ID CVE-2012-1891
Summary Heap-based buffer overflow in Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.8 SP1 and SP2 and Windows Data Access Components (WDAC) 6.0 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted XML data that triggers access to an uninitialized object in memory, aka "ADO Cachesize Heap Overflow RCE Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.8 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:data_access_components:2.8:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp3
  • Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.8 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:data_access_components:2.8:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2003:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Data Access Components (WDAC) 6.0
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:windows_data_access_components:6.0
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x64
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:x86
  • Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1 (initial release)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows 7 x86 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x86
  • Microsoft Windows 7
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7
  • Microsoft Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1 (initial release)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows 7 x86 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_7:-:sp1:x86
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 for Itanium-Based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x64
  • Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x86
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:-:itanium
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for 32-bit Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 r2 Service Pack 1 Itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:r2:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2:x64
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2:x86
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
CVSS
Base: 9.3 (as of 11-07-2012 - 12:49)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
msbulletin via4
bulletin_id MS12-045
bulletin_url
date 2012-07-10T00:00:00
impact Remote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id 2698365
knowledgebase_url
severity Critical
title Vulnerability in Microsoft Data Access Components Could Allow Remote Code Execution
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS12-045.NASL
description The version of Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) installed on the remote Windows host is affected by a remote code execution vulnerability that could allow arbitrary code execution if a user views a specially crafted web page.
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 59908
published 2012-07-11
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=59908
title MS12-045: Vulnerability in Microsoft Data Access Components Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2698365)
oval via4
accepted 2015-08-10T04:00:17.131-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
  • name SecPod Team
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Chandan S
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Maria Mikhno
    organization ALTX-SOFT
  • name Maria Mikhno
    organization ALTX-SOFT
  • name Maria Mikhno
    organization ALTX-SOFT
definition_extensions
  • comment Microsoft Data Access Components is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:29323
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1353
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP x64 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15247
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) Gold is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:396
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (x64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:730
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (ia-64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5667
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:12541
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6438
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Itanium-Based Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5954
  • comment Microsoft Windows 7 x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5950
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Itanium-Based Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5954
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6438
description Heap-based buffer overflow in Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.8 SP1 and SP2 and Windows Data Access Components (WDAC) 6.0 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted XML data that triggers access to an uninitialized object in memory, aka "ADO Cachesize Heap Overflow RCE Vulnerability."
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:14783
status accepted
submitted 2012-07-13T13:50:14
title ADO Cachesize Heap Overflow RCE Vulnerability - MS12-045
version 29
refmap via4
cert TA12-192A
ms MS12-045
Last major update 06-03-2013 - 23:54
Published 10-07-2012 - 17:55
Last modified 26-02-2019 - 09:04
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