Name Application API Message Manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle
Summary An attacker manipulates either egress or ingress data from a client within an application framework in order to change the content of messages. Performing this attack can allow the attacker to gain unauthorized privileges within the application, or conduct attacks such as phishing, deceptive strategies to spread malware, or traditional web-application attacks. The techniques require use of specialized software that allow the attacker to man-in-the-middle communications between the web browser and the remote system. Despite the use of MITM software, the attack is actually directed at the server, as the client is one node in a series of content brokers that pass information along to the application framework. Additionally, it is not true "Man-in-the-Middle" attack at the network layer, but an application-layer attack the root cause of which is the master applications trust in the integrity of code supplied by the client.
Prerequisites Targeted software is utilizing application framework APIs
Solutions
Related Weaknesses
CWE ID Description
CWE-311 Missing Encryption of Sensitive Data
CWE-345 Insufficient Verification of Data Authenticity
CWE-346 Origin Validation Error
CWE-471 Modification of Assumed-Immutable Data (MAID)
CWE-602 Client-Side Enforcement of Server-Side Security
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