ID CVE-2014-2327
Summary Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerability in Cacti 0.8.7g, 0.8.8b, and earlier allows remote attackers to hijack the authentication of users for unspecified commands, as demonstrated by requests that (1) modify binary files, (2) modify configurations, or (3) add arbitrary users.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Debian Linux 7.0
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:7.0
  • Debian Linux 8.0 (Jessie)
    cpe:2.3:o:debian:debian_linux:8.0
  • OpenSUSE 13.1
    cpe:2.3:o:opensuse:opensuse:13.1
  • OpenSUSE 13.2
    cpe:2.3:o:opensuse:opensuse:13.2
CVSS
Base: 6.8 (as of 25-08-2016 - 12:53)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-352
CAPEC
  • JSON Hijacking (aka JavaScript Hijacking)
    An attacker targets a system that uses JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) as a transport mechanism between the client and the server (common in Web 2.0 systems using AJAX) to steal possibly confidential information transmitted from the server back to the client inside the JSON object by taking advantage of the loophole in the browser's Same Origin Policy that does not prohibit JavaScript from one website to be included and executed in the context of another website. An attacker gets the victim to visit his or her malicious page that contains a script tag whose source points to the vulnerable system with a URL that requests a response from the server containing a JSON object with possibly confidential information. The malicious page also contains malicious code to capture the JSON object returned by the server before any other processing on it can take place, typically by overriding the JavaScript function used to create new objects. This hook allows the malicious code to get access to the creation of each object and transmit the possibly sensitive contents of the captured JSON object to the attackers' server. There is nothing in the browser's security model to prevent the attackers' malicious JavaScript code (originating from attacker's domain) to set up an environment (as described above) to intercept a JSON object response (coming from the vulnerable target system's domain), read its contents and transmit to the attackers' controlled site. The same origin policy protects the domain object model (DOM), but not the JSON.
  • Cross-Domain Search Timing
    An attacker initiates cross domain HTTP / GET requests and times the server responses. The timing of these responses may leak important information on what is happening on the server. Browser's same origin policy prevents the attacker from directly reading the server responses (in the absence of any other weaknesses), but does not prevent the attacker from timing the responses to requests that the attacker issued cross domain. For GET requests an attacker could for instance leverage the "img" tag in conjunction with "onload() / onerror()" javascript events. For the POST requests, an attacker could leverage the "iframe" element and leverage the "onload()" event. There is nothing in the current browser security model that prevents an attacker to use these methods to time responses to the attackers' cross domain requests. The timing for these responses leaks information. For instance, if a victim has an active session with their online e-mail account, an attacker could issue search requests in the victim's mailbox. While the attacker is not able to view the responses, based on the timings of the responses, the attacker could ask yes / no questions as to the content of victim's e-mails, who the victim e-mailed, when, etc. This is but one example; There are other scenarios where an attacker could infer potentially sensitive information from cross domain requests by timing the responses while asking the right questions that leak information.
  • Cross Site Identification
    An attacker harvests identifying information about a victim via an active session that the victim's browser has with a social networking site. A victim may have the social networking site open in one tab or perhaps is simply using the "remember me" feature to keep his or her session with the social networking site active. An attacker induces a payload to execute in the victim's browser that transparently to the victim initiates a request to the social networking site (e.g., via available social network site APIs) to retrieve identifying information about a victim. While some of this information may be public, the attacker is able to harvest this information in context and may use it for further attacks on the user (e.g., spear phishing). In one example of an attack, an attacker may post a malicious posting that contains an image with an embedded link. The link actually requests identifying information from the social networking site. A victim who views the malicious posting in his or her browser will have sent identifying information to the attacker, as long as the victim had an active session with the social networking site. There are many other ways in which the attacker may get the payload to execute in the victim's browser mainly by finding a way to hide it in some reputable site that the victim visits. The attacker could also send the link to the victim in an e-mail and trick the victim into clicking on the link. This attack is basically a cross site request forgery attack with two main differences. First, there is no action that is performed on behalf of the user aside from harvesting information. So standard CSRF protection may not work in this situation. Second, what is important in this attack pattern is the nature of the data being harvested, which is identifying information that can be obtained and used in context. This real time harvesting of identifying information can be used as a prelude for launching real time targeted social engineering attacks on the victim.
