in the following components : - apache_mod_php - AppleRAID - AppleUSBNetworking - Bluetooth - Carbon - dyld - FontParser - HTTPProtocol - Intel Graphics Driver - IOFireWireFamily - IOGraphics - IOHIDFamily - IOUSBFamily - Kernel - libxml2 - Messages - NVIDIA Graphics Drivers - OpenSSH - OpenSSL - Python - QuickTime - Reminders - Ruby - Security - Tcl - TrueTypeScaler - Wi-Fi Note that successful exploitation of the most serious issues can result in arbitrary code execution.
    last seen 2017-10-29
    modified 2016-07-13
    plugin id 90096
    published 2016-03-22
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90096
    title Mac OS X 10.11.x < 10.11.4 Multiple Vulnerabilities
refmap via4
apple
  • APPLE-SA-2015-12-08-1
  • APPLE-SA-2015-12-08-2
  • APPLE-SA-2015-12-08-3
  • APPLE-SA-2015-12-08-4
confirm
sectrack 1035353
Last major update 02-12-2016 - 22:22
Published 23-03-2016 - 21:59
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