Name Navigation Remapping To Propagate Malicious Content
Summary An attacker manipulates either egress or ingress data from a client within an application framework in order to change the content of messages and thereby circumvent the expected application logic. Performing this attack allows the attacker to manipulate content in such a way as to produce messages or content that look authentic but may contain deceptive links, spam-like content, or links to the attackers' code. In general, content-spoofing within an application API can be employed to stage many different types of attacks varied based on the attackers' intent. When the goal is to spread malware, deceptive content is created such as modified links, buttons, or images, that entice users to click on those items, all of which point to a malicious URI. The techniques require use of specialized software that allow the attacker to man-in-the-middle communications between the web browser and the remote system in order to change the destination of various application interface elements.
Prerequisites Targeted software is utilizing application framework APIs
Solutions
Related Weaknesses
CWE ID Description
CWE-311 Missing Encryption of Sensitive Data
CWE-345 Insufficient Verification of Data Authenticity
CWE-346 Origin Validation Error
CWE-471 Modification of Assumed-Immutable Data (MAID)
CWE-602 Client-Side Enforcement of Server-Side Security
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