ID CVE-2016-1651
Summary fxcodec/codec/fx_codec_jpx_opj.cpp in PDFium, as used in Google Chrome before 50.0.2661.75, does not properly implement the sycc420_to_rgb and sycc422_to_rgb functions, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory or cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) via crafted JPEG 2000 data in a PDF document.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Google Chrome 49.0.2623.112
    cpe:2.3:a:google:chrome:49.0.2623.112
  • Debian Linux 8.0 (Jessie)
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:8.0
  • openSUSE Leap 42.1
    cpe:2.3:o:opensuse:leap:42.1
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise 12.0
    cpe:2.3:o:suse:linux_enterprise:12.0
CVSS
Base: 5.8 (as of 29-07-2016 - 10:39)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE PARTIAL
nessus via4
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-1061.NASL
    description Chromium was updated to 50.0.2661.75 to fix the following vulnerabilities : - CVE-2016-1651: Out-of-bounds read in Pdfium JPEG2000 decoding - CVE-2016-1652: Universal XSS in extension bindings - CVE-2016-1653: Out-of-bounds write in V8 - CVE-2016-1654: Uninitialized memory read in media - CVE-2016-1655: Use-after-free related to extensions - CVE-2016-1656: Android downloaded file path restriction bypass - CVE-2016-1657: Address bar spoofing - CVE-2016-1658: Potential leak of sensitive information to malicious extensions - CVE-2016-1659: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 90569
    published 2016-04-19
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90569
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-1061)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id GOOGLE_CHROME_50_0_2661_75.NASL
    description The version of Google Chrome installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 50.0.2661.75. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An out-of-bounds read error exists in PDFium in the sycc420_to_rgb() and sycc422_to_rgb() functions within file fxcodec/codec/fx_codec_jpx_opj.cpp that is triggered when decoding JPEG2000 images. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service or disclose memory contents. (CVE-2016-1651) - A cross-site scripting vulnerability exists due to a failure by extension bindings to validate input before returning it to users. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted request, to execute arbitrary script code in the user's browser session. (CVE-2016-1652) - An out-of-bounds write error exists in Google V8, related to the LoadBuffer operator, that is triggered when handling typed arrays. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to corrupt memory, resulting in a denial of service or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1653) - An uninitialized memory read error exists in media that allows an attacker to have an unspecified impact. No other details are available. (CVE-2016-1654) - A use-after-free error exists in extensions that is triggered when handling frame removal by content scripts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to dereference already freed memory, resulting in arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2016-1655) - A flaw exists, related to content disposition, due to the improper sanitization of the names of downloaded files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to bypass path restrictions. (CVE-2016-1656) - A flaw exists in the FocusLocationBarByDefault() function of the WebContentsImpl class within the file content/browser/web_contents/web_contents_impl.cc that allows an authenticated, remote attacker to spoof the address bar. (CVE-2016-1657) - An unspecified flaw exists that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive information by using malicious extensions. (CVE-2016-1658) - Multiple vulnerabilities exist in Chrome, the most serious of which allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1659)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-12
    plugin id 90542
    published 2016-04-15
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90542
    title Google Chrome < 50.0.2661.75 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3549.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the chromium web browser. - CVE-2016-1651 An out-of-bounds read issue was discovered in the pdfium library. - CVE-2016-1652 A cross-site scripting issue was discovered in extension bindings. - CVE-2016-1653 Choongwoo Han discovered an out-of-bounds write issue in the v8 JavaScript library. - CVE-2016-1654 Atte Kettunen discovered an uninitialized memory read condition. - CVE-2016-1655 Rob Wu discovered a use-after-free issue related to extensions. - CVE-2016-1657 Luan Herrera discovered a way to spoof URLs. - CVE-2016-1658 Antonio Sanso discovered an information leak related to extensions. - CVE-2016-1659 The chrome development team found and fixed various issues during internal auditing.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 90549
    published 2016-04-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90549
    title Debian DSA-3549-1 : chromium-browser - security update
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-504.NASL
    description Chromium was updated to 50.0.2661.75 to fix the following vulnerabilities : - CVE-2016-1651: Out-of-bounds read in Pdfium JPEG2000 decoding - CVE-2016-1652: Universal XSS in extension bindings - CVE-2016-1653: Out-of-bounds write in V8 - CVE-2016-1654: Uninitialized memory read in media - CVE-2016-1655: Use-after-free related to extensions - CVE-2016-1656: Android downloaded file path restriction bypass - CVE-2016-1657: Address bar spoofing - CVE-2016-1658: Potential leak of sensitive information to malicious extensions - CVE-2016-1659: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 90701
    published 2016-04-25
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90701
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-504)
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_6D8505F0061411E6B39C00262D5ED8EE.NASL
    description Google Chrome Releases reports : 20 security fixes in this release, including : - [590275] High CVE-2016-1652: Universal XSS in extension bindings. Credit to anonymous. - [589792] High CVE-2016-1653: Out-of-bounds write in V8. Credit to Choongwoo Han. - [591785] Medium CVE-2016-1651: Out-of-bounds read in Pdfium JPEG2000 decoding. Credit to kdot working with HP's Zero Day Initiative. - [589512] Medium CVE-2016-1654: Uninitialized memory read in media. Credit to Atte Kettunen of OUSPG. - [582008] Medium CVE-2016-1655: Use-after-free related to extensions. Credit to Rob Wu. - [570750] Medium CVE-2016-1656: Android downloaded file path restriction bypass. Credit to Dzmitry Lukyanenko. - [567445] Medium CVE-2016-1657: Address bar spoofing. Credit to Luan Herrera. - [573317] Low CVE-2016-1658: Potential leak of sensitive information to malicious extensions. Credit to Antonio Sanso (@asanso) of Adobe. - [602697] CVE-2016-1659: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 90592
