ID CVE-2008-4456
Summary Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the command-line client in MySQL 5.0.26 through 5.0.45, and other versions including versions later than 5.0.45, when the --html option is enabled, allows attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML by placing it in a database cell, which might be accessed by this client when composing an HTML document. NOTE: as of 20081031, the issue has not been fixed in MySQL 5.0.67.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • MySQL MySQL 5.0.4
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.4
  • MySQL 5.0.26
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.26
  • MySQL MySQL 5.0.27
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.27
  • MySQL 5.0.30
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.30
  • MySQL 5.0.30 Service Pack 1
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.30:sp1
  • MySQL 5.0.32
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.32
  • MySQL MySQL 5.0.33
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.33
  • MySQL 5.0.36
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.36
  • MySQL MySQL 5.0.37
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.37
  • MySQL 5.0.38
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.38
  • MySQL5.0.41
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.41
  • MySQL5.0.42
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.42
  • MySQL5.0.44
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.44
  • MySQL5.0.45
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.45
  • MySQL5.0.67
    cpe:2.3:a:mysql:mysql:5.0.67
CVSS
Base: 2.6 (as of 07-10-2008 - 13:53)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-79
CAPEC
  • Cross Site Scripting through Log Files
    An attacker may leverage a system weakness where logs are susceptible to log injection to insert scripts into the system's logs. If these logs are later viewed by an administrator through a thin administrative interface and the log data is not properly HTML encoded before being written to the page, the attackers' scripts stored in the log will be executed in the administrative interface with potentially serious consequences. This attack pattern is really a combination of two other attack patterns: log injection and stored cross site scripting.
  • Embedding Scripts in Non-Script Elements
    This attack is a form of Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) where malicious scripts are embedded in elements that are not expected to host scripts such as image tags (<img>), comments in XML documents (< !-CDATA->), etc. These tags may not be subject to the same input validation, output validation, and other content filtering and checking routines, so this can create an opportunity for an attacker to tunnel through the application's elements and launch a XSS attack through other elements. As with all remote attacks, it is important to differentiate the ability to launch an attack (such as probing an internal network for unpatched servers) and the ability of the remote attacker to collect and interpret the output of said attack.
  • Embedding Scripts within Scripts
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that are brought on by allowing remote hosts to execute scripts. The attacker leverages this capability to execute scripts to execute his/her own script by embedding it within other scripts that the target software is likely to execute. The attacker must have the ability to inject script into script that is likely to be executed. If this is done, then the attacker can potentially launch a variety of probes and attacks against the web server's local environment, in many cases the so-called DMZ, back end resources the web server can communicate with, and other hosts. With the proliferation of intermediaries, such as Web App Firewalls, network devices, and even printers having JVMs and Web servers, there are many locales where an attacker can inject malicious scripts. Since this attack pattern defines scripts within scripts, there are likely privileges to execute said attack on the host. Of course, these attacks are not solely limited to the server side, client side scripts like Ajax and client side JavaScript can contain malicious scripts as well. In general all that is required is for there to be sufficient privileges to execute a script, but not protected against writing.
  • Cross-Site Scripting in Error Pages
    An attacker distributes a link (or possibly some other query structure) with a request to a third party web server that is malformed and also contains a block of exploit code in order to have the exploit become live code in the resulting error page. When the third party web server receives the crafted request and notes the error it then creates an error message that echoes the malformed message, including the exploit. Doing this converts the exploit portion of the message into to valid language elements that are executed by the viewing browser. When a victim executes the query provided by the attacker the infected error message error message is returned including the exploit code which then runs in the victim's browser. XSS can result in execution of code as well as data leakage (e.g. session cookies can be sent to the attacker). This type of attack is especially dangerous since the exploit appears to come from the third party web server, who the victim may trust and hence be more vulnerable to deception.
  • Cross-Site Scripting Using Alternate Syntax
    The attacker uses alternate forms of keywords or commands that result in the same action as the primary form but which may not be caught by filters. For example, many keywords are processed in a case insensitive manner. If the site's web filtering algorithm does not convert all tags into a consistent case before the comparison with forbidden keywords it is possible to bypass filters (e.g., incomplete black lists) by using an alternate case structure. For example, the "script" tag using the alternate forms of "Script" or "ScRiPt" may bypass filters where "script" is the only form tested. Other variants using different syntax representations are also possible as well as using pollution meta-characters or entities that are eventually ignored by the rendering engine. The attack can result in the execution of otherwise prohibited functionality.