  • Cross Site Request Forgery (aka Session Riding)
    An attacker crafts malicious web links and distributes them (via web pages, email, etc.), typically in a targeted manner, hoping to induce users to click on the link and execute the malicious action against some third-party application. If successful, the action embedded in the malicious link will be processed and accepted by the targeted application with the users' privilege level. This type of attack leverages the persistence and implicit trust placed in user session cookies by many web applications today. In such an architecture, once the user authenticates to an application and a session cookie is created on the user's system, all following transactions for that session are authenticated using that cookie including potential actions initiated by an attacker and simply "riding" the existing session cookie.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL PARTIAL PARTIAL
nessus via4
  • NASL family CGI abuses
    NASL id CACTI_088C.NASL
    description According to its self-reported version number, the Cacti application running on the remote web server is prior to version 0.8.8c. It is, therefore, potentially affected by the following vulnerabilities : - Multiple XSS vulnerabilities exist in the 'step' parameter to 'install/index.php' and the 'id' parameter in 'cacti/host.php'. (CVE-2013-5588) - A SQL injection vulnerability in the 'id' parameter to 'cacti/host.php' could allow remote attackers to inject arbitrary SQL commands. (CVE-2013-5589) - An XSS vulnerability exists via unspecified vectors to 'cdef.php'. (CVE-2014-2326) - A XSRF vulnerability exists that allows remote attackers to hijack the authentication of users for unspecified commands. (CVE-2014-2327) - A flaw exists in 'lib/graph_export.php' that allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in unspecified vectors. (CVE-2014-2328) - Multiple SQL injection vulnerabilities exist in 'graph_xport.php' which allow remote attackers to inject arbitrary SQL commands. (CVE-2014-2708) - Improper escaping of shell metacharacters in unspecified parameters allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands. (CVE-2014-2709) - Multiple XSS vulnerabilities exist that allow attackers to inject arbitrary script data using the 'drp_action', 'graph_template_input_id', and 'graph_template_id' parameters to various PHP scripts. (CVE-2014-4002) - A XSS vulnerability exists in 'data_sources.php' which allows a remote, authenticated user with console access to inject arbitrary script data via the 'name_cache' parameter in a ds_edit action. (CVE-2014-5025) - Multiple XSS vulnerabilities exists that allow attackers to inject arbitrary script data via 'Graph Tree Title', 'CDEF Name', 'Data Input Method Name', 'Host Templates Name', 'Data Source Title', 'Graph Title', or 'Graph Template Name' when carried out under delete, edit, or duplicate actions. (CVE-2014-5026)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-28
    plugin id 81603
    published 2015-03-03
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81603
    title Cacti < 0.8.8c Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2014-4928.NASL
    description Patches for four CVEs. This update fixes SQL injection, shell escaping issues, a stored XSS attack, and use of exec-like function calls without safety checks allowing arbitrary command execution. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-05
    plugin id 73602
    published 2014-04-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=73602
    title Fedora 19 : cacti-0.8.8b-5.fc19 (2014-4928)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-2970.NASL
    description Multiple security issues (cross-site scripting, cross-site request forgery, SQL injections, missing input sanitising) have been found in Cacti, a web frontend for RRDTool.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 76299
    published 2014-06-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=76299
    title Debian DSA-2970-1 : cacti - security update
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201509-03.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201509-03 (Cacti: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in cacti. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : A remote attacker could possibly execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the process, or cause a Denial of Service condition. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2015-09-25
    plugin id 86134
    published 2015-09-25
