ID CVE-2014-8630
Summary Bugzilla before 4.0.16, 4.1.x and 4.2.x before 4.2.12, 4.3.x and 4.4.x before 4.4.7, and 5.x before 5.0rc1 allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands by leveraging the editcomponents privilege and triggering crafted input to a two-argument Perl open call, as demonstrated by shell metacharacters in a product name.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.0.16
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.0.16
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.1.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.1.1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.1.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.1.2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.1.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.1.3
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2 Release Candidate 1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2:rc1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2 Release Candidate 2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2:rc2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.11
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.11
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.10
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.10
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.3
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.4
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.4
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.5
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.5
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.6
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.6
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.7
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.7
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.8
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.8
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.2.9
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.2.9
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.3
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.3.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.3.1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.3.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.3.2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.3.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.3.3
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4 release candidate 1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4:rc1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4 release candidate 2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4:rc2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4.1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4.2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4.3
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4.4
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4.4
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4.5
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4.5
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.4.6
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.4.6
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.5
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.5.1
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.1
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.5.2
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.2
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.5.3
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.3
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.5.4
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.4
  • cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.5
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.5
  • Mozilla Bugzilla 4.5.6
    cpe:2.3:a:mozilla:bugzilla:4.5.6
  • Fedora 20
    cpe:2.3:o:fedoraproject:fedora:20
  • Fedora 21
    cpe:2.3:o:fedoraproject:fedora:21
CVSS
Base: 6.5 (as of 06-09-2016 - 07:51)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-77
CAPEC
  • Cause Web Server Misclassification
    An attack of this type exploits a Web server's decision to take action based on filename or file extension. Because different file types are handled by different server processes, misclassification may force the Web server to take unexpected action, or expected actions in an unexpected sequence. This may cause the server to exhaust resources, supply debug or system data to the attacker, or bind an attacker to a remote process. This type of vulnerability has been found in many widely used servers including IIS, Lotus Domino, and Orion. The attacker's job in this case is straightforward, standard communication protocols and methods are used and are generally appended with malicious information at the tail end of an otherwise legitimate request. The attack payload varies, but it could be special characters like a period or simply appending a tag that has a special meaning for operations on the server side like .jsp for a java application server. The essence of this attack is that the attacker deceives the server into executing functionality based on the name of the request, i.e. login.jsp, not the contents.
  • LDAP Injection
    An attacker manipulates or crafts an LDAP query for the purpose of undermining the security of the target. Some applications use user input to create LDAP queries that are processed by an LDAP server. For example, a user might provide their username during authentication and the username might be inserted in an LDAP query during the authentication process. An attacker could use this input to inject additional commands into an LDAP query that could disclose sensitive information. For example, entering a * in the aforementioned query might return information about all users on the system. This attack is very similar to an SQL injection attack in that it manipulates a query to gather additional information or coerce a particular return value.
  • Command Delimiters
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that allows an attacker's commands to be concatenated onto a legitimate command with the intent of targeting other resources such as the file system or database. The system that uses a filter or a blacklist input validation, as opposed to whitelist validation is vulnerable to an attacker who predicts delimiters (or combinations of delimiters) not present in the filter or blacklist. As with other injection attacks, the attacker uses the command delimiter payload as an entry point to tunnel through the application and activate additional attacks through SQL queries, shell commands, network scanning, and so on.
  • File System Function Injection, Content Based
    An attack of this type exploits the host's trust in executing remote content including binary files. The files are poisoned with a malicious payload (targeting the file systems accessible by the target software) by the attacker and may be passed through standard channels such as via email, and standard web content like PDF and multimedia files. The attacker exploits known vulnerabilities or handling routines in the target processes. Vulnerabilities of this type have been found in a wide variety of commercial applications from Microsoft Office to Adobe Acrobat and Apple Safari web browser. When the attacker knows the standard handling routines and can identify vulnerabilities and entry points they can be exploited by otherwise seemingly normal content. Once the attack is executed, the attackers' program can access relative directories such as C:\Program Files or other standard system directories to launch further attacks. In a worst case scenario, these programs are combined with other propagation logic and work as a virus.
