ID CVE-2010-0042
Summary ImageIO in Apple Safari before 4.0.5 and iTunes before 9.1 on Windows does not ensure that memory access is associated with initialized memory, which allows remote attackers to obtain potentially sensitive information from process memory via a crafted TIFF image.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple Safari 4.0.4
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:4.0.4
  • Apple Safari 4.0.3
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:4.0.3
  • Apple Safari 4.0.2
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:4.0.2
  • Apple Safari 4.0.1
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:4.0.1
  • Apple Safari 4.0.0b
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:4.0.0b
  • Apple Safari 4.0
    cpe:2.3:a:apple:safari:4.0
  • Microsoft Windows
    cpe:2.3:o:microsoft:windows
CVSS
Base: 4.3 (as of 15-03-2010 - 11:11)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK MEDIUM NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE NONE
nessus via4
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id ITUNES_9_1.NASL
    description The version of Apple iTunes installed on the remote Windows host is older than 9.1. Such versions may be affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A buffer underflow in ImageIO's handling of TIFF images may lead to an application crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2009-2285) - An integer overflow in the applications's handling of images with an embedded color profile may lead to an application crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0040) - An uninitialized memory access issue in ImageIO's handling of BMP images may result in sending data from Safari's memory to a website under an attacker's control. (CVE-2010-0041) - An uninitialized memory access issue in ImageIO's handling of TIFF images may result in sending data from Safari's memory to a website under an attacker's control. (CVE-2010-0042) - A memory corruption issue in the application's handling of TIFF images may lead to an application crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0043) - A race condition during the installation process may allow a local user modify a file that is then executed with SYSTEM privileges. (CVE-2010-0532) - A path searching issue may allow code execution if an attacker can place a specially crafted DLL in a directory and have a user open another file using iTunes in that directory. (CVE-2010-1795)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-12
    plugin id 45390
    published 2010-03-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45390
    title Apple iTunes < 9.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities (credentialed check)
  • NASL family Windows
    NASL id SAFARI_4_0_5.NASL
    description The version of Safari installed on the remote Windows host is earlier than 4.0.5. It thus is potentially affected by several issues : - A buffer underflow in ImageIO's handling of TIFF images could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2009-2285) - An integer overflow in the handling of images with an embedded color profile could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0040) - An uninitialized memory access issue in ImageIO's handling of BMP images could result in sending of data from Safari's memory to a website. (CVE-2010-0041) - An uninitialized memory access issue in ImageIO's handling of TIFF images could result in the sending of data from Safari's memory to a website. (CVE-2010-0042) - A memory corruption issue in the handling of TIFF images could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0043) - An implementation issue in the handling of cookies set by RSS and Atom feeds could result in a cookie being set when visiting or updating a feed even if Safari is configured to block cookies via the 'Accept Cookies' preference. (CVE-2010-0044) - An issue in Safari's handling of external URL schemes could cause a local file to be opened in response to a URL encountered on a web page, which could allow a malicious web server to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2010-0045) - A memory corruption issue in WebKit's handling of CSS format() arguments could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0046) - A use-after-free issue in the handling of HTML object element fallback content could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0047) - A use-after-free issue in WebKit's parsing of XML documents could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0048) - A use-after-free issue in the handling of HTML elements containing right-to-left displayed text could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0049) - A use-after-free issue in WebKit's handling of incorrectly nested HTML tags could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0050) - An implementation issue in WebKit's handling of cross- origin stylesheet requests when visiting a malicious website could result in disclosure of the content of protected resources on another website. (CVE-2010-0051) - A use-after-free issue in WebKit's handling of callbacks for HTML elements could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0052) - A use-after-free issue in the rendering of content with a CSS display property set to 'run-in' could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0053) - A use-after-free issue in WebKit's handling of HTML image elements could lead to a crash or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0054)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-27