  • Cross-Site Scripting Using MIME Type Mismatch
    An attacker creates a file with scripting content but where the specified MIME type of the file is such that scripting is not expected. Some browsers will detect that the specified MIME type of the file does not match the actual type of the content and will automatically switch to using an interpreter for the real content type. If the browser does not invoke script filters before doing this, the attackers' script may run on the target unsanitized. For example, the MIME type text/plain may be used where the actual content is text/javascript or text/html. Since text does not contain scripting instructions, the stated MIME type would indicate that filtering is unnecessary. However, if the target application subsequently determines the file's real type and invokes the appropriate interpreter, scripted content could be invoked. In another example, img tags in HTML content could reference a renderable type file instead of an expected image file. The file extension and MIME type can describe an image file, but the file content can be text/javascript or text/html resulting in script execution. If the browser assumes all references in img tags are images, and therefore do not need to be filtered for scripts, this would bypass content filters. In a cross-site scripting attack, the attacker tricks the victim into accessing a URL that uploads a script file with an incorrectly specified MIME type. If the victim's browser switches to the appropriate interpreter without filtering, the attack will execute as a standard XSS attack, possibly revealing the victim's cookies or executing arbitrary script in their browser.
  • Cross-Site Scripting in Attributes
    The attacker inserts commands to perform cross-site scripting (XSS) actions in HTML attributes. Many filters do not adequately sanitize attributes against the presence of potentially dangerous commands even if they adequately sanitize tags. For example, dangerous expressions could be inserted into a style attribute in an anchor tag, resulting in the execution of malicious code when the resulting page is rendered. If a victim is tricked into viewing the rendered page the attack proceeds like a normal XSS attack, possibly resulting in the loss of sensitive cookies or other malicious activities.
  • Cross-Site Scripting via Encoded URI Schemes
    An attack of this type exploits the ability of most browsers to interpret "data", "javascript" or other URI schemes as client-side executable content placeholders. This attack consists of passing a malicious URI in an anchor tag HREF attribute or any other similar attributes in other HTML tags. Such malicious URI contains, for example, a base64 encoded HTML content with an embedded cross-site scripting payload. The attack is executed when the browser interprets the malicious content i.e., for example, when the victim clicks on the malicious link.
  • Cross-Site Scripting Using Doubled Characters, e.g. %3C%3Cscript
    The attacker bypasses input validation by using doubled characters in order to perform a cross-site scripting attack. Some filters fail to recognize dangerous sequences if they are preceded by repeated characters. For example, by doubling the < before a script command, (<<script or %3C%3script using URI encoding) the filters of some web applications may fail to recognize the presence of a script tag. If the targeted server is vulnerable to this type of bypass, the attacker can create a crafted URL or other trap to cause a victim to view a page on the targeted server where the malicious content is executed, as per a normal XSS attack.
  • Cross-Site Scripting Using Flash
    An attacker injects malicious script to global parameters in a Flash movie via a crafted URL. The malicious script is executed in the context of the Flash movie. As such, this is a form of Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), but the abilities granted to the Flash movie make this attack more flexible.
  • Cross-Site Scripting with Masking through Invalid Characters in Identifiers
    The attacker inserts invalid characters in identifiers to bypass application filtering of input. Filters may not scan beyond invalid characters but during later stages of processing content that follows these invalid characters may still be processed. This allows the attacker to sneak prohibited commands past filters and perform normally prohibited operations. Invalid characters may include null, carriage return, line feed or tab in an identifier. Successful bypassing of the filter can result in a XSS attack, resulting in the disclosure of web cookies or possibly other results.
  • Embedding Scripts in HTTP Query Strings
    A variant of cross-site scripting called "reflected" cross-site scripting, the HTTP Query Strings attack consists of passing a malicious script inside an otherwise valid HTTP request query string. This is of significant concern for sites that rely on dynamic, user-generated content such as bulletin boards, news sites, blogs, and web enabled administration GUIs. The malicious script may steal session data, browse history, probe files, or otherwise execute attacks on the client side. Once the attacker has prepared the malicious HTTP query it is sent to a victim user (perhaps by email, IM, or posted on an online forum), who clicks on a normal looking link that contains a poison query string. This technique can be made more effective through the use of services like http://tinyurl.com/, which makes very small URLs that will redirect to very large, complex ones. The victim will not know what he is really clicking on.
  • Simple Script Injection
    An attacker embeds malicious scripts in content that will be served to web browsers. The goal of the attack is for the target software, the client-side browser, to execute the script with the users' privilege level. An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that are brought on by allowing remote hosts to execute code and scripts. Web browsers, for example, have some simple security controls in place, but if a remote attacker is allowed to execute scripts (through injecting them in to user-generated content like bulletin boards) then these controls may be bypassed. Further, these attacks are very difficult for an end user to detect.
