ID CVE-2015-0310
Summary Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.262 and 14.x through 16.x before 16.0.0.287 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.438 on Linux does not properly restrict discovery of memory addresses, which allows attackers to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism on Windows, and have an unspecified impact on other platforms, via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in January 2015.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Adobe Flash Player 11.2.202.429
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:11.2.202.429
  • Linux Kernel
    cpe:2.3:o:linux:linux_kernel
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.167
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.167
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.152
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.152
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:14.0.0.179
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:14.0.0.179
  • Adobe Flash Player 16.0.0.257
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:16.0.0.257
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:16.0.0.235
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:16.0.0.235
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.246
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.246
  • Adobe Flash Player 15.0.0.239
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.239
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.223
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.223
  • Adobe Flash Player 15.0.0.189
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:15.0.0.189
  • cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:14.0.0.176
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:14.0.0.176
  • Adobe Flash Player 14.0.0.145
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:14.0.0.145
  • Adobe Flash Player 14.0.0.125
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:14.0.0.125
  • Adobe Flash Player 13.0.0.260
    cpe:2.3:a:adobe:flash_player:13.0.0.260
  • Apple Mac OS X
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x
  • Microsoft Windows
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows
CVSS
Base: 10.0 (as of 13-11-2015 - 11:11)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
nessus via4
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_FLASH_PLAYER_16_0_0_287.NASL
    description According to its version, the installation of Adobe Flash Player installed on the remote Mac OS X host is equal or prior to 16.0.0.257. It is, therefore, affected by a memory leak that can allow bypassing of memory randomization mitigations, aiding in further attacks.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 80947
    published 2015-01-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=80947
    title Flash Player For Mac <= 16.0.0.257 Information Disclosure (APSB15-02)
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201502-02.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201502-02 (Adobe Flash Player: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Adobe Flash Player. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : A remote attacker could possibly execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the process, cause a Denial of Service condition, obtain sensitive information or bypass security restrictions. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2015-04-13
    plugin id 81225
    published 2015-02-09
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81225
    title GLSA-201502-02 : Adobe Flash Player: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2015-49.NASL
    description Adobe Flash Player was updated to 11.2.202.438 to fix one security isssue. http://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/flash-player/apsb15-02.html (APSB15-02, CVE-2015-0310)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-19
    plugin id 80984
    published 2015-01-26
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=80984
    title openSUSE Security Update : flash-player (openSUSE-SU-2015:0110-1)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id SMB_KB3033408.NASL
    description The remote host is missing KB3033408. It is, therefore, affected by a memory leak that can allow bypassing of memory randomization mitigations, aiding in further attacks.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 80948
    published 2015-01-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=80948
    title MS KB3033408: Update for Vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash Player in Internet Explorer
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_11_FLASH-PLAYER-150123.NASL
    description Adobe Flash Player was updated to version 11.2.202.438 to fix one security issue. (APSB15-02, CVE-2015-0310) For more details refer to the vendor advisory at http://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/flash-player/apsb15-02.html .
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2015-02-04
    plugin id 80995
    published 2015-01-26
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=80995
    title SuSE 11.3 Security Update : flash-player (SAT Patch Number 10215)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id FLASH_PLAYER_APSB15-02.NASL
    description According to its version, the installation of Adobe Flash Player installed on the remote Windows host is equal or prior to 16.0.0.257. It is, therefore, affected by a memory leak that can allow bypassing of memory randomization mitigations, aiding in further attacks.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-11
    plugin id 80946
    published 2015-01-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=80946
    title Flash Player <= 16.0.0.257 Information Disclosure (APSB15-02)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2015-81.NASL
    description Adobe Flash Player was updated to 11.2.202.440 (bsc#914463) : - APSA15-01, CVE-2015-0311 - Update of flashplayer (executable binary) for i386 is not available. This binary was disabled. - Security update to 11.2.202.438 (bsc#914333) : - APSB15-02, CVE-2015-0310 - Security update to 11.2.202.429 (bsc#913057) : - APSB15-01, CVE-2015-0301, CVE-2015-0302, CVE-2015-0303, CVE-2015-0304, CVE-2015-0305, CVE-2015-0306, CVE-2015-0307, CVE-2015-0308, CVE-2015-0309. - Disable flash player on machines without SSE2 (bnc#856386). - Remove outdated README and keep only up-to-date readme.txt.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 81098
    published 2015-01-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81098
    title openSUSE Security Update : flash-player (openSUSE-SU-2015:0174-1)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2015-0094.NASL
    description An updated Adobe Flash Player package that fixes multiple security issues is now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 and 6 Supplementary. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Critical security impact. Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base scores, which give detailed severity ratings, are available for each vulnerability from the CVE links in the References section. The flash-plugin package contains a Mozilla Firefox compatible Adobe Flash Player web browser plug-in. This update fixes multiple vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash Player. These vulnerabilities are detailed in the Adobe Security Bulletin APSB15-02, and APSB15-03, listed in the References section. Multiple flaws were found in the way flash-plugin displayed certain SWF content. An attacker could use these flaws to create a specially crafted SWF file that would cause flash-plugin to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code when the victim loaded a page containing the malicious SWF content. (CVE-2015-0310, CVE-2015-0311, CVE-2015-0312) All users of Adobe Flash Player should install this updated package, which upgrades Flash Player to version 11.2.202.440.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-27
    plugin id 81036
    published 2015-01-28
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81036
    title RHEL 5 / 6 : flash-plugin (RHSA-2015:0094)
refmap via4
bid 72261
confirm http://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/flash-player/apsb15-02.html
gentoo GLSA-201502-02
sectrack 1031609
secunia
  • 62452
  • 62601
  • 62660
  • 62740
the hacker news via4
Last major update 13-11-2015 - 12:08
Published 23-01-2015 - 16:59
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