ID CVE-2015-0227
Summary Apache WSS4J before 1.6.17 and 2.x before 2.0.2 allows remote attackers to bypass the requireSignedEncryptedDataElements configuration via a vectors related to "wrapping attacks."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apache Software Foundation Web Services Security for Java 1.6.16
    cpe:2.3:a:apache:wss4j:1.6.16
  • Apache Software Foundation Web Services Security for Java 2.0.0
    cpe:2.3:a:apache:wss4j:2.0.0
  • Apache Software Foundation Web Services Security for Java 2.0.0 Release Candidate 1
    cpe:2.3:a:apache:wss4j:2.0.0:rc1
  • Apache Software Foundation Web Services Security for Java 2.0.1
    cpe:2.3:a:apache:wss4j:2.0.1
CVSS
Base: 5.0 (as of 31-03-2016 - 09:57)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
NONE PARTIAL NONE
nessus via4
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2015-0846.NASL
    description Updated packages that provide Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0, and fix multiple security issues, several bugs, and add various enhancements, are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Important security impact. Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base scores, which give detailed severity ratings, are available for each vulnerability from the CVE links in the References section. Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 is a platform for Java applications based on JBoss Application Server 7. It was found that a prior countermeasure in Apache WSS4J for Bleichenbacher's attack on XML Encryption (CVE-2011-2487) threw an exception that permitted an attacker to determine the failure of the attempted attack, thereby leaving WSS4J vulnerable to the attack. The original flaw allowed a remote attacker to recover the entire plain text form of a symmetric key. (CVE-2015-0226) It was found that Apache WSS4J permitted bypass of the requireSignedEncryptedDataElements configuration property via XML Signature wrapping attacks. A remote attacker could use this flaw to modify the contents of a signed request. (CVE-2015-0227) It was discovered that a JkUnmount rule for a subtree of a previous JkMount rule could be ignored. This could allow a remote attacker to potentially access a private artifact in a tree that would otherwise not be accessible to them. (CVE-2014-8111) A flaw was found in the way PicketLink's Service Provider and Identity Provider handled certain requests. A remote attacker could use this flaw to log to a victim's account via PicketLink. (CVE-2015-0277) It was found that the Command Line Interface, as provided by Red Hat Enterprise Application Platform, created a history file named .jboss-cli-history in the user's home directory with insecure default file permissions. This could allow a malicious local user to gain information otherwise not accessible to them. (CVE-2014-3586) The CVE-2015-0277 issue was discovered by Ondrej Kotek of Red Hat. This release of JBoss Enterprise Application Platform also includes bug fixes and enhancements. Documentation for these changes will be available shortly from the JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0 Release Notes, linked to in the References. All users who require JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 should install these new packages. The JBoss server process must be restarted for the update to take effect.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 82895
    published 2015-04-20
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=82895
    title RHEL 5 : JBoss EAP (RHSA-2015:0846)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2015-0847.NASL
    description Updated packages that provide Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0, and fix multiple security issues, several bugs, and add various enhancements, are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Important security impact. Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base scores, which give detailed severity ratings, are available for each vulnerability from the CVE links in the References section. Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 is a platform for Java applications based on JBoss Application Server 7. It was found that a prior countermeasure in Apache WSS4J for Bleichenbacher's attack on XML Encryption (CVE-2011-2487) threw an exception that permitted an attacker to determine the failure of the attempted attack, thereby leaving WSS4J vulnerable to the attack. The original flaw allowed a remote attacker to recover the entire plain text form of a symmetric key. (CVE-2015-0226) It was found that Apache WSS4J permitted bypass of the requireSignedEncryptedDataElements configuration property via XML Signature wrapping attacks. A remote attacker could use this flaw to modify the contents of a signed request. (CVE-2015-0227) It was discovered that a JkUnmount rule for a subtree of a previous JkMount rule could be ignored. This could allow a remote attacker to potentially access a private artifact in a tree that would otherwise not be accessible to them. (CVE-2014-8111) A flaw was found in the way PicketLink's Service Provider and Identity Provider handled certain requests. A remote attacker could use this flaw to log to a victim's account via PicketLink. (CVE-2015-0277) It was found that the Command Line Interface, as provided by Red Hat Enterprise Application Platform, created a history file named .jboss-cli-history in the user's home directory with insecure default file permissions. This could allow a malicious local user to gain information otherwise not accessible to them. (CVE-2014-3586) The CVE-2015-0277 issue was discovered by Ondrej Kotek of Red Hat. This release of JBoss Enterprise Application Platform also includes bug fixes and enhancements. Documentation for these changes will be available shortly from the JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0 Release Notes, linked to in the References. All users who require JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 should install these new packages. The JBoss server process must be restarted for the update to take effect.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 82896
    published 2015-04-20
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=82896
    title RHEL 6 : JBoss EAP (RHSA-2015:0847)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2015-0848.NASL
    description Updated packages that provide Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0, and fix multiple security issues, several bugs, and add various enhancements, are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. Red Hat Product Security has rated this update as having Important security impact. Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) base scores, which give detailed severity ratings, are available for each vulnerability from the CVE links in the References section. Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 is a platform for Java applications based on JBoss Application Server 7. It was found that a prior countermeasure in Apache WSS4J for Bleichenbacher's attack on XML Encryption (CVE-2011-2487) threw an exception that permitted an attacker to determine the failure of the attempted attack, thereby leaving WSS4J vulnerable to the attack. The original flaw allowed a remote attacker to recover the entire plain text form of a symmetric key. (CVE-2015-0226) A flaw was found in the way PicketLink's Service Provider and Identity Provider handled certain requests. A remote attacker could use this flaw to log to a victim's account via PicketLink. (CVE-2015-0277) It was discovered that a JkUnmount rule for a subtree of a previous JkMount rule could be ignored. This could allow a remote attacker to potentially access a private artifact in a tree that would otherwise not be accessible to them. (CVE-2014-8111) It was found that Apache WSS4J permitted bypass of the requireSignedEncryptedDataElements configuration property via XML Signature wrapping attacks. A remote attacker could use this flaw to modify the contents of a signed request. (CVE-2015-0227) It was found that the Command Line Interface, as provided by Red Hat Enterprise Application Platform, created a history file named .jboss-cli-history in the user's home directory with insecure default file permissions. This could allow a malicious local user to gain information otherwise not accessible to them. (CVE-2014-3586) The CVE-2015-0277 issue was discovered by Ondrej Kotek of Red Hat. This release of JBoss Enterprise Application Platform also includes bug fixes and enhancements. Documentation for these changes will be available shortly from the JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0 Release Notes, linked to in the References. All users who require JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6.4.0 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 should install these new packages. The JBoss server process must be restarted for the update to take effect.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-20
    plugin id 112239
    published 2018-09-04
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=112239
    title RHEL 7 : JBoss EAP (RHSA-2015:0848)
redhat via4
advisories
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:0773
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:0846
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:0847
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:0848
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:0849
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:1176
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2015:1177
refmap via4
bid 72557
confirm
xf apache-wss4j-sec-bypass(100837)
Last major update 09-07-2015 - 21:59
Published 12-02-2015 - 11:59
Last modified 04-10-2018 - 06:29
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