  • AJAX Fingerprinting
    This attack utilizes the frequent client-server roundtrips in Ajax conversation to scan a system. While Ajax does not open up new vulnerabilities per se, it does optimize them from an attacker point of view. In many XSS attacks the attacker must get a "hole in one" and successfully exploit the vulnerability on the victim side the first time, once the client is redirected the attacker has many chances to engage in follow on probes, but there is only one first chance. In a widely used web application this is not a major problem because 1 in a 1,000 is good enough in a widely used application. A common first step for an attacker is to footprint the environment to understand what attacks will work. Since footprinting relies on enumeration, the conversational pattern of rapid, multiple requests and responses that are typical in Ajax applications enable an attacker to look for many vulnerabilities, well-known ports, network locations and so on.
  • Embedding Script (XSS) in HTTP Headers
    An attack of this type exploits web applications that generate web content, such as links in a HTML page, based on unvalidated or improperly validated data submitted by other actors. XSS in HTTP Headers attacks target the HTTP headers which are hidden from most users and may not be validated by web applications.
  • XSS in IMG Tags
    Image tags are an often overlooked, but convenient, means for a Cross Site Scripting attack. The attacker can inject script contents into an image (IMG) tag in order to steal information from a victim's browser and execute malicious scripts.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK HIGH NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
NONE PARTIAL NONE
exploit-db via4
description MySQL 5 Command Line Client HTML Special Characters HTML Injection Vulnerability. CVE-2008-4456. Remote exploit for linux platform
id EDB-ID:32445
last seen 2016-02-03
modified 2008-09-30
published 2008-09-30
reporter Thomas Henlich
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/32445/
title MySQL 5 Command Line Client HTML Special Characters HTML Injection Vulnerability
nessus via4
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-1397-1.NASL
    description Multiple security issues were discovered in MySQL and this update includes new upstream MySQL versions to fix these issues. MySQL has been updated to 5.1.61 in Ubuntu 10.04 LTS, Ubuntu 10.10, Ubuntu 11.04 and Ubuntu 11.10. Ubuntu 8.04 LTS has been updated to MySQL 5.0.95. In addition to security fixes, the updated packages contain bug fixes, new features, and possibly incompatible changes. Please see the following for more information : http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/news-5-1-x.html http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/news-5-0-x.html http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/cpujan2012-366304.ht ml. Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-01
    plugin id 58325
    published 2012-03-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=58325
    title Ubuntu 8.04 LTS / 10.04 LTS / 10.10 / 11.04 / 11.10 : mysql-5.1, mysql-dfsg-5.0, mysql-dfsg-5.1 vulnerabilities (USN-1397-1)
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2009-1289.NASL
    description Updated mysql packages that fix various security issues and several bugs are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5. This update has been rated as having moderate security impact by the Red Hat Security Response Team. MySQL is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It consists of the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) and many client programs and libraries. MySQL did not correctly check directories used as arguments for the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives. Using this flaw, an authenticated attacker could elevate their access privileges to tables created by other database users. Note: This attack does not work on existing tables. An attacker can only elevate their access to another user's tables as the tables are created. As well, the names of these created tables need to be predicted correctly for this attack to succeed. (CVE-2008-2079) A flaw was found in the way MySQL handles an empty bit-string literal. A remote, authenticated attacker could crash the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) if they used an empty bit-string literal in a SQL statement. This issue only caused a temporary denial of service, as the MySQL daemon was automatically restarted after the crash. (CVE-2008-3963) An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logs user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specifically-crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in '/etc/my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. This update also fixes multiple bugs. Details regarding these bugs can be found in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 Technical Notes. You can find a link to the Technical Notes in the References section of this errata. Note: These updated packages upgrade MySQL to version 5.0.77 to incorporate numerous upstream bug fixes. Details of these changes are found in the following MySQL Release Notes: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/news-5-0-77.html All MySQL users are advised to upgrade to these updated packages, which resolve these issues. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-12-20
    plugin id 63890
    published 2013-01-24
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=63890
    title RHEL 5 : mysql (RHSA-2009:1289)
  • NASL family Gentoo Local Security Checks
    NASL id GENTOO_GLSA-201201-02.NASL
    description The remote host is affected by the vulnerability described in GLSA-201201-02 (MySQL: Multiple vulnerabilities) Multiple vulnerabilities have been discovered in MySQL. Please review the CVE identifiers referenced below for details. Impact : An unauthenticated remote attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the MySQL process, cause a Denial of Service condition, bypass security restrictions, uninstall arbitrary MySQL plugins, or conduct Man-in-the-Middle and Cross-Site Scripting attacks. Workaround : There is no known workaround at this time.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-11