  • Exploiting Multiple Input Interpretation Layers
    An attacker supplies the target software with input data that contains sequences of special characters designed to bypass input validation logic. This exploit relies on the target making multiples passes over the input data and processing a "layer" of special characters with each pass. In this manner, the attacker can disguise input that would otherwise be rejected as invalid by concealing it with layers of special/escape characters that are stripped off by subsequent processing steps. The goal is to first discover cases where the input validation layer executes before one or more parsing layers. That is, user input may go through the following logic in an application: In such cases, the attacker will need to provide input that will pass through the input validator, but after passing through parser2, will be converted into something that the input validator was supposed to stop.
  • Argument Injection
    An attacker changes the behavior or state of a targeted application through injecting data or command syntax through the targets use of non-validated and non-filtered arguments of exposed services or methods.
  • Manipulating Writeable Configuration Files
    Generally these are manually edited files that are not in the preview of the system administrators, any ability on the attackers' behalf to modify these files, for example in a CVS repository, gives unauthorized access directly to the application, the same as authorized users.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW SINGLE_INSTANCE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL PARTIAL PARTIAL
nessus via4
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2015-1699.NASL
    description This is a security update for Bugzilla which fixes two issues : - A user with editcomponents permissions could possibly inject system commands in product names and possibly other attributes. - Methods from imported modules could possibly be executed using the WebService API. The first issue is tracked as CVE-2014-8630. See https://www.bugzilla.org/security/4.0.15/ for all the details. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2015-10-19
    plugin id 81353
    published 2015-02-16
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81353
    title Fedora 20 : bugzilla-4.2.13-1.fc20 (2015-1699)
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_DC2D76DFA59511E4936320CF30E32F6D.NASL
    description Bugzilla Security Advisory Command Injection Some code in Bugzilla does not properly utilize 3 arguments form for open() and it is possible for an account with editcomponents permissions to inject commands into product names and other attributes. Information Leak Using the WebServices API, a user can possibly execute imported functions from other non-WebService modules. A whitelist has now been added that lists explicit methods that can be executed via the API.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 81010
    published 2015-01-27
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81010
    title FreeBSD : Bugzilla multiple security issues (dc2d76df-a595-11e4-9363-20cf30e32f6d)
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2015-1713.NASL
    description This is a security update for Bugzilla which fixes two issues : - A user with editcomponents permissions could possibly inject system commands in product names and possibly other attributes. - Methods from imported modules could possibly be executed using the WebService API. The first issue is tracked as CVE-2014-8630. See https://www.bugzilla.org/security/4.0.15/ for all the details. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2015-10-19
    plugin id 81356
    published 2015-02-16
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81356
    title Fedora 21 : bugzilla-4.4.8-1.fc21.1 (2015-1713)
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201607-11.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201607-11 (Bugzilla: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in Bugzilla. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : Privileged account holders could execute system level commands, and the new user process could be exploited to allow for the escalation of privileges. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-07-21
    plugin id 92481
    published 2016-07-21
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=92481
    title GLSA-201607-11 : Bugzilla: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family CGI abuses
    NASL id BUGZILLA_5_0_RC1.NASL
    description According to its banner, the version of Bugzilla running on the remote host is potentially affected by the following vulnerabilities : - A command injection vulnerability exists due to a failure to properly utilize the 3 arguments form for open(). This allows an authenticated, remote attacker with 'editcomponents' permission, to inject commands into attributes. (CVE-2014-8630) - An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the WebServices API. An attacker can execute imported functions from non-WebServices modules. Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-06-13
    plugin id 81424
    published 2015-02-20
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81424
    title Bugzilla < 4.0.16 / 4.2.12 / 4.4.7 / 5.0rc1 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Mandriva Local Security Checks
    NASL id MANDRIVA_MDVSA-2015-030.NASL
    description Updated bugzilla packages fix security vulnerability : Some code in Bugzilla does not properly utilize 3 arguments form for open() and it is possible for an account with editcomponents permissions to inject commands into product names and other attributes (CVE-2014-8630).
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-19
    plugin id 81196
    published 2015-02-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81196
    title Mandriva Linux Security Advisory : bugzilla (MDVSA-2015:030)
refmap via4
confirm
fedora
  • FEDORA-2015-1699
  • FEDORA-2015-1713
gentoo GLSA-201607-11
mandriva MDVSA-2015:030
Last major update 02-01-2017 - 21:59
Published 01-02-2015 - 10:59
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