Name Object Relational Mapping Injection
Summary An attacker leverages a weakness present in the database access layer code generated with an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) tool or a weakness in the way that a developer used a persistence framework to inject his or her own SQL commands to be executed against the underlying database. The attack here is similar to plain SQL injection, except that the application does not use JDBC to directly talk to the database, but instead it uses a data access layer generated by an ORM tool or framework (e.g. Hibernate). While most of the time code generated by an ORM tool contains safe access methods that are immune to SQL injection, sometimes either due to some weakness in the generated code or due to the fact that the developer failed to use the generated access methods properly, SQL injection is still possible.
Prerequisites An application uses data access layer generated by an ORM tool or framework An application uses user supplied data in queries executed against the database The separation between data plane and control plane is not ensured, through either developer error or an underlying weakness in the data access layer code generation framework
Solutions Remember to understand how to use the data access methods generated by the ORM tool / framework properly in a way that would leverage the built-in security mechanisms of the framework Ensure to keep up to date with security relevant updates to the persistence framework used within your application.
Related Weaknesses
CWE ID Description
CWE-20 Improper Input Validation
CWE-89 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection')
CWE-100
CWE-564 SQL Injection: Hibernate
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