    plugin id 57446
    published 2012-01-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=57446
    title GLSA-201201-02 : MySQL: Multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_10_6_3.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.6.x that is prior to 10.6.3. Mac OS X 10.6.3 contains security fixes for the following products : - AFP Server - Apache - CoreAudio - CoreMedia - CoreTypes - CUPS - DesktopServices - Disk Images - Directory Services - Dovecot - Event Monitor - FreeRADIUS - FTP Server - iChat Server - ImageIO - Image RAW - Libsystem - Mail - MySQL - OS Services - Password Server - PHP - Podcast Producer - Preferences - PS Normalizer - QuickTime - Ruby - Server Admin - SMB - Tomcat - Wiki Server - X11
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-16
    plugin id 45372
    published 2010-03-29
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=45372
    title Mac OS X 10.6.x < 10.6.3 Multiple Vulnerabilities
  • NASL family Red Hat Local Security Checks
    NASL id REDHAT-RHSA-2010-0110.NASL
    description Updated mysql packages that fix several security issues are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. This update has been rated as having moderate security impact by the Red Hat Security Response Team. MySQL is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It consists of the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) and many client programs and libraries. Multiple flaws were discovered in the way MySQL handled symbolic links to tables created using the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives in CREATE TABLE statements. An attacker with CREATE and DROP table privileges and shell access to the database server could use these flaws to escalate their database privileges, or gain access to tables created by other database users. (CVE-2008-4098, CVE-2009-4030) Note: Due to the security risks and previous security issues related to the use of the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives, users not depending on this feature should consider disabling it by adding 'symbolic-links=0' to the '[mysqld]' section of the 'my.cnf' configuration file. In this update, an example of such a configuration was added to the default 'my.cnf' file. An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logged user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specially crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in 'my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. All MySQL users are advised to upgrade to these updated packages, which contain backported patches to resolve these issues. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-28
    plugin id 44635
    published 2010-02-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=44635
    title RHEL 4 : mysql (RHSA-2010:0110)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_11_LIBMYSQLCLIENT-DEVEL-090716.NASL
    description - the COM_CREATE_DB and COM_DROP_DB suffered from format string vulnerabilities. (CVE-2009-2446) - the command line client was prone to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks (CVE-2008-4456)
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-21
    plugin id 41421
    published 2009-09-24
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=41421
    title SuSE 11 Security Update : MySQL (SAT Patch Number 1114)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_11_0_LIBMYSQLCLIENT-DEVEL-090716.NASL
    description - the COM_CREATE_DB and COM_DROP_DB suffered from format string vulnerabilities (CVE-2009-2446) - the command line client was prone to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks (CVE-2008-4456) - fix slave reconnect
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-21
    plugin id 40784
    published 2009-08-27
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=40784
    title openSUSE Security Update : libmysqlclient-devel (libmysqlclient-devel-1116)
  • NASL family Debian Local Security Checks
    NASL id DEBIAN_DSA-1783.NASL
    description Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified affecting MySQL, a relational database server, and its associated interactive client application. The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project identifies the following two problems : - CVE-2008-3963 Kay Roepke reported that the MySQL server would not properly handle an empty bit-string literal in a SQL statement, allowing an authenticated remote attacker to cause a denial of service (a crash) in mysqld. This issue affects the oldstable distribution (etch), but not the stable distribution (lenny). - CVE-2008-4456 Thomas Henlich reported that the MySQL commandline client application did not encode HTML special characters when run in HTML output mode (that is, 'mysql --html ...'). This could potentially lead to cross-site scripting or unintended script privilege escalation if the resulting output is viewed in a browser or incorporated into a website.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 38642
    published 2009-04-30
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=38642
    title Debian DSA-1783-1 : mysql-dfsg-5.0 - multiple vulnerabilities
  • NASL family FreeBSD Local Security Checks
    NASL id FREEBSD_PKG_4775C8078F3011DD821F001CC0377035.NASL
    description Thomas Henlich reports : The mysql command-line client does not quote HTML special characters like < in its output. This allows an attacker who is able to write data into a table to hide or modify records in the output, and to inject potentially dangerous code, e. g. JavaScript to perform cross-site scripting or cross-site request forgery attacks.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 34390
    published 2008-10-13
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=34390
    title FreeBSD : mysql -- command line client input validation vulnerability (4775c807-8f30-11dd-821f-001cc0377035)
  • NASL family Ubuntu Local Security Checks
    NASL id UBUNTU_USN-897-1.NASL
