ID CVE-2016-1626
Summary The opj_pi_update_decode_poc function in pi.c in OpenJPEG, as used in PDFium in Google Chrome before 48.0.2564.109, miscalculates a certain layer index value, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) via a crafted PDF document.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Google Chrome 48.0.2564.103
    cpe:2.3:a:google:chrome:48.0.2564.103
  • OpenSUSE 13.1
    cpe:2.3:o:opensuse:opensuse:13.1
  • Debian Linux 8.0 (Jessie)
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:8.0
CVSS
Base: 4.3 (as of 21-09-2016 - 23:29)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE NONE
nessus via4
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2016-0241.NASL
    description Updated chromium-browser packages that fix multiple security issues are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Supplementary. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Important security impact. Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base scores, which give detailed severity ratings, are available for each vulnerability from the CVE links in the References section. Chromium is an open source web browser, powered by WebKit (Blink). Several flaws were found in the processing of malformed web content. A web page containing malicious content could cause Chromium to crash, execute arbitrary code, or disclose sensitive information when visited by the victim. (CVE-2016-1622, CVE-2016-1623, CVE-2016-1624, CVE-2016-1625, CVE-2016-1626, CVE-2016-1627) All Chromium users should upgrade to these updated packages, which contain Chromium version 48.0.2564.109, which corrects these issues. After installing the update, Chromium must be restarted for the changes to take effect.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-20
    plugin id 88794
    published 2016-02-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88794
    title RHEL 6 : chromium-browser (RHSA-2016:0241)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3486.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the chromium web browser. - CVE-2016-1622 It was discovered that a maliciously crafted extension could bypass the Same Origin Policy. - CVE-2016-1623 Mariusz Mlynski discovered a way to bypass the Same Origin Policy. - CVE-2016-1624 lukezli discovered a buffer overflow issue in the Brotli library. - CVE-2016-1625 Jann Horn discovered a way to cause the Chrome Instant feature to navigate to unintended destinations. - CVE-2016-1626 An out-of-bounds read issue was discovered in the openjpeg library. - CVE-2016-1627 It was discovered that the Developer Tools did not validate URLs. - CVE-2016-1628 An out-of-bounds read issue was discovered in the pdfium library. - CVE-2016-1629 A way to bypass the Same Origin Policy was discovered in Blink/WebKit, along with a way to escape the chromium sandbox.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 88869
    published 2016-02-22
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88869
    title Debian DSA-3486-1 : chromium-browser - security update
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_36034227CF8111E59C2B00262D5ED8EE.NASL
    description Google Chrome Releases reports : 6 security fixes in this release, including : - [546677] High CVE-2016-1622: Same-origin bypass in Extensions. Credit to anonymous. - [577105] High CVE-2016-1623: Same-origin bypass in DOM. Credit to Mariusz Mlynski. - [509313] Medium CVE-2016-1625: Navigation bypass in Chrome Instant. Credit to Jann Horn. - [571480] Medium CVE-2016-1626: Out-of-bounds read in PDFium. Credit to anonymous, working with HP's Zero Day Initiative. - [585517] CVE-2016-1627: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 88667
    published 2016-02-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88667
    title FreeBSD : chromium -- multiple vulnerabilities (36034227-cf81-11e5-9c2b-00262d5ed8ee)
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201710-26.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201710-26 (OpenJPEG: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in OpenJPEG. Please review the references below for details. Impact : A remote attacker, via a crafted BMP, PDF, or j2k document, could execute arbitrary code, cause a Denial of Service condition, or have other unspecified impacts. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-01-26
    plugin id 104069
    published 2017-10-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=104069
    title GLSA-201710-26 : OpenJPEG: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_GOOGLE_CHROME_48_0_2564_109.NASL
    description The version of Google Chrome installed on the remote Mac OS X host is prior to 48.0.2564.109. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An unspecified flaw exists in the Extensions component that allows an attacker to bypass the same-origin policy. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1622) - An unspecified flaw exists in the DOM component that allows an attacker to bypass the same-origin policy. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1623) - An overflow condition condition exists in the Brotli component due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An attacker can exploit this to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1624) - An unspecified flaw exists in the Chrome Instant component that allows an attacker to bypass navigation. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1625) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in Google PDFium that allows an attacker to crash a process linked against the library or to disclose memory contents. (CVE-2016-1626) - Multiple flaws exist that allow an attacker to have an unspecified impact. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1627)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 88682
