ID CVE-2008-4131
Summary Multiple unspecified vulnerabilities in Sun Solaris 8 through 10 allow local users to gain privileges via vectors related to handling of tags with (1) the -t option and (2) the :tag command in the (a) vi, (b) ex, (c) vedit, (d) view, and (e) edit programs.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:8:-:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:8:-:x86
  • cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:8:-:sparc
    cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:8:-:sparc
  • cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:9:-:sparc
    cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:9:-:sparc
  • cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:9:-:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:9:-:x86
  • cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:10:-:x86
    cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:10:-:x86
  • cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:10:-:sparc
    cpe:2.3:o:sun:solaris:10:-:sparc
CVSS
Base: 7.2 (as of 22-09-2008 - 10:52)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-264
CAPEC
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Blue Boxing
    This type of attack against older telephone switches and trunks has been around for decades. A tone is sent by an adversary to impersonate a supervisor signal which has the effect of rerouting or usurping command of the line. While the US infrastructure proper may not contain widespread vulnerabilities to this type of attack, many companies are connected globally through call centers and business process outsourcing. These international systems may be operated in countries which have not upgraded Telco infrastructure and so are vulnerable to Blue boxing. Blue boxing is a result of failure on the part of the system to enforce strong authorization for administrative functions. While the infrastructure is different than standard current applications like web applications, there are historical lessons to be learned to upgrade the access control for administrative functions.
  • Restful Privilege Elevation
    Rest uses standard HTTP (Get, Put, Delete) style permissions methods, but these are not necessarily correlated generally with back end programs. Strict interpretation of HTTP get methods means that these HTTP Get services should not be used to delete information on the server, but there is no access control mechanism to back up this logic. This means that unless the services are properly ACL'd and the application's service implementation are following these guidelines then an HTTP request can easily execute a delete or update on the server side. The attacker identifies a HTTP Get URL such as http://victimsite/updateOrder, which calls out to a program to update orders on a database or other resource. The URL is not idempotent so the request can be submitted multiple times by the attacker, additionally, the attacker may be able to exploit the URL published as a Get method that actually performs updates (instead of merely retrieving data). This may result in malicious or inadvertent altering of data on the server.
  • Target Programs with Elevated Privileges
    This attack targets programs running with elevated privileges. The attacker would try to leverage a bug in the running program and get arbitrary code to execute with elevated privileges. For instance an attacker would look for programs that write to the system directories or registry keys (such as HKLM, which stores a number of critical Windows environment variables). These programs are typically running with elevated privileges and have usually not been designed with security in mind. Such programs are excellent exploit targets because they yield lots of power when they break. The malicious user try to execute its code at the same level as a privileged system call.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
LOCAL LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
exploit-db via4
description Sun Solaris 9/10 Text Editors Command Execution Vulnerability. CVE-2008-4131. Remote exploit for solaris platform
id EDB-ID:32393
last seen 2016-02-03
modified 2008-09-17
published 2008-09-17
reporter Eli the Bearded
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/32393/
title Sun Solaris 9/10 Text Editors - Command Execution Vulnerability
nessus via4
  • NASL family Solaris Local Security Checks
    NASL id SOLARIS8_110903.NASL
    description SunOS 5.8: edit, ex, vedit, vi and view patch. Date this patch was last updated by Sun : Sep/16/08
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2014-08-30
    plugin id 13356
    published 2004-07-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=13356
    title Solaris 8 (sparc) : 110903-08
  • NASL family Solaris Local Security Checks
    NASL id SOLARIS9_113031.NASL
    description SunOS 5.9: edit, ex, vedit, vi and view patch. Date this patch was last updated by Sun : Sep/16/08
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2014-08-30
    plugin id 34230
    published 2008-09-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=34230
    title Solaris 9 (sparc) : 113031-04
  • NASL family Solaris Local Security Checks
    NASL id SOLARIS9_X86_116479.NASL
    description SunOS 5.9_x86: edit, ex, vedit, vi and view patch. Date this patch was last updated by Sun : Sep/16/08
    last seen 2018-09-01
    modified 2014-08-30
    plugin id 34231
    published 2008-09-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=34231
    title Solaris 9 (x86) : 116479-02
  • NASL family Solaris Local Security Checks
    NASL id SOLARIS8_X86_110904.NASL
    description SunOS 5.8_x86: edit, ex, vedit, vi and view patch. Date this patch was last updated by Sun : Sep/16/08
    last seen 2018-09-02
    modified 2014-08-30
    plugin id 13460
    published 2004-07-12
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=13460
    title Solaris 8 (x86) : 110904-08
  • NASL family Solaris Local Security Checks
    NASL id SOLARIS10_X86_120831.NASL
    description SunOS 5.10_x86: vi and ex patch. Date this patch was last updated by Sun : May/15/08 This plugin has been deprecated and either replaced with individual 120831 patch-revision plugins, or deemed non-security related.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-30
    plugin id 32366
    published 2008-05-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=32366
    title Solaris 10 (x86) : 120831-06 (deprecated)
  • NASL family Solaris Local Security Checks
    NASL id SOLARIS10_120830.NASL
    description SunOS 5.10: vi and ex patch. Date this patch was last updated by Sun : May/15/08 This plugin has been deprecated and either replaced with individual 120830 patch-revision plugins, or deemed non-security related.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-30
    plugin id 32361
    published 2008-05-17
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=32361
    title Solaris 10 (sparc) : 120830-06 (deprecated)
oval via4
accepted 2008-11-10T04:00:06.583-05:00
class vulnerability
contributors
name Todd Dolinsky
organization Hewlett-Packard
definition_extensions
  • comment Solaris 8 (SPARC) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1539
  • comment Solaris 9 (SPARC) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1457
  • comment Solaris 10 (SPARC) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1440
  • comment Solaris 8 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:2059
  • comment Solaris 9 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1683
  • comment Solaris 10 (x86) is installed
    oval oval:org.mitre.oval:def:1926
description Multiple unspecified vulnerabilities in Sun Solaris 8 through 10 allow local users to gain privileges via vectors related to handling of tags with (1) the -t option and (2) the :tag command in the (a) vi, (b) ex, (c) vedit, (d) view, and (e) edit programs.
family unix
id oval:org.mitre.oval:def:5884
status accepted
submitted 2008-09-24T10:35:21.000-04:00
title Manipulated Tag Files used with Solaris Text Editors May Lead to Execution of Arbitrary Code
version 31
refmap via4
bid 31229
confirm http://support.avaya.com/elmodocs2/security/ASA-2008-387.htm
sectrack 1020898
secunia
  • 31895
  • 31907
sunalert 237987
vupen ADV-2008-2614
xf solaris-tagfiles-code-execution(45218)
Last major update 07-03-2011 - 22:11
Published 19-09-2008 - 13:15
Last modified 28-09-2017 - 21:32
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