    description It was discovered that MySQL could be made to overwrite existing table files in the data directory. An authenticated user could use the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY options to possibly bypass privilege checks. This update alters table creation behaviour by disallowing the use of the MySQL data directory in DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY options. This issue only affected Ubuntu 8.10. (CVE-2008-4098) It was discovered that MySQL contained a cross-site scripting vulnerability in the command-line client when the --html option is enabled. An attacker could place arbitrary web script or html in a database cell, which would then get placed in the html document output by the command-line tool. This issue only affected Ubuntu 6.06 LTS, 8.04 LTS, 8.10 and 9.04. (CVE-2008-4456) It was discovered that MySQL could be made to overwrite existing table files in the data directory. An authenticated user could use symlinks combined with the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY options to possibly bypass privilege checks. This issue only affected Ubuntu 9.10. (CVE-2008-7247) It was discovered that MySQL contained multiple format string flaws when logging database creation and deletion. An authenticated user could use specially crafted database names to make MySQL crash, causing a denial of service. This issue only affected Ubuntu 6.06 LTS, 8.04 LTS, 8.10 and 9.04. (CVE-2009-2446) It was discovered that MySQL incorrectly handled errors when performing certain SELECT statements, and did not preserve correct flags when performing statements that use the GeomFromWKB function. An authenticated user could exploit this to make MySQL crash, causing a denial of service. (CVE-2009-4019) It was discovered that MySQL incorrectly checked symlinks when using the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY options. A local user could use symlinks to create tables that pointed to tables known to be created at a later time, bypassing access restrictions. (CVE-2009-4030) It was discovered that MySQL contained a buffer overflow when parsing ssl certificates. A remote attacker could send crafted requests and cause a denial of service or possibly execute arbitrary code. This issue did not affect Ubuntu 6.06 LTS and the default compiler options for affected releases should reduce the vulnerability to a denial of service. In the default installation, attackers would also be isolated by the AppArmor MySQL profile. (CVE-2009-4484). Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the Ubuntu security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-28
    plugin id 44585
    published 2010-02-11
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=44585
    title Ubuntu 6.06 LTS / 8.04 LTS / 8.10 / 9.04 / 9.10 : mysql-dfsg-5.0, mysql-dfsg-5.1 vulnerabilities (USN-897-1)
  • NASL family Scientific Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id SL_20090902_MYSQL_ON_SL5_X.NASL
    description CVE-2008-2079 mysql: privilege escalation via DATA/INDEX DIRECTORY directives CVE-2008-3963 MySQL: Using an empty binary value leads to server crash CVE-2008-4456 mysql: mysql command line client XSS flaw CVE-2008-3963 MySQL: Using an empty binary value leads to server crash CVE-2009-2446 MySQL: Format string vulnerability by manipulation with database instances (crash) MySQL did not correctly check directories used as arguments for the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives. Using this flaw, an authenticated attacker could elevate their access privileges to tables created by other database users. Note: This attack does not work on existing tables. An attacker can only elevate their access to another user's tables as the tables are created. As well, the names of these created tables need to be predicted correctly for this attack to succeed. (CVE-2008-2079) A flaw was found in the way MySQL handles an empty bit-string literal. A remote, authenticated attacker could crash the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) if they used an empty bit-string literal in a SQL statement. This issue only caused a temporary denial of service, as the MySQL daemon was automatically restarted after the crash. (CVE-2008-3963) An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logs user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specifically-crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in '/etc/my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-02
    plugin id 60655
    published 2012-08-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=60655
    title Scientific Linux Security Update : mysql on SL5.x i386/x86_64
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_11_1_LIBMYSQLCLIENT-DEVEL-090716.NASL
    description - the COM_CREATE_DB and COM_DROP_DB suffered from format string vulnerabilities (CVE-2009-2446) - the command line client was prone to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks (CVE-2008-4456) - fix slave reconnect
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-21
    plugin id 40790
    published 2009-08-27
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=40790
    title openSUSE Security Update : libmysqlclient-devel (libmysqlclient-devel-1116)
  • NASL family Oracle Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id ORACLELINUX_ELSA-2010-0110.NASL
    description From Red Hat Security Advisory 2010:0110 : Updated mysql packages that fix several security issues are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. This update has been rated as having moderate security impact by the Red Hat Security Response Team. MySQL is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It consists of the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) and many client programs and libraries. Multiple flaws were discovered in the way MySQL handled symbolic links to tables created using the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives in CREATE TABLE statements. An attacker with CREATE and DROP table privileges and shell access to the database server could use these flaws to escalate their database privileges, or gain access to tables created by other database users. (CVE-2008-4098, CVE-2009-4030) Note: Due to the security risks and previous security issues related to the use of the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives, users not depending on this feature should consider disabling it by adding 'symbolic-links=0' to the '[mysqld]' section of the 'my.cnf' configuration file. In this update, an example of such a configuration was added to the default 'my.cnf' file. An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logged user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specially crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in 'my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. All MySQL users are advised to upgrade to these updated packages, which contain backported patches to resolve these issues. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-07
