ID CVE-2015-8868
Summary Heap-based buffer overflow in the ExponentialFunction::ExponentialFunction function in Poppler before 0.40.0 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory corruption and crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via an invalid blend mode in the ExtGState dictionary in a crafted PDF document.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Fedora Project Fedora 23
    cpe:2.3:o:fedoraproject:fedora:23
  • Debian Linux 8.0 (Jessie)
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:8.0
  • Canonical Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS
    cpe:2.3:o:canonical:ubuntu_linux:12.04:-:-:-:lts
  • Canonical Ubuntu Linux 14.04 LTS (Long-Term Support)
    cpe:2.3:o:canonical:ubuntu_linux:14.04:-:-:-:lts
  • Canonical Ubuntu Linux 15.10
    cpe:2.3:o:canonical:ubuntu_linux:15.10
  • freedesktop Poppler 0.39.0
    cpe:2.3:a:freedesktop:poppler:0.39.0
CVSS
Base: 9.3 (as of 06-05-2016 - 19:14)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
nessus via4
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-595.NASL
    description This update for poppler fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : - CVE-2015-8868: Corrupted PDF file can corrupt heap, causing DoS (boo#976844)
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 91209
    published 2016-05-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91209
    title openSUSE Security Update : poppler (openSUSE-2016-595)
  • NASL family Amazon Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id ALA_ALAS-2016-769.NASL
    description A heap-buffer overflow was found in the poppler library. An attacker could create a malicious PDF file that would cause applications that use poppler to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code when opened.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2018-04-18
    plugin id 94975
    published 2016-11-21
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94975
    title Amazon Linux AMI : poppler (ALAS-2016-769)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_SU-2016-1543-1.NASL
    description This update for poppler fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : - CVE-2015-8868: Corrupted PDF file can corrupt heap, causing DoS (bsc#976844) Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2018-07-31
    plugin id 91657
    published 2016-06-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91657
    title SUSE SLED12 / SLES12 Security Update : poppler (SUSE-SU-2016:1543-1)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2016-745.NASL
    description This update for poppler fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : - CVE-2015-8868: Corrupted PDF file can corrupt heap, causing DoS (bsc#976844) This update was imported from the SUSE:SLE-12:Update update project.
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2016-10-13
    plugin id 91710
    published 2016-06-20
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91710
    title openSUSE Security Update : poppler (openSUSE-2016-745)
  • NASL family Huawei Local Security Checks
    NASL id EULEROS_SA-2016-1059.NASL
    description According to the version of the poppler packages installed, the EulerOS installation on the remote host is affected by the following vulnerability : - Heap-based buffer overflow in the ExponentialFunction::ExponentialFunction function in Poppler before 0.40.0 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory corruption and crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via an invalid blend mode in the ExtGState dictionary in a crafted PDF document.(CVE-2015-8868) Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the EulerOS security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2018-08-10
    plugin id 99821
    published 2017-05-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=99821
    title EulerOS 2.0 SP1 : poppler (EulerOS-SA-2016-1059)
  • NASL family Oracle Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2016-2580.NASL
    description From Red Hat Security Advisory 2016:2580 : An update for poppler is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Moderate. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. Poppler is a Portable Document Format (PDF) rendering library, used by applications such as Evince. Security Fix(es) : * A heap-buffer overflow was found in the poppler library. An attacker could create a malicious PDF file that would cause applications that use poppler (such as Evince) to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code when opened. (CVE-2015-8868) Additional Changes : For detailed information on changes in this release, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Release Notes linked from the References section.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2018-07-24
    plugin id 94702
    published 2016-11-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94702
    title Oracle Linux 7 : poppler (ELSA-2016-2580)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-2958-1.NASL
    description It was discovered that the poppler pdfseparate tool incorrectly handled certain filenames. A local attacker could use this issue to cause the tool to crash, resulting in a denial of service, or possibly execute arbitrary code. This issue only applied to Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. (CVE-2013-4473, CVE-2013-4474) It was discovered that poppler incorrectly parsed certain malformed PDF documents. If a user or automated system were tricked into opening a crafted PDF file, an attacker could cause a denial of service or possibly execute arbitrary code with privileges of the user invoking the program. (CVE-2015-8868). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2018-08-03
    plugin id 90858
    published 2016-05-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90858
    title Ubuntu 12.04 LTS / 14.04 LTS / 15.10 : poppler vulnerabilities (USN-2958-1)
  • NASL family CentOS Local Security Checks
    NASL id CENTOS_RHSA-2016-2580.NASL
    description An update for poppler is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Moderate. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. Poppler is a Portable Document Format (PDF) rendering library, used by applications such as Evince. Security Fix(es) : * A heap-buffer overflow was found in the poppler library. An attacker could create a malicious PDF file that would cause applications that use poppler (such as Evince) to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code when opened. (CVE-2015-8868) Additional Changes : For detailed information on changes in this release, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Release Notes linked from the References section.
