|Name ||Argument Injection |
|Summary ||An attacker changes the behavior or state of a targeted application through injecting data or command syntax through the targets use of non-validated and non-filtered arguments of exposed services or methods. |
|Prerequisites ||Target software fails to strip all user-supplied input of any content that could cause the shell to perform unexpected actions.
Software must allow for unvalidated or unfiltered input to be executed on operating system shell, and, optionally, the system configuration must allow for output to be sent back to client. |
|Solutions ||Design: Do not program input values directly on command shell, instead treat user input as guilty until proven innocent. Build a function that takes user input and converts it to applications specific types and values, stripping or filtering out all unauthorized commands and characters in the process.
Design: Limit program privileges, so if metacharacters or other methods circumvent program input validation routines and shell access is attained then it is not running under a privileged account. chroot jails create a sandbox for the application to execute in, making it more difficult for an attacker to elevate privilege even in the case that a compromise has occurred.
Implementation: Implement an audit log that is written to a separate host, in the event of a compromise the audit log may be able to provide evidence and details of the compromise. |
|CWE ID ||Description |
|CWE-77 ||Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection') |
|CWE-78 ||Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection') |
|CWE-146 ||Improper Neutralization of Expression/Command Delimiters |
|CWE-184 ||Incomplete Blacklist |
|CWE-185 ||Incorrect Regular Expression |
|CWE-697 ||Insufficient Comparison |
|CWE-713 || |