    plugin id 67998
    published 2013-07-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=67998
    title Oracle Linux 4 : mysql (ELSA-2010-0110)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_LIBMYSQLCLIENT-DEVEL-6360.NASL
    description - the COM_CREATE_DB and COM_DROP_DB suffered from format string vulnerabilities (CVE-2009-2446) - the command line client was prone to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks (CVE-2008-4456) - fix slave reconnect
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-22
    plugin id 42015
    published 2009-10-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=42015
    title openSUSE 10 Security Update : libmysqlclient-devel (libmysqlclient-devel-6360)
  • NASL family CentOS Local Security Checks
    NASL id CENTOS_RHSA-2009-1289.NASL
    description Updated mysql packages that fix various security issues and several bugs are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5. This update has been rated as having moderate security impact by the Red Hat Security Response Team. MySQL is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It consists of the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) and many client programs and libraries. MySQL did not correctly check directories used as arguments for the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives. Using this flaw, an authenticated attacker could elevate their access privileges to tables created by other database users. Note: This attack does not work on existing tables. An attacker can only elevate their access to another user's tables as the tables are created. As well, the names of these created tables need to be predicted correctly for this attack to succeed. (CVE-2008-2079) A flaw was found in the way MySQL handles an empty bit-string literal. A remote, authenticated attacker could crash the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) if they used an empty bit-string literal in a SQL statement. This issue only caused a temporary denial of service, as the MySQL daemon was automatically restarted after the crash. (CVE-2008-3963) An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logs user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specifically-crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in '/etc/my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. This update also fixes multiple bugs. Details regarding these bugs can be found in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 Technical Notes. You can find a link to the Technical Notes in the References section of this errata. Note: These updated packages upgrade MySQL to version 5.0.77 to incorporate numerous upstream bug fixes. Details of these changes are found in the following MySQL Release Notes: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/news-5-0-77.html All MySQL users are advised to upgrade to these updated packages, which resolve these issues. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 43782
    published 2010-01-06
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=43782
    title CentOS 5 : mysql (CESA-2009:1289)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE9_12456.NASL
    description This update is provided as RPM packages that can easily be installed onto a running system by using the YaST online update module. - the COM_CREATE_DB and COM_DROP_DB suffered from format string vulnerabilities. (CVE-2009-2446) - the command line client was prone to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks. (CVE-2008-4456) Additionally a problem that sometimes prevented slave hosts from reconnecting to the master server has been fixed.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-21
    plugin id 41313
    published 2009-09-24
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=41313
    title SuSE9 Security Update : MySQL (YOU Patch Number 12456)
  • NASL family Databases
    NASL id MYSQL_6_0_14_XSS.NASL
    description The version of MySQL installed on the remote host is earlier than 5.0.89 / 5.1.42 / 5.4.2 / 5.5.1 / 6.0.14 and thus does not properly encode angle brackets when 'mysql --html' option is used. Depending on how the output of the mysql client command is processed, the user may be vulnerable to cross-site scripting attacks.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-15
    plugin id 17811
    published 2012-01-16
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=17811
    title MySQL < 5.0.89 / 5.1.42 / 5.4.2 / 5.5.1 / 6.0.14 Client XSS
  • NASL family Mandriva Local Security Checks
    NASL id MANDRIVA_MDVSA-2009-326.NASL
    description Multiple vulnerabilities has been found and corrected in mysql : MySQL 5.0 before 5.0.66, 5.1 before 5.1.26, and 6.0 before 6.0.6 does not properly handle a b'' (b single-quote single-quote) token, aka an empty bit-string literal, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) by using this token in a SQL statement (CVE-2008-3963). MySQL before 5.0.67 allows local users to bypass certain privilege checks by calling CREATE TABLE on a MyISAM table with modified (1) DATA DIRECTORY or (2) INDEX DIRECTORY arguments that are originally associated with pathnames without symlinks, and that can point to tables created at a future time at which a pathname is modified to contain a symlink to a subdirectory of the MySQL home data directory. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2008-4097 (CVE-2008-4098). Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the command-line client in MySQL 5.0.26 through 5.0.45, when the --html option is enabled, allows attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML by placing it in a database cell, which might be accessed by this client when composing an HTML document (CVE-2008-4456). Multiple format string vulnerabilities in the dispatch_command function in libmysqld/sql_parse.cc in mysqld in MySQL 4.0.0 through 5.0.83 allow remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) and possibly have unspecified other impact via format string specifiers in a database name in a (1) COM_CREATE_DB or (2) COM_DROP_DB request. NOTE: some of these details are obtained from third-party information (CVE-2009-2446). Packages for 2008.0 are provided for Corporate Desktop 2008.0 customers This update provides fixes for this vulnerability.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-19
