||IBM WebSphere Application Server Liberty Profile 8.5.x before 184.108.40.206 allows remote attackers to gain privileges by leveraging the combination of a servlet's deployment descriptor security constraints and ServletSecurity annotations.
IBM WebSphere Application Server 220.127.116.11 (Fix Pack 3)
IBM WebSphere Application Server 18.104.22.168
IBM WebSphere Application Server 22.214.171.124
IBM WebSphere Application Server 126.96.36.199
IBM WebSphere Application Server 188.8.131.52 (Fix Pack 2)
IBM WebSphere Application Server 184.108.40.206 (Fix Pack 1)
IBM WebSphere Application Server 220.127.116.11
|Base: ||5.1 (as of 18-12-2014 - 14:33)|
Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high.
The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality.
The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
Restful Privilege Elevation
Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side.
The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
Manipulating Input to File System Calls
An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
|NASL family||Web Servers |
|NASL id||WEBSPHERE_8_5_5_4.NASL |
|description||The IBM WebSphere Application Server running on the remote host is version 8.5 prior to Fix Pack 18.104.22.168. It is, therefore, affected by the following vulnerabilities :
- Multiple errors exist related to the included IBM HTTP server that can allow remote code execution or denial of service. (CVE-2013-5704, CVE-2014-0118, CVE-2014-0226, CVE-2014-0231 / PI22070)
- An unspecified error exists related to HTTP headers that can allow information disclosure. (CVE-2014-3021 / PI08268)
- An error exists related to the way SSL 3.0 handles padding bytes when decrypting messages encrypted using block ciphers in cipher block chaining (CBC) mode. A man-in-the-middle attacker can decrypt a selected byte of a cipher text in as few as 256 tries if they are able to force a victim application to repeatedly send the same data over newly created SSL 3.0 connections. This is also known as the 'POODLE' issue. (CVE-2014-3566 / PI28435, PI28436, PI28437)
- An unspecified input validation errors exist related to the administrative console that can allow cross-site scripting and cross-site request forgery attacks.
(CVE-2014-4770, CVE-2014-4816 / PI23055)
- An unspecified error exists that can allow OpenID and OpenID Connect cookies to be spoofed, allowing information disclosure. (CVE-2014-6164 / PI23430)
- An error exists related to the Communications Enabled Applications (CEA) service that can allow XML External Entity Injection (XXE) attacks leading to information disclosure. This only occurs if CEA is enabled. By default this is disabled. (CVE-2014-6166 / PI25310)
- An input validation error exists related to session input using URL rewriting that can allow cross-site scripting attacks. (CVE-2014-6167 / PI23819)
- An error exists related to the administrative console that can allow 'click-jacking' attacks. (CVE-2014-6174 / PI27152)
- An error exists related to deployment descriptor security constraints and ServletSecurity annotations on a servlet that can allow privilege escalation. Note that this issue only affects the 'Liberty Profile'.
(CVE-2014-8890 / PI29911) |
|last seen||2019-02-21 |
|plugin id||80398 |
|title||IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.5 < Fix Pack 22.214.171.124 Multiple Vulnerabilities (POODLE) |
|Last major update
||21-12-2016 - 21:59
||18-12-2014 - 11:59
||07-09-2017 - 21:29