ID CVE-2016-1645
Summary Multiple integer signedness errors in the opj_j2k_update_image_data function in j2k.c in OpenJPEG, as used in PDFium in Google Chrome before 49.0.2623.87, allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (incorrect cast and out-of-bounds write) or possibly have unspecified other impact via crafted JPEG 2000 data.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Google Chrome 49.0.2623.75
    cpe:2.3:a:google:chrome:49.0.2623.75
CVSS
Base: 9.3 (as of 18-03-2016 - 13:20)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
nessus via4
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_5C288F68C7CA4C0DB7DC1EC6295200B3.NASL
    description Google Chrome Releases reports : [589838] High CVE-2016-1643: Type confusion in Blink. [590620] High CVE-2016-1644: Use-after-free in Blink. [587227] High CVE-2016-1645: Out-of-bounds write in PDFium.
    last seen 2018-11-13
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 90288
    published 2016-04-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90288
    title FreeBSD : chromium -- multiple vulnerabilities (5c288f68-c7ca-4c0d-b7dc-1ec6295200b3)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2016-0429.NASL
    description Updated chromium-browser packages that fix multiple security issues are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Supplementary. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Important security impact. Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base scores, which give detailed severity ratings, are available for each vulnerability from the CVE links in the References section. Chromium is an open source web browser, powered by WebKit (Blink). Several flaws were found in the processing of malformed web content. A web page containing malicious content could cause Chromium to crash, execute arbitrary code, or disclose sensitive information when visited by the victim. (CVE-2016-1643, CVE-2016-1644, CVE-2016-1645) All Chromium users should upgrade to these updated packages, which contain Chromium version 49.0.2623.87, which corrects these issues. After installing the update, Chromium must be restarted for the changes to take effect.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-20
    plugin id 89821
    published 2016-03-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=89821
    title RHEL 6 : chromium-browser (RHSA-2016:0429)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3513.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the chromium web browser. - CVE-2016-1643 cloudfuzzer discovered a type confusion issue in Blink/Webkit. - CVE-2016-1644 Atte Kettunen discovered a use-after-free issue in Blink/Webkit. - CVE-2016-1645 An out-of-bounds write issue was discovered in the pdfium library.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 89851
    published 2016-03-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=89851
    title Debian DSA-3513-1 : chromium-browser - security update
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-362.NASL
    description This update contains Chromium 49.0.2623.87 to fix the following issues : - CVE-2016-1643: Type confusion in Blink (boo#970514) - CVE-2016-1644: Use-after-free in Blink (boo#970509) - CVE-2016-1645: Out-of-bounds write in PDFium (boo#970511)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 90055
    published 2016-03-21
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90055
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-362)
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_GOOGLE_CHROME_49_0_2623_87.NASL
    description The version of Google Chrome installed on the remote Mac OS X host is prior to 49.0.2623.87. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A type confusion error exists in the Blink rendering engine that allows a remote attacker, via a malicious website, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1643) - A use-after-free error exists in the Blink rendering engine that allows a remote attacker, via a malicious website, to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1644) - An out-of-bounds write error exists in PDFium, the PDF rendering library, that allows a remote attacker to manipulate the system memory, resulting the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1645)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 89787
    published 2016-03-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=89787
    title Google Chrome < 49.0.2623.87 Multiple RCE
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-364.NASL
    description This update contains Chromium 49.0.2623.87 to fix the following issues : - CVE-2016-1643: Type confusion in Blink (boo#970514) - CVE-2016-1644: Use-after-free in Blink (boo#970509) - CVE-2016-1645: Out-of-bounds write in PDFium (boo#970511)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 90056
    published 2016-03-21
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90056
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-364)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id GOOGLE_CHROME_49_0_2623_87.NASL
    description The version of Google Chrome installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 49.0.2623.87. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A type confusion error exists in the Blink rendering engine that allows a remote attacker, via a malicious website, to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1643) - A use-after-free error exists in the Blink rendering engine that allows a remote attacker, via a malicious website, to deference already freed memory, resulting in the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1644) - An out-of-bounds write error exists in PDFium, the PDF rendering library, that allows a remote attacker to manipulate the system memory, resulting the execution of arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1645)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-12
    plugin id 89786
    published 2016-03-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=89786
    title Google Chrome < 49.0.2623.87 Multiple RCE
redhat via4
advisories
bugzilla
id 1315999
title CVE-2016-1645 chromium-browser: out-of-bounds write in PDFium
oval
AND
  • comment chromium-browser is earlier than 0:49.0.2623.87-1.el6
    oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20160429005
  • comment chromium-browser is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
    oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20141626006
  • OR
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Client is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100842001
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Server is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100842002
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Workstation is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100842003
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 ComputeNode is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100842004
rhsa
id RHSA-2016:0429
released 2016-03-10
severity Important
title RHSA-2016:0429: chromium-browser security update (Important)
rpms chromium-browser-0:49.0.2623.87-1.el6
refmap via4
bid 84224
confirm
debian DSA-3513
sectrack 1035259
suse
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:0817
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:0818
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:0828
Last major update 02-12-2016 - 22:21
Published 13-03-2016 - 18:59
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