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=86134
    title GLSA-201509-03 : Cacti: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Amazon Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id ALA_ALAS-2014-347.NASL
    description Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerability in Cacti 0.8.7g, 0.8.8b, and earlier allows remote attackers to hijack the authentication of users for unspecified commands, as demonstrated by requests that (1) modify binary files, (2) modify configurations, or (3) add arbitrary users. Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in cdef.php in Cacti 0.8.7g, 0.8.8b, and earlier allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via unspecified vectors. lib/rrd.php in Cacti 0.8.7g, 0.8.8b, and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in unspecified parameters. Multiple SQL injection vulnerabilities in graph_xport.php in Cacti 0.8.7g, 0.8.8b, and earlier allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands via the (1) graph_start, (2) graph_end, (3) graph_height, (4) graph_width, (5) graph_nolegend, (6) print_source, (7) local_graph_id, or (8) rra_id parameter. lib/graph_export.php in Cacti 0.8.7g, 0.8.8b, and earlier allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in unspecified vectors.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-04-18
    plugin id 78290
    published 2014-10-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=78290
    title Amazon Linux AMI : cacti (ALAS-2014-347)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id OPENSUSE-2015-221.NASL
    description cacti was updated to version 0.8.8c [boo#920399] This update fixes four vulnerabilities and adds some compatible features. - Security fixes not previously patched : - CVE-2014-2326 - XSS issue via CDEF editing - CVE-2014-2327 - Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerability - CVE-2014-2328 - Remote Command Execution Vulnerability in graph export - CVE-2014-4002 - XSS issues in multiple files - CVE-2014-5025 - XSS issue via data source editing - CVE-2014-5026 - XSS issues in multiple files - Security fixes now upstream : - CVE-2013-5588 - XSS issue via installer or device editing - CVE-2013-5589 - SQL injection vulnerability in device editing New features : - New graph tree view - Updated graph list and graph preview - Refactor graph tree view to remove GPL incompatible code - Updated command line database upgrade utility - Graph zooming now from everywhere
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2015-03-12
    plugin id 81765
    published 2015-03-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=81765
    title openSUSE Security Update : cacti (openSUSE-2015-221)
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_A0E74731181B11E5A1CF002590263BF5.NASL
    description The Cacti Group, Inc. reports : Important Security Fixes - CVE-2013-5588 - XSS issue via installer or device editing - CVE-2013-5589 - SQL injection vulnerability in device editing - CVE-2014-2326 - XSS issue via CDEF editing - CVE-2014-2327 - Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerability - CVE-2014-2328 - Remote Command Execution Vulnerability in graph export - CVE-2014-4002 - XSS issues in multiple files - CVE-2014-5025 - XSS issue via data source editing - CVE-2014-5026 - XSS issues in multiple files
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-19
    plugin id 84323
    published 2015-06-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=84323
    title FreeBSD : cacti -- multiple security vulnerabilities (a0e74731-181b-11e5-a1cf-002590263bf5)
  • NASL family Fedora Local Security Checks
    NASL id FEDORA_2014-4892.NASL
    description Patches for four CVEs. This update fixes SQL injection, shell escaping issues, a stored XSS attack, and use of exec-like function calls without safety checks allowing arbitrary command execution. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Fedora security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-05
    plugin id 73600
    published 2014-04-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=73600
    title Fedora 20 : cacti-0.8.8b-5.fc20 (2014-4892)
refmap via4
bid 66392
bugtraq 20140324 Deutsche Telekom CERT Advisory [DTC-A-20140324-001] vulnerabilities in cacti
confirm https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=742768
debian DSA-2970
gentoo GLSA-201509-03
jvn JVN#55076671
jvndb JVNDB-2014-002239
secunia 59203
suse openSUSE-SU-2015:0479
Last major update 27-12-2016 - 21:59
Published 23-04-2014 - 11:55
Last modified 13-12-2018 - 13:22
Back to Top