    published 2016-02-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88682
    title Google Chrome < 48.0.2564.109 Multiple Vulnerabilities (Mac OS X)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id GOOGLE_CHROME_48_0_2564_109.NASL
    description The version of Google Chrome installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 48.0.2564.109. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - An unspecified flaw exists in the Extensions component that allows an attacker to bypass the same-origin policy. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1622) - An unspecified flaw exists in the DOM component that allows an attacker to bypass the same-origin policy. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1623) - An overflow condition condition exists in the Brotli component due to improper validation of user-supplied input. An attacker can exploit this to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2016-1624) - An unspecified flaw exists in the Chrome Instant component that allows an attacker to bypass navigation. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1625) - An out-of-bounds read error exists in Google PDFium that allows an attacker to crash a process linked against the library or to disclose memory contents. (CVE-2016-1626) - Multiple flaws exist that allow an attacker to have an unspecified impact. No other details are available from the vendor. (CVE-2016-1627)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-12
    plugin id 88681
    published 2016-02-10
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88681
    title Google Chrome < 48.0.2564.109 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-238.NASL
    description This update to Chromium 48.0.2564.109 fixes the following issues : Security fixes (boo#965999) : - CVE-2016-1622: Same-origin bypass in Extensions - CVE-2016-1623: Same-origin bypass in DOM - CVE-2016-1624: Buffer overflow in Brotli - CVE-2016-1625: Navigation bypass in Chrome Instant - CVE-2016-1626: Out-of-bounds read in PDFium - CVE-2016-1627: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives Non-security bug fixes : - boo#965738: resolve issues with specific banking websites when built against system libraries - boo#966082: chromium: sandbox related stacktrace printed - boo#965566: Drop libva support - Prevent graphical issues related to libjpeg - On KDE 5 kwallet5 is the default password store now
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 88879
    published 2016-02-22
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88879
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-238)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-221.NASL
    description This update to Chromium 48.0.2564.109 fixes the following issues : Security fixes (boo#965999) : - CVE-2016-1622: Same-origin bypass in Extensions - CVE-2016-1623: Same-origin bypass in DOM - CVE-2016-1624: Buffer overflow in Brotli - CVE-2016-1625: Navigation bypass in Chrome Instant - CVE-2016-1626: Out-of-bounds read in PDFium - CVE-2016-1627: Various fixes from internal audits, fuzzing and other initiatives Non-security bug fixes : - boo#965738: resolve issues with specific banking websites when built against system libraries - boo#966082: chromium: sandbox related stacktrace printed - boo#965566: Drop libva support - Prevent graphical issues related to libjpeg - On KDE 5 kwallet5 is the default password store now
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 88826
    published 2016-02-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=88826
    title openSUSE Security Update : Chromium (openSUSE-2016-221)
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201603-09.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201603-09 (Chromium: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Chromium web browser. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : A remote attacker could possibly execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the process, cause a Denial of Service condition, obtain sensitive information, or bypass security restrictions. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-10-10
    plugin id 89902
    published 2016-03-14
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=89902
    title GLSA-201603-09 : Chromium: Multiple vulnerabilities
redhat via4
advisories
rhsa
id RHSA-2016:0241
refmap via4
bid 83125
confirm
debian DSA-3486
gentoo
  • GLSA-201603-09
  • GLSA-201710-26
misc http://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-16-171
sectrack 1035183
suse
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:0491
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:0518
Last major update 05-12-2016 - 22:07
Published 13-02-2016 - 21:59
Last modified 30-10-2018 - 12:27
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