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2018-07-02
    plugin id 95327
    published 2016-11-28
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=95327
    title CentOS 7 : poppler (CESA-2016:2580)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2016-2580.NASL
    description An update for poppler is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having a security impact of Moderate. A Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base score, which gives a detailed severity rating, is available for each vulnerability from the CVE link(s) in the References section. Poppler is a Portable Document Format (PDF) rendering library, used by applications such as Evince. Security Fix(es) : * A heap-buffer overflow was found in the poppler library. An attacker could create a malicious PDF file that would cause applications that use poppler (such as Evince) to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code when opened. (CVE-2015-8868) Additional Changes : For detailed information on changes in this release, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Release Notes linked from the References section.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2018-07-26
    plugin id 94543
    published 2016-11-04
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=94543
    title RHEL 7 : poppler (RHSA-2016:2580)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DLA-446.NASL
    description A heap buffer overflow vulnerability was found in the poppler library. A maliciously crafted file could cause the application to crash. The issue happens when 'ExtGState' is not a valid blend mode. NOTE: Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the DLA security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2018-07-06
    plugin id 90803
    published 2016-05-02
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90803
    title Debian DLA-446-1 : poppler security update
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2016-C848D48286.NASL
    description This update fixes a heap buffer overflow. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2016-10-18
    plugin id 90738
    published 2016-04-27
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90738
    title Fedora 23 : mingw-poppler-0.34.0-2.fc23 (2016-c848d48286)
  • NASL family Scientific Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id SL_20161103_POPPLER_ON_SL7_X.NASL
    description Security Fix(es) : - A heap-buffer overflow was found in the poppler library. An attacker could create a malicious PDF file that would cause applications that use poppler (such as Evince) to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code when opened. (CVE-2015-8868) Additional Changes :
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2016-12-15
    plugin id 95855
    published 2016-12-15
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=95855
    title Scientific Linux Security Update : poppler on SL7.x x86_64
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_SU-2016-1544-1.NASL
    description This update for poppler fixes the following issues : Security issues fixed : - CVE-2015-8868: Corrupted PDF file can corrupt heap, causing DoS (bsc#976844) Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the SUSE security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2018-07-31
    plugin id 91658
    published 2016-06-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=91658
    title SUSE SLES11 Security Update : poppler (SUSE-SU-2016:1544-1)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3563.NASL
    description It was discovered that a heap overflow in the Poppler PDF library may result in denial of service and potentially the execution of arbitrary code if a malformed PDF file is opened.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2018-07-10
    plugin id 90839
    published 2016-05-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90839
    title Debian DSA-3563-1 : poppler - security update
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201611-15.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201611-15 (Poppler: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Poppler. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : A remote attacker could entice a user to open a specially crafted PDF using Poppler, possibly resulting in execution of arbitrary code with the privileges of the process or a Denial of Service condition. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2016-11-23
    plugin id 95266
    published 2016-11-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=95266
    title GLSA-201611-15 : Poppler: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2016-3C4E438FC8.NASL
    description This update fixes a heap buffer overflow. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2016-10-18
    plugin id 90730
    published 2016-04-27
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90730
    title Fedora 22 : mingw-poppler-0.30.0-4.fc22 (2016-3c4e438fc8)
redhat via4
advisories
bugzilla
id 1326225
title CVE-2015-8868 poppler: heap buffer overflow in ExponentialFunction
oval
AND
  • OR
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Client is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20140675001
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Server is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20140675002
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Workstation is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20140675003
    • comment Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 ComputeNode is installed
      oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20140675004
  • OR
    • AND
      • comment poppler is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580017
      • comment poppler is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859006
    • AND
      • comment poppler-cpp is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580005
      • comment poppler-cpp is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580006
    • AND
      • comment poppler-cpp-devel is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580015
      • comment poppler-cpp-devel is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580016
    • AND
      • comment poppler-demos is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580021
      • comment poppler-demos is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580022
    • AND
      • comment poppler-devel is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580007
      • comment poppler-devel is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859014
    • AND
      • comment poppler-glib is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580023
      • comment poppler-glib is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859016
    • AND
      • comment poppler-glib-devel is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580013
      • comment poppler-glib-devel is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859020
    • AND
      • comment poppler-qt is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580011
      • comment poppler-qt is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859018
    • AND
      • comment poppler-qt-devel is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580019
      • comment poppler-qt-devel is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859012
    • AND
      • comment poppler-utils is earlier than 0:0.26.5-16.el7
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20162580009
      • comment poppler-utils is signed with Red Hat redhatrelease2 key
        oval oval:com.redhat.rhsa:tst:20100859010
rhsa
id RHSA-2016:2580
released 2016-11-03
severity Moderate
title RHSA-2016:2580: poppler security and bug fix update (Moderate)
rpms
  • poppler-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-cpp-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-cpp-devel-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-demos-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-devel-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-glib-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-glib-devel-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-qt-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-qt-devel-0:0.26.5-16.el7
  • poppler-utils-0:0.26.5-16.el7
refmap via4
bid 89324
confirm
debian DSA-3563
fedora
  • FEDORA-2016-3c4e438fc8
  • FEDORA-2016-c848d48286
gentoo GLSA-201611-15
mlist [oss-security] 20160411 CVE request: Poppler < 0.40.0
suse
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:1322
  • openSUSE-SU-2016:1630
ubuntu USN-2958-1
Last major update 30-11-2016 - 22:01
Published 06-05-2016 - 13:59
Last modified 04-01-2018 - 21:30
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