ID CVE-2002-0419
Summary Information leaks in IIS 4 through 5.1 allow remote attackers to obtain potentially sensitive information or more easily conduct brute force attacks via responses from the server in which (2) in certain configurations, the server IP address is provided as the realm for Basic authentication, which could reveal real IP addresses that were obscured by NAT, or (3) when NTLM authentication is used, the NetBIOS name of the server and its Windows NT domain are revealed in response to an Authorization request. NOTE: this entry originally contained a vector (1) in which the server reveals whether it supports Basic or NTLM authentication through 401 Access Denied error messages. CVE has REJECTED this vector; it is not a vulnerability because the information is already available through legitimate use, since authentication cannot proceed without specifying a scheme that is supported by both the client and the server.
References
Vulnerable Configurations
  • Microsoft IIS 4.0
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_information_server:4.0
  • Microsoft Internet Information Server 4.0 Alpha
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_information_server:4.0:alpha
  • Microsoft IIS 5.1
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_information_server:5.1
  • Microsoft IIS 5.0
    cpe:2.3:a:microsoft:internet_information_services:5.0
CVSS
Base: 5.0 (as of 01-01-2004 - 00:00)
Impact:
Exploitability:
CWE CWE-200
CAPEC
  • Subverting Environment Variable Values
    The attacker directly or indirectly modifies environment variables used by or controlling the target software. The attacker's goal is to cause the target software to deviate from its expected operation in a manner that benefits the attacker.
  • Footprinting
    An attacker engages in probing and exploration activity to identify constituents and properties of the target. Footprinting is a general term to describe a variety of information gathering techniques, often used by attackers in preparation for some attack. It consists of using tools to learn as much as possible about the composition, configuration, and security mechanisms of the targeted application, system or network. Information that might be collected during a footprinting effort could include open ports, applications and their versions, network topology, and similar information. While footprinting is not intended to be damaging (although certain activities, such as network scans, can sometimes cause disruptions to vulnerable applications inadvertently) it may often pave the way for more damaging attacks.
  • Exploiting Trust in Client (aka Make the Client Invisible)
    An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities in client/server communication channel authentication and data integrity. It leverages the implicit trust a server places in the client, or more importantly, that which the server believes is the client. An attacker executes this type of attack by placing themselves in the communication channel between client and server such that communication directly to the server is possible where the server believes it is communicating only with a valid client. There are numerous variations of this type of attack.
  • Browser Fingerprinting
    An attacker carefully crafts small snippets of Java Script to efficiently detect the type of browser the potential victim is using. Many web-based attacks need prior knowledge of the web browser including the version of browser to ensure successful exploitation of a vulnerability. Having this knowledge allows an attacker to target the victim with attacks that specifically exploit known or zero day weaknesses in the type and version of the browser used by the victim. Automating this process via Java Script as a part of the same delivery system used to exploit the browser is considered more efficient as the attacker can supply a browser fingerprinting method and integrate it with exploit code, all contained in Java Script and in response to the same web page request by the browser.
  • Session Credential Falsification through Prediction
    This attack targets predictable session ID in order to gain privileges. The attacker can predict the session ID used during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking.
  • Reusing Session IDs (aka Session Replay)
    This attack targets the reuse of valid session ID to spoof the target system in order to gain privileges. The attacker tries to reuse a stolen session ID used previously during a transaction to perform spoofing and session hijacking. Another name for this type of attack is Session Replay.
  • Using Slashes in Alternate Encoding
    This attack targets the encoding of the Slash characters. An attacker would try to exploit common filtering problems related to the use of the slashes characters to gain access to resources on the target host. Directory-driven systems, such as file systems and databases, typically use the slash character to indicate traversal between directories or other container components. For murky historical reasons, PCs (and, as a result, Microsoft OSs) choose to use a backslash, whereas the UNIX world typically makes use of the forward slash. The schizophrenic result is that many MS-based systems are required to understand both forms of the slash. This gives the attacker many opportunities to discover and abuse a number of common filtering problems. The goal of this pattern is to discover server software that only applies filters to one version, but not the other.
Access
VectorComplexityAuthentication
NETWORK LOW NONE
Impact
ConfidentialityIntegrityAvailability
PARTIAL NONE NONE
exploit-db via4
description Microsoft IIS 4.0/5.0/5.1 Authentication Method Disclosure Vulnerability. CVE-2002-0419 . Remote exploit for windows platform
id EDB-ID:21313
last seen 2016-02-02
modified 2002-03-05
published 2002-03-05
reporter David Litchfield
source https://www.exploit-db.com/download/21313/
title Microsoft IIS 4.0/5.0/5.1 - Authentication Method Disclosure Vulnerability
nessus via4
NASL family Web Servers
NASL id IIS_AUTH_SCHEME.NASL
description The remote host appears to be running a version of IIS which allows remote users to determine which authentication schemes are required for confidential web pages. That is, by requesting valid web pages with purposely invalid credentials, you can ascertain whether or not the authentication scheme is in use. This can be used for brute-force attacks against known USerIDs.
last seen 2019-02-21
modified 2018-11-15
plugin id 11871
published 2003-10-08
reporter Tenable
source https://www.tenable.com/plugins/index.php?view=single&id=11871
title Microsoft IIS Authentication Method Enumeration
refmap via4
bid 4235
bugtraq 20020305 Considerations for IIS Authentication (#NISR05032002C)
xf iis-authentication-error-messages(8382)
Last major update 17-10-2016 - 22:20
Published 12-08-2002 - 00:00
Last modified 30-10-2018 - 12:25
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