    plugin id 43045
    published 2009-12-08
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=43045
    title Mandriva Linux Security Advisory : mysql (MDVSA-2009:326)
  • NASL family Mandriva Local Security Checks
    NASL id MANDRIVA_MDVSA-2009-094.NASL
    description Multiple vulnerabilities has been found and corrected in mysql : MySQL 5.0 before 5.0.66, 5.1 before 5.1.26, and 6.0 before 6.0.6 does not properly handle a b'' (b single-quote single-quote) token, aka an empty bit-string literal, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) by using this token in a SQL statement (CVE-2008-3963). MySQL 5.0.51a allows local users to bypass certain privilege checks by calling CREATE TABLE on a MyISAM table with modified (1) DATA DIRECTORY or (2) INDEX DIRECTORY arguments that are associated with symlinks within pathnames for subdirectories of the MySQL home data directory, which are followed when tables are created in the future. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2008-2079 (CVE-2008-4097). MySQL before 5.0.67 allows local users to bypass certain privilege checks by calling CREATE TABLE on a MyISAM table with modified (1) DATA DIRECTORY or (2) INDEX DIRECTORY arguments that are originally associated with pathnames without symlinks, and that can point to tables created at a future time at which a pathname is modified to contain a symlink to a subdirectory of the MySQL home data directory. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2008-4097 (CVE-2008-4098). Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the command-line client in MySQL 5.0.26 through 5.0.45, when the --html option is enabled, allows attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML by placing it in a database cell, which might be accessed by this client when composing an HTML document (CVE-2008-4456). bugs in the Mandriva Linux 2008.1 packages that has been fixed : o upstream fix for mysql bug35754 (#38398, #44691) o fix #46116 (initialization file mysqld-max don't show correct application status) o fix upstream bug 42366 bugs in the Mandriva Linux 2009.0 packages that has been fixed : o upgraded 5.0.67 to 5.0.77 (fixes CVE-2008-3963, CVE-2008-4097, CVE-2008-4098) o no need to workaround #38398, #44691 anymore (since 5.0.75) o fix upstream bug 42366 o fix #46116 (initialization file mysqld-max don't show correct application status) o sphinx-0.9.8.1 bugs in the Mandriva Linux Corporate Server 4 packages that has been fixed: o fix upstream bug 42366 o fix #46116 (initialization file mysqld-max don't show correct application status) The updated packages have been patched to correct these issues.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-19
    plugin id 36943
    published 2009-04-23
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=36943
    title Mandriva Linux Security Advisory : mysql (MDVSA-2009:094)
  • NASL family SuSE Local Security Checks
    NASL id SUSE_MYSQL-6446.NASL
    description - the COM_CREATE_DB and COM_DROP_DB suffered from format string vulnerabilities. (CVE-2009-2446) - the command line client was prone to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks. (CVE-2008-4456) Additionally a problem that sometimes prevented slave hosts from reconnecting to the master server has been fixed.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2016-12-22
    plugin id 41560
    published 2009-09-24
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=41560
    title SuSE 10 Security Update : MySQL (ZYPP Patch Number 6446)
  • NASL family Scientific Linux Local Security Checks
    NASL id SL_20100216_MYSQL_ON_SL4_X.NASL
    description CVE-2008-4098 mysql: incomplete upstream fix for CVE-2008-2079 CVE-2008-4456 mysql: mysql command line client XSS flaw CVE-2009-2446 MySQL: Format string vulnerability by manipulation with database instances (crash) CVE-2009-4030 mysql: Incomplete fix for CVE-2008-2079 / CVE-2008-4098 Multiple flaws were discovered in the way MySQL handled symbolic links to tables created using the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives in CREATE TABLE statements. An attacker with CREATE and DROP table privileges and shell access to the database server could use these flaws to escalate their database privileges, or gain access to tables created by other database users. (CVE-2008-4098, CVE-2009-4030) Note: Due to the security risks and previous security issues related to the use of the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives, users not depending on this feature should consider disabling it by adding 'symbolic-links=0' to the '[mysqld]' section of the 'my.cnf' configuration file. In this update, an example of such a configuration was added to the default 'my.cnf' file. An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logged user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specially crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in 'my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2019-01-02
    plugin id 60735
    published 2012-08-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=60735
    title Scientific Linux Security Update : mysql on SL4.x i386/x86_64
  • NASL family CentOS Local Security Checks
    NASL id CENTOS_RHSA-2010-0110.NASL
