ID CVE-2014-4477
Summary WebKit, as used in Apple iOS before 8.1.3; Apple Safari before 6.2.3, 7.x before 7.1.3, and 8.x before 8.0.3; and Apple TV before 7.0.3, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption and application crash) via a crafted web site, a different vulnerability than CVE-2014-4476 and CVE-2014-4479.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple iPhone OS 8.1.2
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:iphone_os:8.1.2
  • Apple tvOS 7.0.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:tvos:7.0.1
  • Apple iTunes 12.1
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:itunes:12.1
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:6.2.2
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:6.2.2
  • Apple Safari 7.0
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0
  • Apple Safari 7.0.1
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.1
  • Apple Safari 7.0.2
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.2
  • Apple Safari 7.0.3
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.3
  • Apple Safari 7.0.4
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.4
  • Apple Safari 7.0.5
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.5
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.6
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.0.6
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.1.0
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.1.0
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.1.1
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.1.1
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.1.2
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:7.1.2
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:8.0.0
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:8.0.0
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:8.0.1
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:8.0.1
  • cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:8.0.2
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:8.0.2
CVSS
Base: 6.8 (as of 24-07-2015 - 13:53)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL PARTIAL PARTIAL
nessus via4
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_SAFARI8_0_3.NASL
    description The version of Apple Safari installed on the remote Mac OS X host is prior to 6.2.3 / 7.1.3 / 8.0.3. It is, therefore, affected by multiple memory corruption issues in WebKit. A remote attacker, using a specially crafted website, can exploit these to execute arbitrary code.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 81051
    published 2015-01-28
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81051
    title Mac OS X : Apple Safari < 6.2.3 / 7.1.3 / 8.0.3 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Misc.
    NASL id APPLETV_7_0_3.NASL
    description According to its banner, the remote Apple TV device is a version prior to 7.0.3. It is, therefore, affected by the following vulnerabilities : - Multiple memory corruption issues exist, related to the included version of WebKit, that allow application crashes or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2014-3192, CVE-2014-4459, CVE-2014-4466, CVE-2014-4468, CVE-2014-4469, CVE-2014-4470, CVE-2014-4471, CVE-2014-4472, CVE-2014-4473, CVE-2014-4474, CVE-2014-4475, CVE-2014-4476, CVE-2014-4477, CVE-2014-4479) - A state management issue exists due to improperly handling overlapping segments in Mach-O executable files. A local user can exploit this issue to execute unsigned code. (CVE-2014-4455) - A security bypass issue exists due to improper validation of SVG files loaded in an IMG element. An attacker can load a CSS of cross-origin resulting in information disclosure. (CVE-2014-4465) - An issue exists due to the symbolic linking performed by the 'afc' command which allows an attacker to access arbitrary files on the system. (CVE-2014-4480) - An integer overflow issue exists due to improper bounds checking when processing PDF files. (CVE-2014-4481) - A buffer overflow issue exists due to improper bounds checking when processing fonts in PDF files. (CVE-2014-4483) - A memory corruption issue exists due to improper bounds checking when processing '.dfont' files. (CVE-2014-4484) - A buffer overflow issue exists due to improper bounds checking when processing XML files. (CVE-2014-4485) - A null pointer dereference issue exists due to the handling of resource lists in the IOAcceleratorFamily kernel extension. (CVE-2014-4486) - A buffer overflow issue exists due to improper size validation in the IOHIDFamily. (CVE-2014-4487) - A validation issue exists due to the handling of resource queue metadata in the IOHIDFamily kernel extension. (CVE-2014-4488) - A null pointer dereference issue exists due to the handling of event queues in the IOHIDFamily kernel extension. (CVE-2014-4489) - An information disclosure issue exists due to the handling of APIs related to kernel extensions in which kernel addresses may be revealed. An attacker can leverage this to bypass ASLR protections. (CVE-2014-4491) - Multiple type confusion issues exists due to improper type checking during interprocess communication in the network daemon (networkd). (CVE-2014-4492) - An issue exists due to improper checking of shared memory permissions in the kernel shared memory subsystem. (CVE-2014-4495) - An information disclosure issue exists due to mach_port_kobject kernel interface leaking kernel addresses and heap permutation values. An attacker can leverage this to bypass ASLR protections. (CVE-2014-4496) Note that arbitrary code execution is possible with the above issues assigned CVE-2014-4481 through CVE-2014-4489, CVE-2014-4492, and CVE-2014-4495.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 81145
    published 2015-02-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81145
    title Apple TV < 7.0.3 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_10_10_2.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.10.x that is prior to version 10.10.2. This update contains several security-related fixes for the following components : - bash - Bluetooth - CFNetwork Cache - CommerceKit Framework - CoreGraphics - CoreSymbolication - CPU Software - FontParser - Foundation - Intel Graphics Driver - IOAcceleratorFamily - IOHIDFamily - IOKit - IOUSBFamily - Kernel - LaunchServices - libnetcore - LoginWindow - lukemftp - OpenSSL - Safari - SceneKit - Security - security_taskgate - Spotlight - SpotlightIndex - sysmond - UserAccountUpdater Note that successful exploitation of the most serious issues can result in arbitrary code execution.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 81087
    published 2015-01-29
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81087
    title Mac OS X 10.10.x < 10.10.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities (POODLE)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id ITUNES_12_2_0.NASL
    description The version of Apple iTunes installed on the remote Windows host is prior to 12.2. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities in the bundled version of WebKit, including denial of service and arbitrary code execution vulnerabilities. Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 84504
    published 2015-07-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84504
    title Apple iTunes < 12.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities (credentialed check)
  • NASL family Peer-To-Peer File Sharing
    NASL id ITUNES_12_2_0_BANNER.NASL
    description The version of Apple iTunes running on the remote host is prior to 12.2. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities due to memory corruption issues in the WebKit component. An attacker can exploit these to cause a denial of service or execute arbitrary code. Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 86600
    published 2015-10-26
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=86600
    title Apple iTunes < 12.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities (uncredentialed check)
refmap via4
apple
  • APPLE-SA-2015-01-27-1
  • APPLE-SA-2015-01-27-2
  • APPLE-SA-2015-01-27-3
  • APPLE-SA-2015-06-30-6
bid 72331
confirm
sectrack 1031647
Last major update 28-11-2016 - 14:12
Published 30-01-2015 - 06:59
Last modified 08-03-2019 - 11:06
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