ID CVE-2015-4454
Summary SQL injection vulnerability in the get_hash_graph_template function in lib/functions.php in Cacti before 0.8.8d allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands via the graph_template_id parameter to graph_templates.php.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Cacti 0.8.8c
    cpe:2.3:a:cacti:cacti:0.8.8c
  • Fedora 22
    cpe:2.3:o:fedoraproject:fedora:22
  • Fedora Project Fedora 23
    cpe:2.3:o:fedoraproject:fedora:23
  • Fedora 24
    cpe:2.3:o:fedoraproject:fedora:24
CVSS
Base: 7.5 (as of 09-06-2016 - 12:58)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-89
CAPEC
  • Command Line Execution through SQL Injection
    An attacker uses standard SQL injection methods to inject data into the command line for execution. This could be done directly through misuse of directives such as MSSQL_xp_cmdshell or indirectly through injection of data into the database that would be interpreted as shell commands. Sometime later, an unscrupulous backend application (or could be part of the functionality of the same application) fetches the injected data stored in the database and uses this data as command line arguments without performing proper validation. The malicious data escapes that data plane by spawning new commands to be executed on the host.
  • Object Relational Mapping Injection
    An attacker leverages a weakness present in the database access layer code generated with an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) tool or a weakness in the way that a developer used a persistence framework to inject his or her own SQL commands to be executed against the underlying database. The attack here is similar to plain SQL injection, except that the application does not use JDBC to directly talk to the database, but instead it uses a data access layer generated by an ORM tool or framework (e.g. Hibernate). While most of the time code generated by an ORM tool contains safe access methods that are immune to SQL injection, sometimes either due to some weakness in the generated code or due to the fact that the developer failed to use the generated access methods properly, SQL injection is still possible.
  • SQL Injection through SOAP Parameter Tampering
    An attacker modifies the parameters of the SOAP message that is sent from the service consumer to the service provider to initiate a SQL injection attack. On the service provider side, the SOAP message is parsed and parameters are not properly validated before being used to access a database in a way that does not use parameter binding, thus enabling the attacker to control the structure of the executed SQL query. This pattern describes a SQL injection attack with the delivery mechanism being a SOAP message.
  • Expanding Control over the Operating System from the Database
    An attacker is able to leverage access gained to the database to read / write data to the file system, compromise the operating system, create a tunnel for accessing the host machine, and use this access to potentially attack other machines on the same network as the database machine. Traditionally SQL injections attacks are viewed as a way to gain unauthorized read access to the data stored in the database, modify the data in the database, delete the data, etc. However, almost every data base management system (DBMS) system includes facilities that if compromised allow an attacker complete access to the file system, operating system, and full access to the host running the database. The attacker can then use this privileged access to launch subsequent attacks. These facilities include dropping into a command shell, creating user defined functions that can call system level libraries present on the host machine, stored procedures, etc.
  • SQL Injection
    This attack exploits target software that constructs SQL statements based on user input. An attacker crafts input strings so that when the target software constructs SQL statements based on the input, the resulting SQL statement performs actions other than those the application intended. SQL Injection results from failure of the application to appropriately validate input. When specially crafted user-controlled input consisting of SQL syntax is used without proper validation as part of SQL queries, it is possible to glean information from the database in ways not envisaged during application design. Depending upon the database and the design of the application, it may also be possible to leverage injection to have the database execute system-related commands of the attackers' choice. SQL Injection enables an attacker to talk directly to the database, thus bypassing the application completely. Successful injection can cause information disclosure as well as ability to add or modify data in the database. In order to successfully inject SQL and retrieve information from a database, an attacker:
  • Blind SQL Injection
    Blind SQL Injection results from an insufficient mitigation for SQL Injection. Although suppressing database error messages are considered best practice, the suppression alone is not sufficient to prevent SQL Injection. Blind SQL Injection is a form of SQL Injection that overcomes the lack of error messages. Without the error messages that facilitate SQL Injection, the attacker constructs input strings that probe the target through simple Boolean SQL expressions. The attacker can determine if the syntax and structure of the injection was successful based on whether the query was executed or not. Applied iteratively, the attacker determines how and where the target is vulnerable to SQL Injection. For example, an attacker may try entering something like "username' AND 1=1; --" in an input field. If the result is the same as when the attacker entered "username" in the field, then the attacker knows that the application is vulnerable to SQL Injection. The attacker can then ask yes/no questions from the database server to extract information from it. For example, the attacker can extract table names from a database using the following types of queries: If the above query executes properly, then the attacker knows that the first character in a table name in the database is a letter between m and z. If it doesn't, then the attacker knows that the character must be between a and l (assuming of course that table names only contain alphabetic characters). By performing a binary search on all character positions, the attacker can determine all table names in the database. Subsequently, the attacker may execute an actual attack and send something like:
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL PARTIAL PARTIAL
nessus via4
  • NASL family CGI abuses
    NASL id CACTI_088D.NASL
    description According to its self-reported version number, the Cacti application running on the remote web server is prior to version 0.8.8d. It is, therefore, potentially affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A stored cross-site scripting vulnerability exists due to improper validation of user-supplied input in graphs.php. A remote attacker can exploit this to inject arbitrary web script or HTML. (CVE-2015-2665) - A SQL injection vulnerability exists due to improper validation of user-supplied input to the 'cdef' parameter in cdef.php. A remote attacker can exploit this to execute arbitrary SQL commands. (CVE-2015-4342) - A SQL injection vulnerability exists due to improper validation of user-supplied input to the 'graph_template_id' parameter in graph_templates.php. A remote attacker can exploit this to execute arbitrary SQL commands. (CVE-2015-4454)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-28
    plugin id 84549
    published 2015-07-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84549
    title Cacti < 0.8.8d Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2016-852A39E085.NASL
    description - Update to 0.8.8g Release notes: http://www.cacti.net/release_notes_0_8_8g.php Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-20
    plugin id 90963
    published 2016-05-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90963
    title Fedora 24 : cacti-0.8.8g-1.fc24 (2016-852a39e085)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-3295.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities (cross-site scripting and SQL injection) have been discovered in Cacti, a web interface for graphing of monitoring systems.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-28
    plugin id 84373
    published 2015-06-25
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84373
    title Debian DSA-3295-1 : cacti - security update
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DLA-255.NASL
    description Several vulnerabilities (cross-site scripting and SQL injection) have been discovered in Cacti, a web interface for graphing of monitoring systems. We recommend that you upgrade your cacti packages. CVE-2015-2665 Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Cacti before 0.8.8d allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via unspecified vectors. CVE-2015-4342 SQL Injection and Location header injection from cdef id CVE-2015-4454 SQL injection vulnerability in the get_hash_graph_template function in lib/functions.php in Cacti before 0.8.8d allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands via the graph_template_id parameter to graph_templates.php Unassigned CVE SQL injection VN:JVN#78187936 / TN:JPCERT#98968540 SQL injection vulnerability in the settings page NOTE: Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the DLA security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-06
    plugin id 84433
    published 2015-06-29
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84433
    title Debian DLA-255-1 : cacti security update
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2016-4A5CE6A6C0.NASL
    description - Update to 0.8.8g Release notes: http://www.cacti.net/release_notes_0_8_8g.php Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-20
    plugin id 90899
    published 2016-05-05
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90899
    title Fedora 22 : cacti-0.8.8g-1.fc22 (2016-4a5ce6a6c0)
  • NASL family Amazon Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id ALA_ALAS-2016-673.NASL
    description Various cross-site scripting (XSS) flaws (CVE-2013-5588 , CVE-2014-5025 , CVE-2014-5026) and various SQL injection flaws (CVE-2013-5589 , CVE-2015-4342 , CVE-2015-4634 , CVE-2015-8377 , CVE-2015-8604) were discovered affecting versions of Cacti prior to 0.8.8g. Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Cacti before 0.8.8d allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via unspecified vectors. (CVE-2015-2665) SQL injection vulnerability in the get_hash_graph_template function in lib/functions.php in Cacti before 0.8.8d allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands via the graph_template_id parameter to graph_templates.php. (CVE-2015-4454)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-04-18
    plugin id 90155
    published 2016-03-25
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90155
    title Amazon Linux AMI : cacti (ALAS-2016-673)
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2016-A8E2BE0FE6.NASL
    description - Update to 0.8.8g Release notes: http://www.cacti.net/release_notes_0_8_8g.php Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-20
    plugin id 90875
    published 2016-05-04
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=90875
    title Fedora 23 : cacti-0.8.8g-1.fc23 (2016-a8e2be0fe6)
refmap via4
bid 75270
confirm
debian DSA-3295
fedora
  • FEDORA-2016-4a5ce6a6c0
  • FEDORA-2016-852a39e085
  • FEDORA-2016-a8e2be0fe6
Last major update 28-11-2016 - 14:28
Published 17-06-2015 - 14:59
Last modified 03-11-2017 - 21:29
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