ID CVE-2010-0480
Summary Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in the MPEG Layer-3 audio codecs in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP2, Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Server 2008 Gold and SP2 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted AVI file, aka "MPEG Layer-3 Audio Decoder Stack Overflow Vulnerability."
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2000:-:sp4
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 3
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp3
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_xp:-:sp2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows 2003 Server Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2003_server:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows 2003 Server Service Pack 2 Itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_2003_server:-:sp2:itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2003:-:sp2
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:itanium
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:itanium
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 for Itanium-Based Systems
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:itanium
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x64
  • Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 x86
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_server_2008:-:sp2:x86
  • Microsoft Windows Vista
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista
  • cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:x64
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 1 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp1:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2 x64 (64-bit)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2:x64
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (initial release)
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp1
  • Microsoft Windows Vista Service Pack 2
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows_vista:-:sp2
CVSS
Base: 9.3 (as of 15-04-2010 - 19:21)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-119
CAPEC
  • Buffer Overflow via Environment Variables
    This attack pattern involves causing a buffer overflow through manipulation of environment variables. Once the attacker finds that they can modify an environment variable, they may try to overflow associated buffers. This attack leverages implicit trust often placed in environment variables.
  • Overflow Buffers
    Buffer Overflow attacks target improper or missing bounds checking on buffer operations, typically triggered by input injected by an attacker. As a consequence, an attacker is able to write past the boundaries of allocated buffer regions in memory, causing a program crash or potentially redirection of execution as per the attackers' choice.
  • Client-side Injection-induced Buffer Overflow
    This type of attack exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in targeted client software through injection of malicious content from a custom-built hostile service.
  • Filter Failure through Buffer Overflow
    In this attack, the idea is to cause an active filter to fail by causing an oversized transaction. An attacker may try to feed overly long input strings to the program in an attempt to overwhelm the filter (by causing a buffer overflow) and hoping that the filter does not fail securely (i.e. the user input is let into the system unfiltered).
  • MIME Conversion
    An attacker exploits a weakness in the MIME conversion routine to cause a buffer overflow and gain control over the mail server machine. The MIME system is designed to allow various different information formats to be interpreted and sent via e-mail. Attack points exist when data are converted to MIME compatible format and back.
  • Overflow Binary Resource File
    An attack of this type exploits a buffer overflow vulnerability in the handling of binary resources. Binary resources may include music files like MP3, image files like JPEG files, and any other binary file. These attacks may pass unnoticed to the client machine through normal usage of files, such as a browser loading a seemingly innocent JPEG file. This can allow the attacker access to the execution stack and execute arbitrary code in the target process. This attack pattern is a variant of standard buffer overflow attacks using an unexpected vector (binary files) to wrap its attack and open up a new attack vector. The attacker is required to either directly serve the binary content to the victim, or place it in a locale like a MP3 sharing application, for the victim to download. The attacker then is notified upon the download or otherwise locates the vulnerability opened up by the buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Symbolic Links
    This type of attack leverages the use of symbolic links to cause buffer overflows. An attacker can try to create or manipulate a symbolic link file such that its contents result in out of bounds data. When the target software processes the symbolic link file, it could potentially overflow internal buffers with insufficient bounds checking.
  • Overflow Variables and Tags
    This type of attack leverages the use of tags or variables from a formatted configuration data to cause buffer overflow. The attacker crafts a malicious HTML page or configuration file that includes oversized strings, thus causing an overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow via Parameter Expansion
    In this attack, the target software is given input that the attacker knows will be modified and expanded in size during processing. This attack relies on the target software failing to anticipate that the expanded data may exceed some internal limit, thereby creating a buffer overflow.
  • Buffer Overflow in an API Call
    This attack targets libraries or shared code modules which are vulnerable to buffer overflow attacks. An attacker who has access to an API may try to embed malicious code in the API function call and exploit a buffer overflow vulnerability in the function's implementation. All clients that make use of the code library thus become vulnerable by association. This has a very broad effect on security across a system, usually affecting more than one software process.
  • Buffer Overflow in Local Command-Line Utilities
    This attack targets command-line utilities available in a number of shells. An attacker can leverage a vulnerability found in a command-line utility to escalate privilege to root.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
exploit-db via4
  • description MOAUB #24 - Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Audio Decoder Division By Zero. CVE-2010-0480. Dos exploit for windows platform
    id EDB-ID:15096
    last seen 2016-02-01
    modified 2010-09-24
    published 2010-09-24
    reporter Abysssec
    source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/15096/
    title Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Audio Decoder - Division By Zero
  • description MS10-026 Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Audio Stack Based Overflow. CVE-2010-0480. Remote exploit for windows platform
    id EDB-ID:17659
    last seen 2016-02-02
    modified 2011-08-13
    published 2011-08-13
    reporter metasploit
    source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/17659/
    title Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Audio - Stack Based Overflow MS10-026
metasploit via4
description This module exploits a buffer overflow in l3codecx.ax while processing a AVI files with MPEG Layer-3 audio contents. The overflow only allows to overwrite with 0's so the three least significant bytes of EIP saved on stack are overwritten and shellcode is mapped using the .NET DLL memory technique pioneered by Alexander Sotirov and Mark Dowd. Please note on IE 8 targets, your malicious URL must be a trusted site in order to load the .Net control.
id MSF:EXPLOIT/WINDOWS/BROWSER/MS10_026_AVI_NSAMPLESPERSEC
last seen 2019-03-28
modified 2017-09-09
published 2011-08-12
reliability Normal
reporter Rapid7
source https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/blob/master/modules/exploits/windows/browser/ms10_026_avi_nsamplespersec.rb
title MS10-026 Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Audio Stack Based Overflow
msbulletin via4
bulletin_id MS10-026
bulletin_url
date 2010-04-13T00:00:00
impact Remote Code Execution
knowledgebase_id 977816
knowledgebase_url
severity Critical
title Vulnerability in Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Codecs Could Allow Remote Code Execution
nessus via4
NASL family Windows : Microsoft Bulletins
NASL id SMB_NT_MS10-026.NASL
description The Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 (MP3) codecs have a buffer overflow vulnerability that is triggered by opening a specially crafted AVI file with an MP3 audio stream. A remote attacker could exploit this by tricking a user into opening a malicious AVI file, which would lead to arbitrary code execution.
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 45513
published 2010-04-13
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45513
title MS10-026: Vulnerability in Microsoft MPEG Layer-3 Codecs Could Allow Remote Code Execution (977816)
oval via4
accepted 2010-06-07T04:00:39.696-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
name Dragos Prisaca
organization Symantec Corporation
definition_extensions
  • comment Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4 or later is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:229
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:754
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP (x86) SP3 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5631
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1935
  • comment Microsoft Windows XP x64 Edition SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4193
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x64) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2161
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (ia64) SP2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1442
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1282
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2041
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4873
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5254
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:4870
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5356
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6124
  • comment Microsoft Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5594
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5653
  • comment Microsoft Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition Service Pack 2 is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6216
description Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in the MPEG Layer-3 audio codecs in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP2, Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, and Server 2008 Gold and SP2 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted AVI file, aka "MPEG Layer-3 Audio Decoder Stack Overflow Vulnerability."
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:7441
status accepted
submitted 2010-03-13T13:00:00
title MPEG Layer-3 Audio Decoder Stack Overflow Vulnerability
version 69
packetstorm via4
refmap via4
cert TA10-103A
ms MS10-026
sreason 8336
Last major update 21-09-2011 - 23:17
Published 14-04-2010 - 12:00
Last modified 26-02-2019 - 09:04
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