ID CVE-2008-2311
Summary Launch Services in Apple Mac OS X before 10.5, when Open Safe Files is enabled, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a symlink attack, probably related to a race condition and automatic execution of a downloaded file.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.1
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.10
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.10
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.11
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.11
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.2
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.2
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.3
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.4
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.4
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.5
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.5
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.6
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.6
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.7
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.7
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.8
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.8
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.4.9
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.4.9
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.5
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.5
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.5.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.5.1
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.5.2
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.5.2
  • Apple Mac OS X 10.5.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x:10.5.3
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.1
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.10
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.10
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.11
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.11
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.2
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.2
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.3
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.4
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.4
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.5
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.5
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.6
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.6
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.7
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.7
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.8
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.8
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.4.9
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.4.9
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.5
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.5
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.5.1
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.5.1
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.5.2
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.5.2
  • Apple Mac OS X Server 10.5.3
    cpe:2.3:o:apple:mac_os_x_server:10.5.3
CVSS
Base: 7.6 (as of 02-07-2008 - 08:22)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-59
CAPEC
  • Symlink Attack
    An attacker positions a symbolic link in such a manner that the targeted user or application accesses the link's endpoint, assuming that it is accessing a file with the link's name. The endpoint file may be either output or input. If the file is output, the result is that the endpoint is modified, instead of a file at the intended location. Modifications to the endpoint file may include appending, overwriting, corrupting, changing permissions, or other modifications. In some variants of this attack the attacker may be able to control the change to a file while in other cases they cannot. The former is especially damaging since the attacker may be able to grant themselves increased privileges or insert false information, but the latter can also be damaging as it can expose sensitive information or corrupt or destroy vital system or application files. Alternatively, the endpoint file may serve as input to the targeted application. This can be used to feed malformed input into the target or to cause the target to process different information, possibly allowing the attacker to control the actions of the target or to cause the target to expose information to the attacker. Moreover, the actions taken on the endpoint file are undertaken with the permissions of the targeted user or application, which may exceed the permissions that the attacker would normally have.
  • Accessing, Modifying or Executing Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's configuration that allows an attacker to either directly access an executable file, for example through shell access; or in a possible worst case allows an attacker to upload a file and then execute it. Web servers, ftp servers, and message oriented middleware systems which have many integration points are particularly vulnerable, because both the programmers and the administrators must be in synch regarding the interfaces and the correct privileges for each interface.
  • Leverage Executable Code in Non-Executable Files
    An attack of this type exploits a system's trust in configuration and resource files, when the executable loads the resource (such as an image file or configuration file) the attacker has modified the file to either execute malicious code directly or manipulate the target process (e.g. application server) to execute based on the malicious configuration parameters. Since systems are increasingly interrelated mashing up resources from local and remote sources the possibility of this attack occurring is high. The attack can be directed at a client system, such as causing buffer overrun through loading seemingly benign image files, as in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS04-028 where specially crafted JPEG files could cause a buffer overrun once loaded into the browser. Another example targets clients reading pdf files. In this case the attacker simply appends javascript to the end of a legitimate url for a pdf (http://www.gnucitizen.org/blog/danger-danger-danger/) http://path/to/pdf/file.pdf#whatever_name_you_want=javascript:your_code_here The client assumes that they are reading a pdf, but the attacker has modified the resource and loaded executable javascript into the client's browser process. The attack can also target server processes. The attacker edits the resource or configuration file, for example a web.xml file used to configure security permissions for a J2EE app server, adding role name "public" grants all users with the public role the ability to use the administration functionality. The server trusts its configuration file to be correct, but when they are manipulated, the attacker gains full control.
  • Manipulating Input to File System Calls
    An attacker manipulates inputs to the target software which the target software passes to file system calls in the OS. The goal is to gain access to, and perhaps modify, areas of the file system that the target software did not intend to be accessible.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK HIGH NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
COMPLETE COMPLETE COMPLETE
nessus via4
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_SECUPD2008-004.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.4 that does not have the security update 2008-004 applied. This update contains security fixes for a number of programs.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 33282
    published 2008-07-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=33282
    title Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities (Security Update 2008-004)
  • NASL family MacOS X Local Security Checks
    NASL id MACOSX_10_5_4.NASL
    description The remote host is running a version of Mac OS X 10.5.x that is prior to 10.5.4. Mac OS X 10.5.4 contains security fixes for multiple components.
    last seen 2019-02-21
    modified 2018-07-14
    plugin id 33281
    published 2008-07-01
    reporter Tenable
    source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=33281
    title Mac OS X 10.5.x < 10.5.4 Multiple Vulnerabilities
refmap via4
apple APPLE-SA-2008-06-30
bid 30018
confirm http://support.apple.com/kb/HT2163
sectrack 1020393
secunia 30802
vupen ADV-2008-1981
xf macos-launchservices-code-execution(43495)
Last major update 07-03-2011 - 22:08
Published 01-07-2008 - 14:41
Last modified 07-08-2017 - 21:30
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