    published 2016-04-20
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90592
    title FreeBSD : chromium -- multiple vulnerabilities (6d8505f0-0614-11e6-b39c-00262d5ed8ee)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_SU-2016-1060-1.NASL
    description Chromium was updated to 50.0.2661.75 to fix the following vulnerabilities : - CVE-2016-1651: Out-of-bounds read in Pdfium JPEG2000 decoding - CVE-2016-1652: Universal XSS in extension bindings - CVE-2016-1653: Out-of-bounds write in V8 - CVE-2016-1654: Uninitialized memory read in media - CVE-2016-1655: Use-after-free related to extensions - CVE-2016-1656: Android downloaded file path restriction bypass - CVE-2016-1657: Address bar spoofing - CVE-2016-1658: Potential leak of sensitive information to malicious extensions - CVE-2016-1659: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-29
    plugin id 90585
    published 2016-04-19
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90585
    title SUSE SLES12 Security Update : Chromium (SUSE-SU-2016:1060-1)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-505.NASL
    description Chromium was updated to 50.0.2661.75 to fix the following vulnerabilities : - CVE-2016-1651: Out-of-bounds read in Pdfium JPEG2000 decoding - CVE-2016-1652: Universal XSS in extension bindings - CVE-2016-1653: Out-of-bounds write in V8 - CVE-2016-1654: Uninitialized memory read in media - CVE-2016-1655: Use-after-free related to extensions - CVE-2016-1656: Android downloaded file path restriction bypass - CVE-2016-1657: Address bar spoofing - CVE-2016-1658: Potential leak of sensitive information to malicious extensions - CVE-2016-1659: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 90702
    published 2016-04-25
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90702
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-505)
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_GOOGLE_CHROME_50_0_2661_75.NASL
    description The version of Google Chrome installed on the remote Mac OS X host is prior to 50.0.2661.75. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An out-of-bounds read error exists in PDFium in the sycc420_to_rgb() and sycc422_to_rgb() functions within file fxcodec/codec/fx_codec_jpx_opj.cpp that is triggered when decoding JPEG2000 images. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to cause a denial of service or disclose memory contents. (CVE-2016-1651) - A cross-site scripting vulnerability exists due to a failure by extension bindings to validate input before returning it to users. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a crafted request, to execute arbitrary script code in the user's browser session. (CVE-2016-1652) - An out-of-bounds write error exists in Google V8, related to the LoadBuffer operator, that is triggered when handling typed arrays. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to corrupt memory, resulting in a denial of service or the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1653) - An uninitialized memory read error exists in media that allows an attacker to have an unspecified impact. No other details are available. (CVE-2016-1654) - A use-after-free error exists in extensions that is triggered when handling frame removal by content scripts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to dereference already freed memory, resulting in arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2016-1655) - A flaw exists, related to content disposition, due to the improper sanitization of the names of downloaded files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this to bypass path restrictions. (CVE-2016-1656) - A flaw exists in the FocusLocationBarByDefault() function of the WebContentsImpl class within the file content/browser/web_contents/web_contents_impl.cc that allows an authenticated, remote attacker to spoof the address bar. (CVE-2016-1657) - An unspecified flaw exists that allows an unauthenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive information by using malicious extensions. (CVE-2016-1658) - Multiple vulnerabilities exist in Chrome, the most serious of which allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1659)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 90543
    published 2016-04-15
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90543
    title Google Chrome < 50.0.2661.75 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201605-02.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201605-02 (Chromium: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Chromium web browser. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : A remote attacker could possibly execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the process, cause a Denial of Service condition, obtain sensitive information, or bypass security restrictions. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-10
    plugin id 91176
    published 2016-05-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91176
    title GLSA-201605-02 : Chromium: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2016-0638.NASL
    description An update for chromium-browser is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Supplementary. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Important. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. Chromium is an open source web browser, powered by WebKit (Blink). This update upgrades Chromium to version 50.0.2661.75. Security Fix(es) : Several flaws were found in the processing of malformed web content. A web page containing malicious content could cause Chromium to crash, execute arbitrary code, or disclose sensitive information when visited by the victim. (CVE-2016-1652, CVE-2016-1653, CVE-2016-1651, CVE-2016-1654, CVE-2016-1655, CVE-2016-1656, CVE-2016-1657, CVE-2016-1658, CVE-2016-1659)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 90570
    published 2016-04-19
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90570
    title RHEL 6 : chromium-browser (RHSA-2016:0638)
redhat via4
advisories
rhsa
id RHSA-2016:0638
refmap via4
confirm
debian DSA-3549
gentoo GLSA-201605-02
misc http://zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-16-243/
suse
  • SUSE-SU-2016:1060
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:1061
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:1135
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:1136
Last major update 02-12-2016 - 22:21
Published 18-04-2016 - 06:59
Last modified 30-10-2018 - 12:27
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