ID CVE-2008-7002
Summary PHP 5.2.5 does not enforce (a) open_basedir and (b) safe_mode_exec_dir restrictions for certain functions, which might allow local users to bypass intended access restrictions and call programs outside of the intended directory via the (1) exec, (2) system, (3) shell_exec, (4) passthru, or (5) popen functions, possibly involving pathnames such as "C:" drive notation.
Vulnerable Configurations
  • PHP 5.2.5
Base: 7.2 (as of 19-08-2009 - 10:50)
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf ( http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
exploit-db via4
description PHP 5.2.5 Multiple Functions 'safe_mode_exec_dir' and 'open_basedir' Restriction Bypass Vulnerabilities. CVE-2008-7002. Local exploit for php platform
id EDB-ID:32343
last seen 2016-02-03
modified 2008-09-08
published 2008-09-08
reporter Ciph3r
title PHP 5.2.5 - Multiple Functions 'safe_mode_exec_dir' and 'open_basedir' Restriction Bypass Vulnerabilities
nessus via4
NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201001-03 (PHP: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in PHP. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below and the associated PHP release notes for details. Impact : A context-dependent attacker could execute arbitrary code via a specially crafted string containing an HTML entity when the mbstring extension is enabled. Furthermore a remote attacker could execute arbitrary code via a specially crafted GD graphics file. A remote attacker could also cause a Denial of Service via a malformed string passed to the json_decode() function, via a specially crafted ZIP file passed to the php_zip_make_relative_path() function, via a malformed JPEG image passed to the exif_read_data() function, or via temporary file exhaustion. It is also possible for an attacker to spoof certificates, bypass various safe_mode and open_basedir restrictions when certain criteria are met, perform Cross-site scripting attacks, more easily perform SQL injection attacks, manipulate settings of other virtual hosts on the same server via a malicious .htaccess entry when running on Apache, disclose memory portions, and write arbitrary files via a specially crafted ZIP archive. Some vulnerabilities with unknown impact and attack vectors have been reported as well. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-14
plugin id 44892
published 2010-02-25
reporter Tenable
title GLSA-201001-03 : PHP: Multiple vulnerabilities
refmap via4
bid 31064
statements via4
contributor Tomas Hoger
lastmodified 2009-09-02
organization Red Hat
statement This is not a security issue. For further details, see:
Last major update 19-08-2009 - 00:00
Published 19-08-2009 - 01:24
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