    description Updated mysql packages that fix several security issues are now available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. This update has been rated as having moderate security impact by the Red Hat Security Response Team. MySQL is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It consists of the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) and many client programs and libraries. Multiple flaws were discovered in the way MySQL handled symbolic links to tables created using the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives in CREATE TABLE statements. An attacker with CREATE and DROP table privileges and shell access to the database server could use these flaws to escalate their database privileges, or gain access to tables created by other database users. (CVE-2008-4098, CVE-2009-4030) Note: Due to the security risks and previous security issues related to the use of the DATA DIRECTORY and INDEX DIRECTORY directives, users not depending on this feature should consider disabling it by adding 'symbolic-links=0' to the '[mysqld]' section of the 'my.cnf' configuration file. In this update, an example of such a configuration was added to the default 'my.cnf' file. An insufficient HTML entities quoting flaw was found in the mysql command line client's HTML output mode. If an attacker was able to inject arbitrary HTML tags into data stored in a MySQL database, which was later retrieved using the mysql command line client and its HTML output mode, they could perform a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against victims viewing the HTML output in a web browser. (CVE-2008-4456) Multiple format string flaws were found in the way the MySQL server logged user commands when creating and deleting databases. A remote, authenticated attacker with permissions to CREATE and DROP databases could use these flaws to formulate a specially crafted SQL command that would cause a temporary denial of service (open connections to mysqld are terminated). (CVE-2009-2446) Note: To exploit the CVE-2009-2446 flaws, the general query log (the mysqld '--log' command line option or the 'log' option in 'my.cnf') must be enabled. This logging is not enabled by default. All MySQL users are advised to upgrade to these updated packages, which contain backported patches to resolve these issues. After installing this update, the MySQL server daemon (mysqld) will be restarted automatically.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-11-10
    plugin id 44647
    published 2010-02-18
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=44647
    title CentOS 4 : mysql (CESA-2010:0110)
oval via4
accepted 2013-04-29T04:14:11.217-04:00
class vulnerability
contributors
  • name Aharon Chernin
    organization SCAP.com, LLC
  • name Dragos Prisaca
    organization G2, Inc.
definition_extensions
  • comment The operating system installed on the system is Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:11831
  • comment CentOS Linux 4.x
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:16636
  • comment Oracle Linux 4.x
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15990
  • comment The operating system installed on the system is Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:11414
  • comment The operating system installed on the system is CentOS Linux 5.x
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15802
  • comment Oracle Linux 5.x
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:15459
description Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the command-line client in MySQL 5.0.26 through 5.0.45, and other versions including versions later than 5.0.45, when the --html option is enabled, allows attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML by placing it in a database cell, which might be accessed by this client when composing an HTML document. NOTE: as of 20081031, the issue has not been fixed in MySQL 5.0.67.
family unix
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:11456
status accepted
submitted 2010-07-09T03:56:16-04:00
title Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the command-line client in MySQL 5.0.26 through 5.0.45, and other versions including versions later than 5.0.45, when the --html option is enabled, allows attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML by placing it in a database cell, which might be accessed by this client when composing an HTML document. NOTE: as of 20081031, the issue has not been fixed in MySQL 5.0.67.
version 24
redhat via4
advisories
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2009:1289
  • rhsa
    id RHSA-2010:0110
rpms
  • mysql-0:5.0.77-3.el5
  • mysql-bench-0:5.0.77-3.el5
  • mysql-devel-0:5.0.77-3.el5
  • mysql-server-0:5.0.77-3.el5
  • mysql-test-0:5.0.77-3.el5
  • mysql-0:4.1.22-2.el4_8.3
  • mysql-bench-0:4.1.22-2.el4_8.3
  • mysql-devel-0:4.1.22-2.el4_8.3
  • mysql-server-0:4.1.22-2.el4_8.3
refmap via4
apple APPLE-SA-2010-03-29-1
bid 31486
bugtraq
  • 20080930 MySQL command-line client HTML injection vulnerability
  • 20080930 RE: MySQL command-line client HTML injection vulnerability
  • 20081004 RE: RE: MySQL command-line client HTML injection vulnerability
  • 20081008 Re: MySQL command-line client HTML injection vulnerability
  • 20081029 Re: MySQL command-line client HTML injection vulnerability
confirm
debian DSA-1783
mandriva MDVSA-2009:094
misc http://www.henlich.de/it-security/mysql-command-line-client-html-injection-vulnerability
secunia
  • 32072
  • 34907
  • 36566
  • 38517
sreason 4357
ubuntu
  • USN-1397-1
  • USN-897-1
xf mysql-commandline-xss(45590)
statements via4
contributor Tomas Hoger
lastmodified 2010-02-17
organization Red Hat
statement Red Hat is aware of this issue and is tracking it via the following bug: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=CVE-2008-4456 This issue was addressed for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 by https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2009-1289.html and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 by https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2010-0110.html . The Red Hat Security Response Team has rated this issue as having low security impact, future MySQL package updates may address this flaw for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3, and Red Hat Application Stack 2.
Last major update 22-01-2013 - 23:03
Published 06-10-2008 - 19:25
Last modified 11-10-2018 - 16:51
Back to Top