    plugin id 45045
    published 2010-03-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45045
    title Safari < 4.0.5 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_SECUPD2010-002.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.5 that does not have Security Update 2010-002 applied. This security update contains fixes for the following products : - AppKit - Application Firewall - AFP Server - Apache - ClamAV - CoreTypes - CUPS - curl - Cyrus IMAP - Cyrus SASL - Disk Images - Directory Services - Event Monitor - FreeRADIUS - FTP Server - iChat Server - Image RAW - Libsystem - Mail - Mailman - OS Services - Password Server - perl - PHP - PS Normalizer - Ruby - Server Admin - SMB - Tomcat - unzip - vim - Wiki Server - X11 - xar
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-16
    plugin id 45373
    published 2010-03-29
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45373
    title Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities (Security Update 2010-002)
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_10_6_3.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.6.x that is prior to 10.6.3. Mac OS X 10.6.3 contains security fixes for the following products : - AFP Server - Apache - CoreAudio - CoreMedia - CoreTypes - CUPS - DesktopServices - Disk Images - Directory Services - Dovecot - Event Monitor - FreeRADIUS - FTP Server - iChat Server - ImageIO - Image RAW - Libsystem - Mail - MySQL - OS Services - Password Server - PHP - Podcast Producer - Preferences - PS Normalizer - QuickTime - Ruby - Server Admin - SMB - Tomcat - Wiki Server - X11
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-16
    plugin id 45372
    published 2010-03-29
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45372
    title Mac OS X 10.6.x < 10.6.3 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Peer-To-Peer File Sharing
    NASL id ITUNES_9_1_BANNER.NASL
    description The version of Apple iTunes on the remote host is prior to version 9.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities : - A buffer underflow in ImageIO's handling of TIFF images can lead to a denial of service or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2009-2285) - An integer overflow in the application's handling of images with an embedded color profile can lead to a denial of service or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0040) - An uninitialized memory access vulnerability in ImageIO's handling of BMP images can result in the sending of sensitive data from Safari's memory to a website under an attacker's control. (CVE-2010-0041) - An uninitialized memory access vulnerability in ImageIO's handling of TIFF images can result in the sending of sensitive data from Safari's memory to a website under an attacker's control. (CVE-2010-0042) - A memory corruption vulnerability in the ImageIO's handling of TIFF images can lead to a denial of service or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0043) - An infinite loop vulnerability in the application's handling of imported MP4 podcast files can lead to a denial of service or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2010-0531) - A race condition during the installation process allows a local attacker to modify an unspecified file which can then be executed with SYSTEM privileges. (CVE-2010-0532) - A path searching vulnerability exists that allows code execution if an attacker places a specially crafted DLL in a directory and has a user open another file using iTunes in that directory. (CVE-2010-1795) - Syncing a mobile device can allow a local attacker to gain the privileges of the console user due to an insecure file operation in the handling of log files. (CVE-2010-1768)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-12
    plugin id 45391
    published 2010-03-31
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45391
    title Apple iTunes < 9.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities (uncredentialed check)
oval via4
accepted 2015-06-22T04:00:49.719-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
  • name J. Daniel Brown
    organization DTCC
  • name Scott Quint
    organization Quintechssential
  • name Shane Shaffer
    organization G2, Inc.
  • name Pooja Shetty
    organization SecPod Technologies
  • name Maria Kedovskaya
    organization ALTX-SOFT
  • name Shane Shaffer
    organization G2, Inc.
  • name Maria Kedovskaya
    organization ALTX-SOFT
  • name Bernd Eggenmueller
    organization baramundi software
definition_extensions
  • comment Apple iTunes is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:12353
  • comment Apple Safari is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:6325
description ImageIO in Apple Safari before 4.0.5 and iTunes before 9.1 on Windows does not ensure that memory access is associated with initialized memory, which allows remote attackers to obtain potentially sensitive information from process memory via a crafted TIFF image.
family windows
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:7561
status accepted
submitted 2010-04-09T10:30:00.000-05:00
title Apple Safari TIFF Image Uninitialized Memory Information Disclosure Vulnerability
version 20
refmap via4
apple
  • APPLE-SA-2010-03-11-1
  • APPLE-SA-2010-03-29-1
  • APPLE-SA-2010-03-30-2
  • APPLE-SA-2010-06-21-1
  • APPLE-SA-2010-11-22-1
bid
  • 38671
  • 38677
confirm
sectrack 1023706
secunia
  • 39135
  • 42314
Last major update 10-12-2010 - 01:37
Published 15-03-2010 - 09:28
Last modified 18-09-2017 - 21:30
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