ID CVE-2012-2556
Summary The OpenType Font (OTF) driver in the kernel-mode drivers in Microsoft Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2, R2, and R2 SP1, Windows 7 Gold and SP1, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, and Windows RT allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OpenType font file, aka "OpenType Font Parsing Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Windows 2003 Server Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2003_server:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x64
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x86
  • Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1 (initial release)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows 7 x86 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x86
  • Microsoft Windows 7
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7
  • Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1 (initial release)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x64
  • Windows 8 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8:-:-:x64
  • Windows 8 x86 (32-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_8:-:-:x86
  • Microsoft Windows RT
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_rt
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2003:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:itanium
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x64
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:r2:itanium
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:r2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 for Itanium-Based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x64
  • Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x86
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 for Itanium-Based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:-:itanium
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for 32-bit Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 r2 Service Pack 1 Itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2012
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp3
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2:x64
CVSS
Base: 9.3 (as of 12-12-2012 - 10:20)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-94
CAPEC
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Manipulating User-Controlled Variables
    This attack targets user controlled variables (DEBUG=1, PHP Globals, and So Forth). An attacker can override environment variables leveraging user-supplied, untrusted query variables directly used on the application server without any data sanitization. In extreme cases, the attacker can change variables controlling the business logic of the application. For instance, in languages like PHP, a number of poorly set default configurations may allow the user to override variables.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
msbulletin via4
bulletin_id MS12-078
bulletin_url
date 2012-12-11T00:00:00
impact Remote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id 2783534
knowledgebase_url
severity Critical
title Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Remote Code Execution
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS12-078.NASL
description The remote Windows host is affected by the following remote code execution vulnerabilities : - An OpenType Font parsing vulnerability exists due to the way OpenType font files are handled. (CVE-2012-2556) - A TrueType Font parsing vulnerability exists due to the way TrueType font files are handled.(CVE-2012-4786)
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 63225
published 2012-12-11
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=63225
title MS12-078: Vulnerability in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2783534)
oval via4
accepted 2013-05-06T04:01:49.926-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
  • name SecPod Team
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Pooja Shetty
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Pradeep R B
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Sharath S
    organization SecPod Technologies
definition_extensions
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6124
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5594
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5653
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6216
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Itanium-Based Edition Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6150
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:12541
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6438
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Itanium-Based Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5954
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:12292
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:12567
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Itanium-Based Edition Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:12583
  • comment Microsoft Windows 8 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15732
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2012 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:16359
description The OpenType Font (OTF) driver in the kernel-mode drivers in Microsoft Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2, R2, and R2 SP1, Windows 7 Gold and SP1, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, and Windows RT allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OpenType font file, aka "OpenType Font Parsing Vulnerability."
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:16067
status accepted
submitted 2012-12-12T10:50:40
title OpenType Font Parsing Vulnerability - MS12-078
version 73
refmap via4
cert TA12-346A
ms MS12-078
Last major update 02-11-2013 - 23:24
Published 11-12-2012 - 19:55
Last modified 26-02-2019 - 09:04
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